We recommend Material Design Components
Your app exists alongside other apps installed on a user’s phone. We therefore recommend that applications follow the Material Design guidelines to ensure that apps operate consistently, that patterns learned in one app can be used in another.
Android users expect your app to look and behave in a way that’s consistent with the platform. You should follow material design guidelines for visual and navigation patterns… — d.android.com/design
To implement this, use the Material Design Components (MDC) library. This blog post outlines the many benefits of using MDC, explaining why it’s our recommended solution.
MDC provides styled versions of standard widgets making it easy to implement Material styling. For example Material offers styled versions of
CheckBoxes and more. If you use a
MaterialComponents theme, then Material widgets will be instantiated instead of the stock components when you inflate a layout (by MDC’s View Inflater) so it’s easy to achieve Material styling without having to make large updates to your layouts:
All Material widgets extend their relevant
AppCompat counterparts so they benefit from the same backported functionality or bug fixes.
Material widgets offer extra styling and functionality over their platform or
AppCompat counterparts, for example
MaterialButton offers a number of different display styles :
As well as adding to existing widgets, MDC offers a number of new widgets, not available in the platform or
AppCompat. You’ve likely seen Bottom Navigation, Bottom Sheet and Floating Action Buttons but might not have come across Chips, Date Picker or Time Picker.
For a complete list of components offered by the library, see the components section here.
Material Theming is a systematic way to customize Material Design to reflect your product’s brand. A Material Theme comprises color, typography and shape attributes. Customizing these will be automatically reflected in the components you use to build your app.
You can think of Material Theming as a design system for creating design systems 🤯. You configure the color, type and shape inputs and get out a complete design system for your brand.
Nick Rout goes in depth into each of the three sub-systems in the following posts:
MDC widgets implement Material’s dark theme guidance, with many widgets adapting their colors to dark themes and offering elevation overlays to communicate elevation when shadows don’t read.
Chris Banes goes in depth about MDC’s dark theme support in this article:
Material Motion 🆕
Material Design provides guidance for screen transitions. Better than guidance alone, MDC now implements these patterns as Transitions ready to be dropped into your app.
Hunter Stich introduces you to the material motion library in this post:
Jetpack Compose is Android’s next-generation UI toolkit, currently in alpha. While it is not yet stable, it will offer an implementation of material components and material theming. Adopting MDC now will prepare your codebase for later adopting Jetpack Compose — it uses the same concepts, design vocabulary and components. It even becomes possible to ease your migration with libraries like MDC-Android Compose Theme Adapter which converts an MDC XML theme into a Compose MaterialTheme.
Hopefully it’s clear to see why we recommend building Android UI with Material Design Components. We’ve recently updated the
File > New Project template in Android Studio to use MDC and set up a material theme for you, making it even easier to get started. If you haven’t already migrated to MDC, then check out our migration guide: