Contemporary Media Issue-Discussion, Analysis and Suggestions.
Fake news is news or propaganda intended to mislead the public and bring political, economic, market, or psychological achievements and benefits, including intentional misinformation or mischief spread through traditional news media or online social media. Due to the recent outbreak of COVID-19, fake news has spread on websites of various sizes. This is undoubtedly an injury to many countries and people. Such false information is usually caused by journalists reporting when they receive benefits. This practice is called checkbook news. This kind of news dissemination is extremely lacking in morality, and even has no bottom line. Some fake news can even kill victims who are reported by untrue news. But the reporters who reported on this did not take this into account at all, and readers were misled by these false information and lost the ability to distinguish right from wrong. Social media in various countries are full of these sensational headlines. Some people smiled and passed, while others believed it to be true, which eventually led to a real tragedy.
I once saw a very chilling example about a fake news about India reported in 2018. In June, WhatsApp and social media circulated two fake news of kidnapping and trafficking of children of 29-year-old and 30-year-old men respectively. The following two men who were traveling and preparing to visit friends were misunderstood by villagers in the village and were present by the police. In the case of being beaten to death. According to the “India Times” report, there have recently been rumors of “kidnapping of children by criminal gangs”. A group of instant messaging software WhatsApp, which is commonly used by villagers, was screened by a video. In the video, two men riding motorcycles took the children off the street and left. This video began to spread on the Indian network around April. Perhaps because it poked many people’s inner fears, it was refueled, madly reposted, and even the most remote mountainous netizens are familiar with it. The villagers who were difficult to tell the truth were panicking. Due to such misleading information, the death of these innocent people with a happy family made me feel very angry and puzzled about people who write and disseminate these condemned news.
First of all, journalists who write and publish these false contents are extremely lacking in basic professional ethics and ethics. They may even act on life-related news, and may be suffocated by interests. Even if they take the title of reporter, they will live in life. They will also lose the trust of others. Bloomberg pointed out that the victims of these cases have something in common: they are all “outsiders”, come from other places, belong to different religions, speak another language, or simply “look different”.
Secondly, these events shows readers and people who saw the news and news easily believed these untrue reports, which also reflected that people now lack the ability to distinguish right from wrong about fake news. The tragedy in Karnataka is just a microcosm. According to the “Washington Post” report, since May 2017, deaths caused by rumors on social media have occurred in various parts of India. Shortly before the death of Azam, five “suspicious persons” were killed alive in Tulae, Maharashtra. The locals are convinced of the rumors that the kidnappers kidnapped children and sold their organs.
Finally, media workers in the industry, even those in the industry who should review the news reports to be published, are not responsible for their work, and their superiors do not monitor and confirm the content.
From the cases I mentioned above, it can be seen that the fake news that appears and spread on social media will harm the innocent people, destroy their happy family life, and even cost them precious lives. This kind of fake news does not describe the appearance of the people who reported it, but people will attack those who have a little bit of similarity. What is even more shocking is that these fake news set up a social media control room in the police to pay attention to online public opinion and hot spots. After they issued a statement saying that once they found the rumor and locked their identity and carried out the arrest, it did not affect and reduce the people to false Passion for the news. Readers are still keen to read news and reports on these sites, and since then they have extended their so-called sense of justice to overcome their fear of these false news.
We have been learning about fake news theory throughout the semester. One of the obvious reasons is that when people who publish fake news spread the news, they are profitable, and regardless of the impact on the people after the news is released, some insignificant India have more than 200 million WhatsApp users WhatsApp is the world’s largest market, these users send out about 13.7 billion instant messaging messages every day. (Youth Online YeYuan, 2018) This platform allows users to be anonymous and does not verify their identity information. All speeches are encrypted. The conversation is limited to users and within groups, resulting in almost no trace of the source and destination of rumors, let alone limiting their spread from the source. With the popularity of the Internet and smartphones in recent years, the Internet access rate in rural India has rapidly increased, and the audience for rumors has also rapidly expanded. According to Bloomberg News, in some extreme cases, even villagers who believed in the rumors even killed the propaganda who came to refute the rumors.
Moreover, Compared with fake news, true news must be reported and reported by more than one newspaper or website. They need to compete with other sources of publication through professional handling of the report. After all, everyone wants their readers and supporters to be better than others. Many people. Therefore, according to this point, some people with bad intentions will publish some false news to attract people’s attention and win their attention, thereby increasing their popularity.
Government, society and social media platforms are all working hard, but fake news is still spreading everywhere and creating new tragedies. Why is this happening? Singapore’s LianHe Newspaper pointed out on July 19 that the reason people take fake news has little to do with their political stance and personal prejudice. (Youth Online YeYuan, 2018) It’s more because they are “too lazy to use their brains” to believe everything. “Lazy disease” is currently “no medicine can be treated.” It is not easy to think independently and use critical thinking. The news on social media overlaps, and all kinds of “reversal” and even “anti-reversal” are overwhelming, and even calm people will inevitably fall into chaos. To make matters worse, in many parts of the United States, Europe and Asia, many people have lost their trust in mainstream media, and the loss of authority makes it more difficult to refute rumors.
With the rapid development of the Internet, social media platforms have become more tolerant of user rights. In addition to some professional news channels, many social media platforms have also become the starting point for the rise of fake news. For these devastating fake news, the staff of each platform needs to take their responsibilities more efficiently, so as to manage and monitor those public platforms and some private accounts that frequently publish public information.
Why it is important understand ?
In addition to the billions of humans who use social media, there are millions of robots. Roamers help spread fake news and exaggerate the apparent popularity of fake news on social media.
Social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram have become home to millions of social bots that spread fake news. According to 2017 estimates, more than half of the 190 million robots on just three social media platforms live across the United States. They reside on social media platforms and are used to accomplish specific tasks. (Cits) They work on online social networking sites to perform their tasks autonomously and repeatedly. They simulate human behavior in social networks, for example, by interacting with other users and sharing information and messages. Because social bots have the ability to search the web and have not yet verified information, social bots can spread fake news. Roamers on social media sites are continuously published, using trending themes and hashtags as their primary strategy to spread non-curdy content to reach a wider audience, which in many cases further helps spread fake news.
The bot’s strategy works because the average social media user tends to believe what they see or what others share, rather than scrutinizing the user profile of the source on social networking sites such as Facebook. As a result, bots take advantage of this by broadcasting a lot of fake news and making it look credible. However, the rover is clearly not good at identifying other users’ original comments to retweet. They are not so clever. People are very clever. But people are excited. Real people also play an important role in the spread of fake news. As information about the role of bots in the spread of fake news comes to light, social media companies have tried to reduce bots and fake accounts that exist on their platforms. In July 2018, for example, Twitter began “deleting tens of millions of suspicious accounts.” (Cits) But in most cases, the spread of fake news is a real human consequence, often an act of innocence. As users, all of us are probably the biggest part of the problem.
What the others say ?
From the perspective of readers and listeners, they lack the ability to understand scientific knowledge and think critically about things because they can’t tell the difference between fake news and real news. In India, there are many similar news stories to the above. In addition, such casual use of violence is inextricably linked to the Government of India, which has not verified and investigated the matter before the reports have spread, and has not dealt with it in a timely manner even after the villagers have mistakenly killed innocent people. Karnataka Deputy Chief condemned the violence and urged police to bring the perpetrators to justice as soon as possible, AFP reported. “I advise you not to listen to rumors and to solve problems with the law. If there are suspicious persons or activities, please report them to the police. He said. Only then did the Indian government begin to investigate the source of the rumors. They soon discovered that the video, which was being circulated, was not a real event at all, but rather a public service advertisement in Pakistan about vigilant kidnappings. Countless Indian self-media media have made it “real” in the process of processing and forwarding, and become “what happened in India”. (Youth Online YeYuan, 2018)
Therefore, the site should set up a column, ads or promotional films and other reports that are not real events into a category, the real events are divided into a single column. This way the reader is not easily misled by the title.
There are now three questions about the spread of fake news.
The first is that publishers and those who provide false information and ideas are extremely lacking in basic ethical and industry ethics.
Second, the lack of censoring and monitoring of content posted on the platform by social media platforms and some news sites, and the government’s neglect of management and discipline in this regard, have led to the spread of fake news rapidly.
The third point is that readers and netizens lack the ability to judge real fake news, be dominated by emotions, and lack reason. Trust all websites and media platforms with information.
In order to solve these problems, we can consider from the perspective of different people. The first is that for publishers and those who provide information and inspiration, they are the source of fake news, and if they are to reduce the production of fake news, their behavior must be stopped. Because they do so for personal gain, governments and platform managers can publicly issue penalty treaties, and if they investigate the fake news, their publishers will be fined or their rights to use the platforms revoked. As readers and listeners, we need to learn scientific knowledge and techniques on how to tell the truth from fake news to improve personal literacy.
Cellan-Jones, R. (2020, April 10). Tech Tent: Social media fights a fresh flood of fake news. Retrieved from BBC NEWS: https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-52245992
Cits. (n.d.). How is Fake News Spread? Bots, People like You, Trolls, and Microtargeting . Retrieved from Cits: https://www.cits.ucsb.edu/fake-news/spread
FAU. (2019, November 20). Fake news: Why it works and how we can expose it for what it is. Endless Curiosity: FAU: https://www.fau.eu/2019/11/20/news/research/fake-news/
Shanker, P. (2018). Combating Fake News in India . Retrieved from Stanford Social Innovation Review: https://ssir.org/articles/entry/combating_fake_news_in_india
Steinmetz, K. (2018, August 9). How Your Brain Tricks You Into Believing Fake News. Retrieved from TIME: https://time.com/5362183/the-real-fake-news-crisis/
University, I. (n.d.). Endless Curiosity: The Science of Fake News. Endless Curiosity: The Science of Fake News.
What’s News in Publishing. (2019, December 4). Retrieved from WNP: https://whatsnewinpublishing.com/neuroscience-explains-how-fake-news-works-and-what-publishers-can-learn/
Youth Online YeYuan. (2018, July 25). Fake news creates real life in India. Retrieved from Youth Online: http://qnck.cyol.com/html/2018-07/25/nw.D110000qnck_20180725_1-03.htm