This was a very educational and enlightening article to read. It puts a spotlight on a much overlooked and unknown history that I think a lot of people should learn from. I’m Somali and everything you mentioned was spot on. It seems quite silly and ignorant for some South Asians to look at diracs, East African henna customs...etc and decry cultural appropriation when A) These cultural expressions have existed for centuries and B) there is a long-standing, reciprocal relationship between Africa and South Asia. It’s sad that this history has either been ignored or set aside since it doesn’t fit in with the current racial politics of South Asia.