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Forest residues as bioresources in circular bioeconomy

Wood fuel production by country (FAOSTAT 2022).
Common types of wood fuel (FAO 2022).

Forest/wood residues

World production of wood residues in 2020 was evaluated by FAO to be almost 233 million m3 (FAOSTAT 2022).

Valorisation of the residues

What is the hold-back?


  1. Thiffault E., Beaulieu L.D. (2021): Using wood residues for energy as part of a bioeconomy transition. FAO, 62nd Session of the Advisory Committee on Sustainable Forest-based Industries (ACSFI).
  2. FAO (2022): Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox.
  3. Tripathi N., Hills C.D., Singh R.S., Atkinson C.J. (2019): Biomass waste utilisation in low-carbon products: harnessing a major potential resource. Nature Partner Journals, Climate and Atmospheric Science; doi: 10.1038/s41612–019–0093–5
  4. Kuhn A.C. (2021): Forest residue and waste utilisation within a circular bioeconomy: Assessing non-energy utilisation alternatives in the Fort St. John timber supply area. MSc. Royal Roads University.
  5. Koopmans A., Koppejan J. (1997): Agricultural and Forest residues — Generation, Utilisation and Availability. FAO.
  6. FAOSTAT (2022): Forestry production and trade.
  7. FAO (2022): Global Forest Resources Assessments webpage.
  8. Gregg J.S., Happel M.K., Andersen N.S. Tanner A.N., Bolwig S., Klitkou A. (2020): Valorization of bio-residuals in the food and forestry sectors in support of a circular bioeconomy: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production 267: 122093. And the references within.
  9. d’Espiney A., Marques I.P., Pinheiro H.M. (2021): Case Study: Pathways from Forest to Energy in a Circular Economy at Lafões. In: Forest Biomas, Gonçalves A.C., Sousa C. & Malico I. (Eds.), InTech Open; doi: 10.5772/intechopen.93070

Read more about Circular bioeconomy and Bioresources in Anteja’s blogs:



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Maja Berden Zrimec

Maja Berden Zrimec

PhD in biology, content writer, senior researcher and project manager, algae expert