Importance of Good Conveyor Belts for Food Industries

Picking out the right conveyor belt for your material handling system or conveyor system is often overlooked. Whereas, the fact is that your conveyor system and its efficiency is only as good as the conveyor belt. There are two main classifications of conveying systems in commercial industries. Material handling, which essentially involves covering small distances within a confined building and/or transportation vehicle. The other classification being bulk material handling, which does exactly what it sounds as — conveys bulky, tremendously heavy materials.

Food industries happen to use conveying systems in material handling as well as bulk material handling. Therefore, the importance of picking out good conveyor belts becomes all the more crucial. To put it simply, conveying systems are used in the manufacturing as well as the distribution process in most food industries. Heavy material handling systems are usually composed of stationary machines that handle the transportation of bulky food items. These stationary materials handling systems include conveyor belts, moving floors, screw conveyors, elevators, stackers and bucket elevators. Following are two types of conveyor belts that can be employed in food industries:

  1. Friction drive belts — these are sturdy and hardworking conveyor belts that are used not just in food industries but also in other industries that require robust working of conveying systems. These belts are driven by friction between two rollers. Friction drive belts come in different designs (or make) such as balanced and double balanced weaves, conventional and rod reinforced, and compound balanced weave.
  2. Positive drive belts — these belts are driven by sprockets mounted on shafts, that engage the chains attached to the mesh. Chain driven belts are a sort of positive drive belts that are great for straight tracking and are employed majorly in food and heat-treat industries.

Choosing the right conveyor belt in the case of food industries is vital for the smooth working of all processes of the industry. The wrong conveyor belt can affect the production, hamper safety, and cause various other troubles. You need to choose the right belt based on the needs of your industry and manufacturing products. Consider the weight, size, and distribution of the product; impact of the loading of product on the belt; the speed at which the product will get conveyed; and the speed of the product.

Also, one must be careful while setting up or fitting the conveyor belt onto the conveying system. To increase the lifecycle of these belts proper installation is important.