This Article Will Help You to Write a Great Literary Work
Human life is a chain of events in which cause and effect are not always clear. In literary work all should be logically connected: one follows from the other; all unnecessary, unrelated to the action is cut off.
Logical sequence of action heroes — this is the subject of the work. Now we define the elements of the plot.
Exposure — time, place, action, structure and relationships of the characters. If the exposure is placed at the beginning of the work, it is called direct if in the middle of — delayed.
Omen — clues that portend the further development of the plot.
Plot — an event that provokes conflict.
Conflict — confrontation heroes vehicle function or someone else. This is the foundation works: if there is no conflict, there is nothing to tell.
The Types of Conflict
• A person (character humanized) anti-human (humanized character);
• Man against nature (the circumstances);
• A person against society;
• A person against technology;
• Man against the supernatural;
• A man against himself.
Increasing action — is a series of events, which originates from the conflict. The action increases and reaches a peak at the climax.
Crisis — the conflict reaches a peak. The warring parties meet face-to-face. A crisis occurs either immediately before the culmination of, or simultaneously with it.
Climax — is a result of the crisis. Often, it is the most interesting and significant moment in the work. Hero or breaks, or grits his teeth and getting ready to go to the end.
Downward effect — a series of events or actions of the characters, leading to a climax.
Decoupling — the conflict is resolved: the hero or to achieve goals, either with nothing or die.
Why is it Important to Know the Basics of Building Plot?
Because of centuries of literature, humanity has developed a particular scheme impact on the psyche of the story. If the story does not fit into it, then it seems counter-intuitive and sluggish.
In complex products with many plot lines all of the above elements may appear more than once; Moreover, the key scenes of the novel are subject to all the same rules of construction plot.
Transitions from ties to the conflict and its resolution should be believable. You cannot, for example, send tapes hero on a journey just because you want it. Any character should be a good reason to do so anyway. If Simple Simon sits on the horse, it is driven by a strong emotion: love, fear, revenge, etc. Logic and common sense are needed in each scene: if the main hero of the novel is a fool, he can certainly go to the forest, teeming with poisonous dragons. But if he is a sensible man, he will not go there without a serious reason.
Decoupling — is the result of the actions of the characters and not the other way. In ancient plays, all the problems would resolve the deity, descended on the scene on the ropes. Since then, the ironic finale, when all conflicts are eliminated with a wave of the wand sorcerer or chief angel is called god out of the machine. That suited the ancient, just annoying contemporaries.
The reader feels cheated if the heroes just get lucky: for example, the lady finds a suitcase full of money just when it is necessary to pay the interest on the loan. Reader respects only those heroes who deserve it — that is, do something worthy.
World Literature developed particular narrative patterns that recur from work to work for centuries. They can be divided into the following categories:
• Travel — heroes go on a journey to find anything or anyone. Another option — to return home. Travelers meet unusual people and get into unusual situations.
• Harassment — hero or catches someone or he hides from his pursuers.
• Salvation — the hero must be a victim, often unjustly punished. Alone or with the help of friends he had to extricate himself from a difficult situation.
• Location — the hero affected by villains and now longs to punish them. The main motive of justice.
• Riddle — the reader is invited to a rebus, which answer lies on the surface. This plot archetype is used primarily to detectives.
• Confrontation. The key point — the battle between two forces: either equal to each other or are in different weight categories.
• Growing up — the hero-child grows and learns life.
• The temptation — the conflict is based on the emotions of the hero. He realizes that there is death, but unable to resist his desires.
• Transformation — the hero is changing for the better as a result of finding love, faith, a new ideology, etc.
• Love — characters meet, fall in love and overcome all obstacles, joined hearts (alternative: losing each other, one or both of the main characters die).
• Sacrifice — the hero sacrifices everything for the sake of high ideals or family happiness.
• Decomposition — the hero is gradually degraded.
• Opening — people know the truth about yourself or the world around them.
• From rags to riches, or of the princes in the mud — the story of the rise and fall of man.
Within the framework of the archetypes mentioned above says the vast majority of literary works.
Despite the fact that any work of art somehow fits the archetype, the author should be especially careful with stamps, that is, plot twists that repeatedly used in literature and cinema. On the one hand, the stamp (if it is not a parody) — it is almost always a sign of lack of professionalism: the author does not have enough imagination to come up with something of his own. On the other hand, the stamp — a trusted element myth time. It is a kind of a short road to the heart of the reader: the familiar childhood stories will automatically cause the desired emotions.
If we write prose or intellectual mainstream, we try to avoid all cliches; if we write genre fiction, we have to use the stamps to a minimum.
The Most Common Stories
• The creation of heaven falls to the ground and falls in love with a mortal / death. Alternative: the representative of a more advanced civilization falls in love with a girl-native.
• All are chasing some military secret or magic shovel, a rake in the money. Gizmo can change the course of history.
• The main character is transferred to a parallel world and there becomes a god, a king, a hero or a magician.
• Apocalypse came, people lived in the caves and fought with mutants.
• An Indian woman married to a foreigner. Dating, ordeal by embassies and a long-awaited love — all based on real events.
• Hero of the offer to take up the matter (to solve the crime, to travel, etc.), he refuses at first, but then, on reflection, agrees.
• The hero avenges dead parents.
• The hero or heroine falls in love with the villain / villainess but realizes that it can cost lives.
• The hero is sent to the advice of a wise man, and he solves his problems.
• The hero not only to cope with the enemies but love and gets half the kingdom into the bargain.
• Showdown hero to villain.
• The hero on the verge of death, but here there is a loyal friend and save him.
• Scene “Please do not die”, followed by recovery.
• Large-scale atrocities, and rescue: the antagonist wants to destroy the universe, it saves the hero.
• The hero enters the secret lair of the villain and finds out important information.
• At the critical moment, the best friend betrays the protagonist.