Facts About The American Civil War
I wanted to settle some myth’s about the American Civil War. The first myth is concerning the Confederate Flags used during the Civil War. One flag was used as a battle flag nicknamed “The Southern Cross”. Many consider this flag a form of racism, but it was not fashioned out of such. This flag has been adapted by many hate groups, but the origins of this flag represented solidity and courage. The Southern Cross was not used to display the South’s desire for racism.
This Southern Cross displays the cross of St. Andrew who was crucified. The largest influence for the fashion of the “cross” on the flag was the Scottish/Irish ancestry in the South during that time. The stars represented the eleven states in the Confederacy, plus Missouri and Kentucky. General P.G.T Beauregard proposed using the flag for the “battle flag” to represent the Confederacy. The flag “Stars and Stripes” was also used as a battle flag for the Confederacy. There was no uniformed flag used by the Confederate South. The South did not contain the industrial strength of the Northern United States and flags were always designed and created differently because of the scarce resources.
Another myth about the Civil War is that it began because of slavery. This myth could not be further from the truth. The Civil War was fought because of recession of the states. I want to add that the South was not the only part of the United States owning slaves. There were slave plantations found within the North, and slaves rebelling against their Northern masters. In 1641, Massachusetts became the first settlement to accept slavery by statute. There was a ship that sailed out of Boston four years later embarking on a slave journey to Africa with stopping in England. By the late 1700s, tens of thousands of Africans were living as slaves in the North. Slavery began in the Northern United States with slaves being labeled “cotton spinners”, and in the South, they were labeled “cotton pickers”.
A great book for your reading pleasure is called “Complicity: How the North Promoted and Prolonged and Profited from Slavery.” Ann Farrow, Joel Lang and Jennifer Frank Ballantine wrote this book after exhausting research into slavery and Northerners. The book reports the discovery of five-thousand slaves in Connecticut the year before the Revolutionary War began. The book also reports that Rhode Island shipped nearly five-thousand slaves in less than twenty years. During that era, the Narragansett Plantation matched the plantations of Virginia in acreage and slaves.
According to the book, Deep River Connecticut was the receiving agency for elephant tusks shipped in from Ivoryton. Enslaved Africans were forced to carry the tusks hundreds of miles to the coast for shipment. Two abolitionists were rumored in running the elephant tusk mill which proves that they did not mix business with their politics. Most of the abolitionists from the Civil War Era were hypocrites. Most of them owned slaves while standing on soapboxes denouncing slavery. Benjamin Franklin who was once an indentured servant was discovered to be a slave owner.