2017 Design Census: Participation

An introductory look at AIGA and Google’s newly released data-set surveying designers in 2017.

Archie Bagnall
Feb 28, 2018 · 6 min read

Introduction

For a six-week period during November and December 2017, AIGA, the professional association for design, and Google partnered to survey the US Design Industry in their second annual Design Census. Just over 13,000 people participated, and the information they gathered is now freely available for all to explore at https://designcensus.org/

Before diving headfirst into the finer details of the data-set it’s important to orient ourselves with context. A high-level overview of who participated allows us to be aware of both strengths and shortcomings present in this year’s results. Doing so can help shield us from our biases and our temptation to cherry-pick from the data.


Participation Breakdown

Total Participants (before data cleaning): 13,158
Total Participants (after data cleaning): 10,257
A complete data-cleaning methodology can be found at the end of this piece.

Figure 1A:
2017 Design Census, Total Participants, US Regions

Regional participation numbers reveal encouraging facts:

Figure 1B:
2017 Design Census, Total Participants, US States

State-level participation numbers reveal discouraging facts:


Average Salary Breakdown

Figures 2A and 2B:
2017 Design Census, Average Salaries Heatmaps, US Regions & States

Being mindful of the fact that year-two data won’t yet reveal design industry gospel truths, the 2018 Design Census Salary Averages suggest:


Breakdown of Non-White Participants

It does a disservice to the topic of racial diversity to be so binary, but the term ‘non-white’ is suitably descriptive of what data is being visualized in Figure 3.

Figures 3A and 3B:
2017 Design Census, Total Non-White Participants, US Regions & States

A high-level view of Design Census data on race and ethnicity shows:


Breakdown of LGBTQ Participants

Figures 4A and 4B:
2017 Design Census, Total LGBTQ Participants, US Regions & States

Examining segmented data of people who identified as members of the LGBTQ community suggests:

It’s important to note when studying today’s Race and Ethnicity and LGBTQ data, that the numbers cannot yet be considered to fully represent these communities, and should only be viewed as a snapshot. Diversity in Design is a leading area of focus for AIGA and other design associations active today, so we can assume to see these participation totals grow in future years. There is work to be done here.


Conclusion: Just the Beginning

Speaking personally, as a designer and AIGA chapter President, it’s easy to notice the changing landscape that the design industry and its communities experience every day. This growing Design Census data is a compelling catalyst for important dialogues and questions Designers should be having.

This piece only scratches the surface, but 2017's data presents encouragement and challenge for both the surveyor and the surveyed. Although it’s exciting and satisfying to see the Design Census grow in maturity and size compared to its 2016 sibling, there is a mounting need for the survey to advance in its ability to consistently reach Design communities across the US.

Thankfully, AIGA have made a long-term commitment to being a leading source of design industry data, and the Census is one of two major efforts in 2018. The second is a study called “The Designer of 2025” — a view of meta trends affecting designers today — and will be available later this spring.

In a similar piece compiled for last year’s census, I concluded “even with a sample size of 100,000 it would be difficult to make definitive conclusions from this information until there’s 3–5 years of data to draw accurate trends from”. This remains true, but not as a mark that devalues the importance and significance of the Design Census initiative. As data for years three and four are gathered it will be imperative to focus on reaching areas currently under-represented in the data.

In the meantime, we need to learn clearly where the under-represented areas of the data are. Download it here and start exploring: https://designcensus.org/


Archie Bagnall is a Designer, Writer, and In-House lead based in Southern California, and is current President of AIGA Orange County.

You can visit his website here: http://archiebagnall.co.uk/
Or subscribe to his infrequent newsletter here:
http://eepurl.com/ckWBIT


Data Cleaning Methodology

  1. Creating location heat-maps is dependent on participants answering the optional census question to provide their zip-code. Of the 13,158 who participated 2,382 (18%) chose not to share their location.
  2. Of the 306 entries missing annual salary information, only 1 claimed to be currently employed. The remaining 305 data points were given an annual salary of $0.
  3. To help remove outliers, all participants who fell into the 1st ($0) and 99th ($216,000 and above) percentiles of annual income were cleaned from the data — a total of 518 people.
  4. After cleaning, the final data-set contained 10,257 entries.

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