Simplifying Navigation with the Coordinator Pattern in Swift

Deepak Carpenter
Published in
2 min readMay 31, 2023

In complex iOS applications, managing navigation flow and coordinating multiple view controllers can become challenging. The Coordinator pattern offers a structured and scalable solution to address these concerns. In this blog post, we will dive into the Coordinator pattern in Swift, exploring its concepts, benefits, and implementation. Through a detailed code example, you will learn how to leverage the Coordinator pattern to effectively manage navigation and maintain separation of concerns in your Swift projects.

Understanding the Coordinator Pattern:
We will begin by providing an overview of the Coordinator pattern and its core principles. You will gain an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of coordinators in managing navigation flow, handling view controller presentation, and facilitating communication between different modules of your application.

Implementing Coordinators:
Next, we will delve into the practical implementation of coordinators in Swift. We will discuss how to design and structure your coordinators, including creating a coordinator protocol, defining coordinator classes, and organizing navigation logic. You will learn how to decouple view controllers from navigation-related tasks by delegating responsibilities to dedicated coordinators.

Code Example:
Navigating a Sign-up Flow: To illustrate the power of the Coordinator pattern, let’s consider a sign-up flow in an app. Here’s an example implementation using the Coordinator pattern:

protocol SignUpCoordinatorDelegate: AnyObject {
func didSignUpSuccessfully()

class SignUpCoordinator: Coordinator {
weak var delegate: SignUpCoordinatorDelegate?

private let navigationController: UINavigationController

init(navigationController: UINavigationController) {
self.navigationController = navigationController

func start() {
let welcomeViewController = WelcomeViewController()
welcomeViewController.delegate = self
navigationController.pushViewController(welcomeViewController, animated: true)

func navigateToTermsAndConditions() {
let termsViewController = TermsViewController()
termsViewController.delegate = self
navigationController.pushViewController(termsViewController, animated: true)

func navigateToSignUpForm() {
let signUpViewController = SignUpViewController()
signUpViewController.delegate = self
navigationController.pushViewController(signUpViewController, animated: true)

// Handle successful sign-up and notify the delegate
func completeSignUp() {

// MARK: - WelcomeViewControllerDelegate
extension SignUpCoordinator: WelcomeViewControllerDelegate {
func didTapContinue() {

// MARK: - TermsViewControllerDelegate
extension SignUpCoordinator: TermsViewControllerDelegate {
func didAcceptTerms() {

// MARK: - SignUpViewControllerDelegate
extension SignUpCoordinator: SignUpViewControllerDelegate {
func didSignUp() {

Advanced Coordinator Techniques:
We will explore additional advanced techniques and best practices for working with coordinators, such as handling deep linking, managing dependencies, and supporting complex navigation scenarios. You will learn how to extend the Coordinator pattern to address specific requirements and maintain a clean and scalable architecture in your Swift projects.

The Coordinator pattern is a valuable tool in managing navigation flow and maintaining a clear separation of concerns in iOS applications. By adopting the Coordinator pattern in your Swift projects, you can achieve improved modularity, testability, and flexibility. you can confidently leverage the Coordinator pattern to navigate complex app flows and create well-structured, maintainable iOS applications.

Happy Coding!