The Role of OSHA in Supply Chain
The purpose of our project was to create awareness of the significance and importance of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in Supply Chain. We obtained and analyzed comprehensive information on the application of OSHA in Supply Chain both on National and International level.
Successful implementation of OHSA can be achieved by improving the work environment, promoting the participation of all stakeholders’ in the process and encouraging personal development to bring the improvement in the well-being of people. This requires proper risk management of all processes involved in the entire supply chain of the company. The project also focused on the key reasons to motivate the employers and employees to take health related initiatives and their associated challenges and obstacles.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to help employers and employees reduce injuries, illnesses and deaths on the Job in America. Since then workplace fatalities have been cut down by 60% and occupational injury and illness rates have declined by 40%. OSHA provides national leadership in occupational safety and health. The agency seeks to find the most effective ways to help prevent worker fatalities, and prevent workplace injuries and illnesses.
Under the OSHA Act, employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthful workplace. OSHA’s mission is to assure safe and healthful workplaces by setting and enforcing standards, and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance. Employers must comply with all applicable OSHA standards. Employers must also comply with the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act, which requires employers to keep their workplace free of serious recognized hazards.
By implementation of OSHA standards in an organization, the company gets and provides both direct and indirect benefits to the employees, employers and the organization. Direct benefits such as workers’ compensation insurance costs, reduced medical expenditures, lower costs for job accommodations for injured workers, decreased payout for return to work programs, and fewer faulty products and indirect benefits includes increased productivity, decreased costs of overtime and lower cost for training replacement workers.
For our project, we selected two companies from different industries. In one company (XYZ), OSHA practices were strictly followed whereas, in the other company (ABC), OSHA was already implemented. The practices being followed in both companies related to OSHA were compared.
In the end, it was concluded and further recommended that the company XYZ must implement the quality standards such as ISO 9001:2015 in order to maintain discipline and maintain proper working conditions. Environment standard (ISO 14001:2015) should also be implemented to cater all the environmental and legal issues. The purpose of implementing the standard is to form a system so that workers and employees work in a proper working environment.