Population: 8.5 million
Access to Improved Sanitation: 1.6 million
Key Information: WTW primary works in the “Mosquito Coast”. The name comes from the name of the indigenous peoples primarily located there called the Miskit Indian Tribe. The area is one of the most remote areas in Central America.
WTW’s Impact: Over 6,000 people have been reached with clean water.
Water Solutions Used: Well Construction and Well Repair
Honduras is located in the center of Central America, bordered to the south by Nicaragua and El Salvador, and to the west by Guatemala. Nearly 65% of the population is considered extremely poor, living on less than a dollar a day. Many grow food simply to feed their families, leaving little to no money for other purchases. In addition, Honduras has endured much political instability throughout its history.
In 1998, Honduras was devastated by Hurricane Mitch, a category 5 hurricane. Landslides and floods ravaged the country, killing thousands of people, causing upwards of $60 million in damages, and leaving 75% of the country without access to clean drinking water.
Although the country has somewhat recovered from this natural disaster, many families are forced to rely on contaminated water supplies to survive. Numerous waterborne diseases are commonplace, such as Cholera and E. Coli. Many women and children in more rural areas of Honduras spend up to six hours each day simply fetching water and carrying it home on their heads.
Wine To Water’s Impact
Wine To Water began working in Honduras in 2014; specifically in a very remote region called the “Mosquito Coast”. Wine To Water main focus is on well drilling and well repair. The “Mosquito Coast” is known for having serious health problems due to the lack of clean water. As a result of ongoing operations, thousand will receive the benefit of clean water.
Water Solutions Used
- Well Construction: The most recognized water access solution for rural communities is well drilling. This involves digging, driving, or drilling a borehole to access water in underground aquifers. How the aquifer is reached depends on the ground formation and resources available. Some aquifers are shallow (30–60 feet) and can be reached by hand digging or hand driving (manual percussion). Other aquifers may be deeper (60–500 feet) requiring a more sophisticated rotary or hammer drilling machine. The wells are then most commonly outfitted with a hand pump to draw the water out and protected with a concrete pad. Community members are actively involved to contribute as well as receive training on well ownership and maintenance.
2. Well Repair: As many as 1 in every 3 wells in Sub-Saharan Africa are in non-working order. Our well repair programs start with site assessments on broken wells with cooperation from government water officials. Community members are informed of the program and invited to send their own water committee members to attend well management training. This interactive training addresses the root causes of why the wells have remained inoperable; covering topics such as community ownership, source protection, and managing finances. The physical/mechanical repairs are then completed, most commonly involving repairing broken hand pump parts and leaking pipes, at a fraction of the cost of drilling a new well.