[Museum] Musée de l’Orangerie

Apart from the Orsay museum, the Musée de l’Orangerie is another museum located around the Seine hosting many impressionist and post-impressionist paintings.

One of the most important works includes water-lily paintings by Claude Monet, known as the Nymphéas.

Interestingly enough, the original room was used to protect orange trees in the Tuileries palace in 1852. Two oval rooms are contructed exclusively to fit these eight large-scale water lilies paintings on Monet’s demand in the 1920s.

While appreicating the paintings, it is important to stand in a distance from the painting to see exactly what Monet was trying to accomplish here. However, it is extremely hard to appreciate the work with the large number of crowds.

We can imagined that Monet was using huge brushes and working outside of his garden in Giverny for his later years.

In July 2016, Musée de l’Orangerie host a temporary exhibition Apollinaire, the Eyes of the Poet for Poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire for the period between 1902 and 1918. He is said to be one of the first to “discover” African art that was a key in the aesthetic revolution that led to the birth of modern art.

With a keen eye for discovering the art of his time, Apollinaire
“defined once and for all the approach of artists like Matisse, Derain, Picasso and Chirico (…) using intellectual surveying techniques not seen since Baudelaire”
Breton declared in 1952. The aim of this exhibition is to recognise the important effect that this poet-critic’s discerning eye had on his era, in much the same way as Baudelaire and Mallarmé had on theirs.

For each room, there is different color for the wall and the exhibition was not in a chronological order. It is interesting to see how there is hardly any work from the subject of the exhibition. One could see for example, one section displaying the Aftrican Art in his house and one highlighting in particular the poet’s links with Picasso.

There are ther artists’ work showed here, such as Andre Derain(co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse), Henri Manguin(also a French painter associated with Les Fauves), Marc Chagall(Russian-French artist assoicated with several major artistic revolution), Fernand Leger(figurative and populist style) and Robert Delaunay (cofounded the Orphism art movement with his wife Sonia Delaunay and others).

Robert Delaunay, Andre Derain, Henri Manguin
Fernand Leger, Marc Chagall

I liked the wooden frame and the wall color — showing the fine quality of the artwork. But on the other hand, too much circular shape of the design of the room makes the audience felt a bit dizzy going around.

Other collections in the museum include works from Paul cezanne, Pierre Anguste Renoir, Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, Andre Derain Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Chaim Soutine, and Marie Laurencin — who had affair with Apollinaire. The lifes of the impressionists were all interwined I must say.

Work of Marie Laurencin
Marie laurencin first studied porcelain painting. While her work shows the influence of Cubist painters Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who was her close friend, she developed a unique approach to abstraction which often centered on the representation of groups of women and female portraits.
In 1983, on the one hundredth anniversary of Laurencin’s birth, the Musée Marie Laurencin opened in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The museum is home to more than 500 of her works and an archive.
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