2016 Report/VIDEO: Islamophobia in Europe

Full France National Report: http://www.islamophobiaeurope.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/FRANCE.pdf

Full European Report: http://www.islamophobiaeurope.com/reports/2016-reports/

Executive Summary

France entered 2016 in a state of shock after a series of terrorist attacks that culminated in November 2015 with mass shootings that left over 130 victims and more than 200 injured. Later in the year, further attacks targeted the country like the Bastille Day attack that left 86 dead or the murder of two police officers in June.

In a country where Islamophobia has been a growing societal challenge for the past thirty years, it was anticipated that rampant racism, combined with terrorist attacks and a broken socio-economic model, would unleash hostilities towards a minority that is perceived as a foreign body that cannot be integrated even after four generations.

Structural discrimination against Muslims was demonstrated by the National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED) which concluded that integration was a “one way street”, that immigrants are structurally cast aside despite efforts to integrate.1

Under the state of emergency which is still in effect, over 4,000 raids have been carried out with only 6 leading to investigations for terrorism. French anti-Islamophobia NGO C.R.I (Coordination Against Racism and Islamophobia) along with Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch all denounced the deliberate targeting of Muslims and the ineffectiveness of the government’s antiterror strategy. They were further supported by a leaked document from the country’s domestic intelligence urging the government to switch strategy and stop the stigmatisation of Muslims.

In a climate of fear and exacerbated tensions, hate towards Muslims reached a peak during the burkini controversy with several seaside towns banning access to public beaches to women wearing it. Emboldened by recent events, anti-Muslim racist discourse was employed not only by traditional Islamophobes but also by the candidate running for presidency in 2017.

The Berlin attack in a Christmas market has so far not led to Islamophobic retaliation in France unlike during the aftermath of the Cologne attack which led to a violent ideological backlash following Kamel Daoud’s claim in

The New York Times that Arabs are prone to sexism. (…)

Full France National Report: http://www.islamophobiaeurope.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/FRANCE.pdf

Full European Report: http://www.islamophobiaeurope.com/reports/2016-reports/

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