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Photo by Matthew Pilachowski on Unsplash

Herbs and spices have been used for centuries as food flavoring and as medicine.[1] While plenty of herbs have mild benefits, others have actually been proven to either treat or even prevent certain types of cancer. Colorectal cancer is second leading cause of cancer death in the Western world and the third most common cancer in the world.[2] Chemotherapy has always been associated with harmful side effects that not only can worsen a patient’s quality of life, but can also cause patients to refuse further chemotherapy. In this article, we will go over the top six safe herbal supplements that have evidence to support their use in treating or preventing colon cancer. …


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Photo by National Cancer Institute on Unsplash

A simplified answer is that cancer is a disease that occurs when cells divide rapidly and in an uncontrolled manner. Cancer cells do not behave as healthy cells do. They are able to divide quickly and evade the body’s control mechanisms for regulating cell division. Cancer cells also escape the body’s natural detection abilities for identification of faulty cells. This means that they live much longer than they should and are able to replicate, creating more and more cancer cells. But where do these cancer cells come from in the first place?

Cancer cells are the product of normal cells that have genetic mutations in which the cell’s DNA becomes damaged or altered. The development of cancer cells is a process that takes time and occurs in multiple stages. The first stage, called initiation, involves genetic mutation of the healthy cell by an initiator. In this stage, DNA change occurs, making a once healthy cell more susceptible to the next stage. The second stage, promotion, involves the unregulated reproduction of cells. The damaged cells bypass the body’s usual process for creation of new cells and replicate quickly, without limitation, ultimately leading to tumors. The final step in creation of cancer cells, and ultimately malignant cancer, is called progression. This step involves changes in the DNA of the cells that favor rapid growth, capacity to invade nearby tissues, and ability spread to other locations, or metastasize. …


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Photo by Verena Böttcher on Unsplash

Tea is the most widely consumed beverage worldwide.[1] Tea, especially green tea, contains compounds called flavonoids that have antioxidant properties. Antioxidants are chemicals that protect your body against damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are products that are formed in your body as a result of your body’s natural processes. Free radicals can also be formed if you are exposed to chemicals such as cigarette smoke or household chemicals. A few examples of free radicals include hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion.[2]

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate, also known as EGCG, is one of the most important compounds found in green tea. EGCG has a role in many types of cancer including: breast, skin, lung, prostate, liver, colorectal, and pancreatic. The way that EGCG, and green tea extract as a whole, protects against certain types of cancers can vary but we will discuss a few mechanisms in detail. …

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