Startups and incumbents are investing massive amounts of money into AI (approximately $35 billion in 2019 according to IDC). As these AI models become increasingly effective, some businesses are facing a new problem: they can’t use them. Why? Well, the majority of these AI models are considered “black boxes”, meaning that there is no way to determine how the algorithm came to its decision. While that may be okay for companies in industries like gaming or retail, it certainly is not acceptable for companies that operate in heavily regulated industries like financial services or healthcare. Fortunately, there are numerous explainability…


Thanks for clicking. This article kicks off a brand new series for me. In it, I’m going to be diving into one of the most important areas of the tech ecosystem: artificial intelligence. My plan is to spend the next few posts walking through several of the most promising AI sub-sectors (natural language processing, neural networks, computer vision, etc.). These articles are intended to give the reader a general understanding of how the tech works, how it can be applied, and which startups are implementing it into their products.

As the title indicates, we’re going to start with Natural Language…


Over the past few years, interest in blockchain technology has sky-rocketed. As a result, an immense amount of time and money has been funneled towards creating the “killer blockchain” or the “killer DApp”. In fact, IDC expects there to be over $2.9 billion of global blockchain spending in 2019! Unfortunately, these blockchain projects are all being built in a vacuum. Dev teams have been creating their own protocols with their own consensus algorithms, their own validator pools, and their own custom applications. This siloed approach is detrimental for blockchain security, efficiency, and user experience (I mean who wants to manage…


Thanks for tuning in! This article wraps up my series on blockchain privacy by breaking down one of the most exciting new projects in the space: Dusk. In this post, I’m focusing specifically on the four areas that I consider to be the most important when evaluating an early-stage blockchain project: (i) market opportunity, (ii) technology, (iii) team/community, and (iv) economics. This article goes pretty deep into each of these topics so I’d encourage you to jump around and read whatever sections seem most interesting to you!

Also, if you enjoy this article and would like to have future posts…


The world is headed for a future dominated by the Internet of Things. As an Internet of Things enabler, IOTA opens a door for the management of climate change.

IOTA homepage Image-iota.org

The world of blockchain opened up to humanity through the bitcoin innovation. Over the course of the last decade, humanity has seen the workings of the POW algorithm, which drives bitcoin. As an energy-intensive algorithm, POW has drawn flakes globally. IOTA happens to be a project that operates outside on the normal crypto mining narrative.

IOTA is firstly Environment-friendly

Unlike most crypto, IOTA is pre-mined, and all the coins needed are already created and known…


Welcome back! This article continues my series on blockchain privacy. In recent articles, I’ve argued that privacy protocols are essential for token fungibility and crypto adoption and have provided a comprehensive analysis on the top privacy coin by market cap, Monero.

In this post, I’m planning to dive a little deeper on another top-three privacy coin: ZCash. Also, following this article, I’m planning to wrap up the series by discussing the Dusk protocol, which is an exciting project that is attempting to bring privacy to STOs. If you’re enjoying these posts and want future posts sent to your email, please…


Thanks for tuning in! This post is part of a broader series on blockchain technology. In prior posts, I’ve provided an overview of blockchain’s history and have explained how protocols, DApps and ICOs work.

Recently, I’ve turned my attention to the issue of blockchain privacy. My last article laid out an argument for why we need privacy coins and discussed how they may evolve in the future. My next few posts will get a bit more technical and break down how the top privacy protocols work, starting with Monero. Also, if you’re enjoying these posts and want future posts sent…


This post is part of a broader series on blockchain technology. In prior posts, I’ve discussed the historical context of blockchain networks and have provided detailed explanations of protocols, DApps, and ICOs.

In my next few posts, I’m going to slightly shift gears and discuss the issue of privacy. This article will examine what it means to have privacy on the blockchain and provide an argument for why we need it. In follow-up posts, I’ll explain how the top privacy protocols work and debate the pros and cons of each. Alright, enough of the overview, let’s dive in!

What does it mean to have “privacy” on the blockchain?

In recent…


This post is part of a three part series on blockchain. In Part 1, I walked through the history of both the modern internet and blockchain technology. In Part 2, I’ve focused on explaining how the technology works, including articles on blockchain protocols, decentralized applications, and this post on initial coin offerings.

In Part 3, I plan to highlight a few of the most attractive areas for investment in the space. If you’ve enjoyed these posts and want to see more VC-related content, please follow my publication on twitter! Alright, enough of the overview, let’s dive in.

Initial Coin Offerings (aka ICOs)

I’m sure you’ve…


This post is part of a three part series on blockchain. Part 1 included two posts that walked through the history of both the modern internet and blockchain technology.

Part 2 is focused on how the technology works and will include one post on blockchain protocols (which you can find here), this post on decentralized applications, and a third post on the process of raising capital through initial coin offerings. Part 3 will then highlight a few of the most attractive areas for investment in the space. If you’ve enjoyed these posts and want to see more VC-related content, please…

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