Dermabrasion Procedure for Acne, Scars, surgical dermabrasion

Dermabrasion helps to “refinish” the skin’s top layers through a method of controlled surgical scraping. The treatments soften the sharp edges of surface irregularities, giving the skin a smoother appearance. Dermabrasion is most often used to improve the look of facial skin left scarred by accidents or previous surgery, or to smooth out fine facial wrinkles. It’s also sometimes used to remove the pre-cancerous growths called keratoses. Also commonly used to treat deep acne scars.

Both Dermabrasion and Derma planning can be performed on small areas of skin or on the entire face. They can be used alone, or in conjunction with other procedures such as facelift, scar removal or revision, or chemical peel.

Principle Dermabrasion is a type of Surgical Skin Planning that has been in practice for many years (before the advent of lasers) and involves the controlled deeper abrasion (wearing away) of the upper to mid layers of the skin with any variety of strong abrasive devices including a wire brush, diamond wheel or fraise, sterilized sandpaper, salt crystals, or other mechanical means.

The purpose of Surgical Dermabrasion is to help diminish the appearance of deeper scars and skin imperfections. Often the goal is to smooth the skin and in the process, remove small scars (as from acne), uneven skin tone from scars or birthmarks, sun damage, tattoos, age spots, Stretch marks] or fine wrinkles.

Procedure The areas to be treated are cleaned and marked. A local anesthetic is usually used to numb the skin before treatment, and ice packs are applied to the skin for up to 30 minutes. A freezing (cryogenic) spray may sometimes be used to harden the skin for deeper abrasions if the anesthetic and ice packs do not make the skin firm enough.

Focus Areas Dermabrasion is used to treat damage and defects in the upper layers of the skin.

  • Acne scars: Removing and improving the appearance of acne scars are the most common uses for dermabrasion.
  • Scars caused by surgery or trauma, if they are not deep.
  • Superficial skin growths, such as Rhinophyma. On rare occasions, dermabrasion may be used to treat small cysts, epidermal nevi, some basal cell skin cancers, or Bowen’s disease.
  • Tattoos
  • Color changes in the skin (Solar Lentigines or Melasma).
  • Fine lines and wrinkles around the mouth.

Benefits In general, Dermabrasion results in a smooth, even skin texture and gives scarred skin a more uniform appearance.

  • Dermabrasion is effective in improving superficial or nearly flat acne scars. Deeper, pitted acne scars may require another form of treatment (such as punch grafting, elevation, or excision) in addition.
  • Scars from surgery or injury may be improved when dermabrasion is done 8 to 12 weeks after the surgery or injury (although most new scars will heal and fade somewhat on their own for the first 6 months or so).
  • Some superficial growths on the skin can be completely removed, but they are rarely treated using Dermabrasion.
  • Color changes in the skin can be improved, especially when Dermabrasion is used with a bleaching agent and tretinoin (Retin-A), which can enhance the bleaching agent’s effects.
  • Dermabrasion does not have a dramatic effect on deeper wrinkles, but it may improve fine wrinkles around the mouth and eyes.
  • The removal of scars, growths on the skin, and tattoos using dermabrasion is permanent.

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