各国的军用口粮 Army Ration Packs Around the World

尽管世界各国都会在军队食物方面花费不少心思,但是各国的食物配给包却千差万别。在这些不同的食物包中,除了常规的压缩及罐头食品外,有些政府还会给军队配备零食、甜点和诸如一次性食物加热器等配件,用以提高军人的饮食标准,增强部队战斗力。

在英国、法国、意大利、爱沙尼亚、德国、美国、加拿大等国军队的配给食物中,主食非常丰富,包括素食面食、青椒焖肉饭和黑麦面包等;副食配有各种蔬菜,包括咖喱鸡块、鹿肉馅饼、油封鸭和烟熏鲱鱼等,饮料里面有咖啡、茶和各类果汁,甚至像意大利这样的国家还会提供酒类;佐食的各种酱料和饭后甜点也必不可少,辣酱、花生酱、杏仁蛋糕等更是满足了前线人员对于家乡味道的无尽思念。据悉,每个定量配给食物包都足以满足前线队员24小时内对于饮食的需求,各国政府也在不遗余力地提高部队的饮食质量。

The US and other militaries have poured billions into these technologically impressive ration packs. Few commanding officers forget Napoleon Bonaparte’s apocryphal remark “an army marches on its stomach”, so ration packs have already come a long way from the cans of corned beef that one officer confided were so hated by British soldiers, that on training exercises, they threw them over a cliff, preferring hunger. Scientists and chefs have worked for years to produce tasty food that lasts for months in a sealed pouch or tin.

西班牙 Spanish Army Ration Pack

The Spanish lunch pack has cans of green beans with ham, squid in vegetable oil, and pate. There is also a sachet of powdered vegetable soup, peach in syrup for dessert and crackers handed out to go with the meal in place of bread (not shown). There is a disposable heater with matches and fuel tabs, as well as lots of tablets: Vitamin C, glucose, water purification, and rehydration.

美国 US Army Ration Pack

花生酱、五香苹果汁、杏仁蛋糕罂粟籽、小红莓和热带鸡尾酒是美国军人的食物。

Almond poppy seed pound cake, cranberries, spiced apple cider (the hot US non-alcoholic drink) and peanut butter and crackers make up this very American meal package. The main — pasta with vegetable “crumbles” in spicy tomato sauce — is less traditional, but the “flameless heater” shows off American tech skills — just add water to the powder in a plastic bag and it heats up enough to warm the plastic meal pouch.

挪威 Norwegian Army Ration Pack

The Norwegian pack has American technology (the flameless heater) but British tastes. There is Earl Grey tea, beans and bacon in tomato sauce, a golden oatie biscuit and Rowntree’s Tooty Frooties.

意大利 Italian Army Ration Pack

所有国家中,只有意大利军队提供酒精类饮品。另外的食物则包括蔬菜通心粉汤、米饭沙拉、一个能量棒和一些水果沙拉。

The Italian ration pack contains a breakfast shot of 40% alcohol cordiale, a powdered cappuccino, lots of biscotti, and a disposable camping stove for heating parts of the meal, including a pasta and bean soup, canned turkey and a rice salad. Dessert is a power sport bar, canned fruit salad or a muesli chocolate bar.

澳大利亚 Australian Defence League Ration Pack

The Australian ration pack has more small treats than any of the others. Most of it is packaged by the military, from a serving of love-it-or-hate-it Vegemite to jam sandwich biscuits and a tube of sweetened condensed milk. The bag includes a can-opener-cum-spoon for getting at the Fonterra processed cheddar cheese, and main meals of meatballs and chilli tuna pasta. There are lots of sweets and soft drinks, and two unappetising-looking bars labelled “chocolate ration”.

英国 British Army Ration Pack

The British pack is dotted with familiar brands from Kenco coffee and Typhoo tea to a mini bottle of Tabasco. The main courses include the British favourite, chicken tikka masala, and a vegetarian pasta. There’s also pork and beans for breakfast, and lots of sweets and snacks from trail mix to an apple “fruit pocket” that looks like it might not be out of place in a school lunchbox. Plus packets of Polos and, of course, plenty of teabags.

爱沙尼亚 Estonian Army Ration Pack

Stuffed peppers, chicken-meat pâté, smoked sprats, and liver sausage with potatoes make an eclectic menu here. Plus, crispbreads on the side, and halva with vanilla for dessert. Breakfast is muesli, a fruit pocket and honey.

加拿大 Canadian Army Ration Pack

While there are Bear Paws snacks in the Canadian ration pack, there’s the shocking omission of maple syrup. You have the choice of salmon fillet with Tuscan sauce or vegetarian couscous for the main meal. There is also the makings of a peanut butter and jelly (raspberry jam) sandwich for breakfast.

德国 German Army Ration Pack

德国军队配给食物中包含黑麦面包、意大利脆饼、菜炖牛肉和土豆,以及大量的樱桃和杏果酱。

The German ration pack contains several sachets of grapefruit and exotic juice powder to add to water, and Italian biscotti, but also more familiar treats such as liver-sausage spread and rye bread, goulash with potatoes, and for breakfast sour cherry and apricot jams.

法国 French Army Ration Pack

尽管法国军队的配给食物中再也没有红酒,但他们可以享受鹿肉馅饼、油封鸭豆焖肉、猪肉菜、鱼汤、巧克力布丁和杜邦焦糖,另外还有一次性食物加热器。

A streamlined but sophisticated French ration pack offers soldiers deer pâté, cassoulet with duck confit, creole-style pork and a crème chocolate pudding. There is also a disposable heater, some coffee and flavoured drink powder, muesli for breakfast and a little Dupont d’Isigny caramel.

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