Technological development in the digital era has an impact on the social aspects, which make it easier to share information and data transfer from one user to another. However, along with its development, some parties don’t use it wisely. We can see that with increased anonymity and frequent offence of personal data.
In the Indonesian law system, privacy rights are derogable rights, which means can be reduced fulfilment. The government make serious efforts to construct regulations about personal data. Personal data is related to someone’s privacy and high-value asset that need to be protected. But, Indonesia doesn’t have one specific regulation because it is still scattered in several laws, such as Consumer Protection Law, Banking Law, Electronic Transaction Law, etc.
To more know about this, we can look and do a comparison at some countries in the world. They have regulations that are useful for regulating the personal data of an individual. One of the countries that have enforced rules in data protection and privacy is Japan, namely the Act on Protection of Personal Information. This regulation was adopted in 2003 and made Asia’s first data protection. The Act on Protection of Personal Information (APPI) includes rights protection, individual interests, and appropriate policy to use personal information.
The urgency why Indonesia needs a specific regulation is because in Indonesia there’s still many cases of abuse and various kinds of complaint concern the privacy of other people that carried out by irresponsible parties. Not only that, without the regulation on the protection of personal data, it’s not able to provide a balance between data owners and business people or agencies to obtain data.
To face this problem, the government has constructed a draft law related to the issue, namely the Personal Data Protection Bill (RUU PDP) that contains 15 chapters with 72 articles which consist of explanations regarding personal data, types of personal data, rights and obligations as data controllers, etc. If finally promulgated, it gives good hope to improve the issue, such as avoiding intimidation of crime in cyberspace, the potential for defamation, limiting the chance use of human rights access by several works units. Then, for an individual, this bill can create a conducive environment, have full awareness, and be careful when delivering personal data on a digital platform.
Despite this, this is also the concern and responsibility of an individual, community, government role for maintaining data and using it wisely and manifest convenience for various parties.