What is Front-end Development (in plain english)?
If you are confused about what front-end development is, let’s try to demystify it in plain English with no programming jargons.
“A website is an animated and interactive newspaper.”
When you are looking at a website, say Facebook, you are essentially looking at a newspaper, or more precisely an animated and interactive newspaper.
An editor structures the content of a newspaper with layouts. For a website, a developer defines a website’s layout with HTML (HyperText Markup Language). In 1991, a British computer scientist, Tim-Berners Lee, invented the first website in the world. The first website mainly consists of plain text and links, and it has no stylings, such as colours, fonts and positioning.
A newspaper with merely a plain layout would be boring and undifferentiated, so newspapers are applied with styles. For a website, a developer defines a website’s stylings with CSS (Cascading Style Sheets).
CSS allows you to specify the exact styling at the exact place on your website, so you can make it look the way you want it. Just to name a few, you can specify the following stylings of your websites with CSS:
- Positions of any elements
- Borders; amount of space inside / outside the border line (we call them margins and paddings)
- Font: colour, weight, style, size, line height
“With HTML and CSS, you can make a good-looking static website.”
With HTML and CSS, you can make a good-looking static website, just like how you can make a good-looking image with photoshop. We call them static websites because they are not interactive and their contents don’t dynamically change (ie. no matter what you do to a newspaper, its content cannot dynamically change).