ViewModels and LiveData: Patterns + AntiPatterns

Jose Alcérreca
Sep 12, 2017 · 8 min read

Views and ViewModels

Distributing responsibilities

Typical interaction of entities in an app built with Architecture Components

View references in ViewModels

ViewModels persist configuration changes

Observer Pattern

Typical subscription from an activity or fragment.

Fat ViewModels

Using a data repository

Dealing with data state

Saving activity state


LiveData<String> snackbarMessage = new MutableLiveData<>();
snackbarMessage.setValue("Item saved!");

Leaking ViewModels

Observer pattern in the UI and callbacks in the data layer
The activity is finished but the ViewModel is still around

LiveData in repositories

Transformations example [source]

Extending LiveData

When not to extend LiveData

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