Lately, the control over the world wide web and personal data of users has almost completely passed into the hands of several large corporations. A new concept of the decentralization for the Web 3.0 network shall correct this situation, moreover this idea already has supporters among the Internet creators. Let’s try to understand what is the basis of the Web 3.0 term and what are its differences from its predecessor Web 2.0.
The visionary ideologist Tim O’Reilly in the distant 2005 already foresaw the development of many sites that will be united by certain general principles, with the trend towards socialization. Later this phenomenon was called Web 2.0.
A characteristic feature of Web 2.0 is the attraction of a large number of users to filling and reconciling different kinds of information. At the same time, all this global exchange of information flows takes place with enormous speed. That is how various kinds of social networks, blog platforms, wiki-projects have been developed. The most popular of them are Wikipedia, Flickr and Facebook. Please note, that time the question of the materials’ reliability and objectivity did not stand.
It was an era known as Read-Write-Publish era, which had the blazing spread speed of information. And as a result, the number of Internet users, according to UN estimates, have increased from 738 million in 2005 to 3.2 billion in 2017. That, in turn is a huge amount of data and publicly available personal information. All these data are stored in centralized servers. The most impressive and popular repositories are Amazon, Facebook and Twitter. Personality of a person, his manner of viewing information, income, interests, details of a credit card, etc. have become a valuable asset that can be bought and sold. That’s what advertisers do, which annually spent billions of dollars on these data.
Monopolized private networks have emerged, for example, Facebook, Uber and Airbnb. Already at this stage, they began to look for a Web 2.0 replacement, a website in which there will be more “person” and privacy. In which the power and data will be returned to the rightful owners — users.
A new era, the evolution of Web 3.0, arises
The concept of the Internet Web 3.0 implies the combination of the best aspects from Web 1.0 and Web 2, with generating content and upgrading it by site users. Users will create and certify their own content: tag everything that deserves the attention of their like-minded people. For example, based on your opinion about the book you read or the movie you watched, you get a list of those whose interests coincide with yours as close as possible. Search by keywords will be conducted by living people, specialists in their fields of knowledge, with whom there is possibility to start a dialogue.
With Web 3.0, the user will only receive first-class cross-platform Web services that blur the boundaries between desktops and web applications.
Since there will be no central control point in Web 3.0, no government or organization will be able to remove the site, as well as no one will be able to control the other.
From all of the above, we can conclude that Web 3.0 is in a way mix of social network and OS. This serves as a “bridge” between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0, where the expert is a living person who has earned his position by hard work within the community.
Such projects as Steemit, AKASHA, and ZONTO have already begun to develop basing content on the Web 3.0 platform. And soon they will share the entire Internet market, and moreover, they will replace all projects built on Web 2.0.