Elizabeth Holberton — Inventor of Breakpoints
Our second pioneer is no other than Elizabeth “Betty” Holberton, one of the six original programmers of the ENIAC.
Our last article ended with Ada Lovelace being in dismay for having to deal with debugging programs, something that Lovelace did all in her head! A century later and provided with a working computer, it was Holberton who devised a way to poke into the innards of the electronic brain, to see its state and be able to debug it.
So how did that technique that she invented actually work? Why is it called breakpoint?
Because we actually did pull the wire to stop the programs so we could read the accumulators off. This was, I mean we actually broke the point, and that was where the word came from. — Elizabeth Holberton
So there we have it: Real programmers actually pull wires out of the computers to debug their programs ;-)
All jokes aside, this is pretty amazing, and this shows the determination these women had to solve problems.
What where they debugging? The Heun’s Equation which according to Holberton, wasn’t entered correctly into the machine. How did they realize that? They had human computers do the calculations! They used those results to compare with the results returned by the ENIAC. So there’s your testing from back in the day!
Let’s end the article with a funny anecdote by Holberton, about how they debugged a program that was failing.
They noticed that earlier a man had brought some visitors to showcase the ENIAC. Once they left, the program started giving wrong results. So Holberton and her colleagues debugged the problem in real detective fashion. Here’s in her own words:
So we figured out where he had been standing, you know, and I remember him standing in front of one of the accumulators, I mean in front of the function table, and he was shorter than the function table and I figured out just about where his hand would be and we started checking with our sheets as to any switches that were turned, and sure enough he had turned a switch and didn’t turn it back.
Word of advice: always leave the switches in the same position as you found them! Until tomorrow!
Advent Calendar — Help us make it a book!
From December 1st until December 24th we plan to release one article each day, highlighting the life of one of the many women that have made today’s computing industry as amazing as it is: From early compilers to computer games, from chip design to distributed systems, we will revisit the lives of these pioneers.
Each article will come with an amazing illustration by @SebastianNavasF.
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- Illustration: Sebastián Navas
- Jean J. Bartik (1924-) and Frances E. (Betty) Snyder Holberton interview: April 27, 1973. National Museum of American History. http://amhistory.si.edu/archives/AC0196_bart730427.pdf