Human societies have been evolving over centuries, constantly replacing the previous with innovation from man. One of the first types of societies was hunting and gathering, a culture depending on foraging for plant edibles and hunting game for food. These early humans relied heavily on their immediate environment for food and shelter, thereby forcing them to relocate often, or being nomadic (Introduction to Sociology, 2015, pg 76). Next came pastoral societies, relying on livestock for resources. Pastoralism is where humans started become less nomadic due to livestock constraints. Then horticulture, a society in which fruits, vegetables and plants are cultivated as an important food resource. Again, making people less nomadic due to the demands for the land. Agriculture is when societies started becoming much larger causing a demand for more production. Thus the agricultural society is where humans really started developing larger communities like towns and depending for certain resources like grain, wheat, corn and rice (Introduction to Sociology, 2015, pg 78). Once the industrial revolution happened machines started replacing certain job roles, but thereby increasing production and being able to transfer goods more efficiently. Larges cities started to emerge as population increased and humans developed a bureaucratic form of organization. Now, postindustrial can be considered a lot more comfortable, relying on specific people for resources, technology and selling services (Introduction to Sociology, 2015, pg 79). Valuing education, knowledge and technology humans try to keep solving and innovation society with science.
Personally, I am a big admirer of the postindustrial society. I like the developing technology, even though sometimes it gets a bad reputation of making people more vulnerable to different types of threats. In saying that, it also provides different types of jobs to solve those threats. Same can go for medicine, even though the correlation of population density and disease people are studying to become doctors to solve these types of threats. I value the point our society makes on education and solving the world’s problems.
I probably identify with Marx’s first manuscript, the estranged labor type of alienation. Sometimes I do feel as though more powerful societies stem as a frustration for lot of people who work providing goods or a service. So much demand can be placed on people who work towards the bottom of a corporation or labor hierarchy and over time not getting needed compensation (fair wages, benefits, accreditation) can infuriate someone (Estranged Labour, 1884, pg 2,3). Personally, working my way through college and even starting a business I feel frustrated.
I would say I have a lot of different statuses in my life. Being an exercise therapist is one of my achieved statuses that would also have a role-set. I play the role of a person who is considerate of their well-being both mentally and physically and I take that role very seriously. Sometimes that means motivating a client who is going through a divorce or teaching a client nutrition basics. I am also a girlfriend to someone I’ve been with for 5 years which also has some role-sets as well. Although I am not a parent, I do have two huskies and they require a lot of my attention. Employee, student, volunteer, I think I have quite a few roles to fill which sometimes leads to a role-strain (Introduction to Sociology, 2015, pg 91).