All about plastic and polymer company LG Chemicals — the factory where the terrible gas tragedy occurred
Morning of May 07, 2020, brought a terrible tragedy for people of India’s port city Visakhapatnam on the Bay of Bengal. The city is popularly known as Vizag, it is a prominent industrial center in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
The residents of areas around the LG Polymer factory woke up feeling dizzy, uncomfortable, with headaches and fatigue.
The reason was a deadly gas leak from LG Polymer factory and the culprit was Styrene, a chemical that is primarily used in the production of polystyrene plastics, rubber, latex, resins, automobile parts, toys, and lots of other items. Sudden and short-term exposure of Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, can affect the central nervous system (CNS), causing headache, fatigue, weakness, and depression. The trigger of the gas leak was a brakdown of a particular equipment, which caused the temperature to rise and the organic compound styrene — normally a liquid — to vaporise.
Shortly after the gas leak, scenes of residents fleeing the area, unconscious children laying on roads, disoriented people being carried by security forces in their arms, ambulances, and bikes rushing indisposed people to hospitals, were seen. The sight is reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy when a gas leak from the Union Carbide plant left around 3,500 dead and many injured — infamously known as the world’s deadliest industrial disaster.
At the time of writing this article, there are reports of 10+ deaths, hundreds of people hospitalized, and thousands of other sick with mild to severe symptoms. More than 10000 people have been asked to evacuate from the nearby areas, roughly in the 7-kilometer radius.
Long term implications: Styrene is carcinogenic and has several long-term impacts other than immediate symptoms.
- Survivors of styrene gas exposure may face reproductive and developmental problems. Styrene gas is reported to be among the causes of cancers of blood and skin.
- The gas leak will also affect the flora and fauna of the nearby areas.
- Environment experts point out that groundwater in the area including borewells may get contaminated due to the gas leak. (Meghadrigedda reservoir that supplies water to the city is less than 2km away)
Brief History of the LG Polymer
The company started as “Hindustan Polymers” in 1961 at the Indian eastern coastal town of Visakhapatnam for manufacturing Polystyrene and its Co-polymers.
In 1997, South Korean battery maker LG Chemical took over Hindustan Polymers through 100% takeover and the company was renamed as LG Polymers India Private Ltd (LGPI).
Currently, LGPI is one of the leading manufacturers of Polystyrene, Expandable Polystyrene, and Engineering plastic.
- Expandable Polystyrene is widely used for electrical and electronics packaging, cold storage, boxes for agricultural & fishery products, construction, pattern casting, insulation boards, and disposables.
- Engineering plastic is lighter than general plastics and it is used as an industrial raw material for automobiles and electronic parts.
As per reports, the company did not had the environmental clearance for its petrochemical plant for the period of its operations between 1997 and 2019, and there are strong indications of misreporting in getting the necessary approvals.
Interestingly if you read a few lines from their website, which surprisingly give the “Quality Policy ( IMS )” and “Environment, Health & Safety” information right on the Home page. The words sound so ironic now.
“Ensuring a safe working environment for all the employees including contract workers.” and “Ensuring that our neighbouring community is not put to inconvenience.”
We have taken a screenshot for reference.
First and foremost, we hope that impacted people soon recover from this unfortunate incident.
Secondly, the investigations will happen, but should you treat this as another tragedy and leave it just like that? Should you punish a few low level employees and forget about it? Should you blame the government for not ensuring the safety of the people? Questions are many and answers are few. It is extremely critical for companies/factories to strictly comply with rules, have a better monitoring system, leverage technology for automating the procedures and make provision for strong safety measures. The watchdogs and authorities have their own role in terms of compliance, audit and enforce adherence.
Whether is was Bhopal gas tragedy, Chernobyl nuclear accident, or more recent Deepwater Horizon oil spill, big tragedies happen and more often they leave an impregnable impact on people’s lives. This is not about one country, or one company, or one individual.
As a citizen of the society, we should not wait before it strikes us or our loved ones, we should start questioning those in charge, ask them to become more responsible & accountable, and also seek reprimands for those who don’t abide.
Originally published at http://changestarted.com on May 7, 2020.