AYS 7/11/22: ‘Selective disembarkation’ in Italy forces some rescued people back on board
Deportations and housing apartheid in Turkey // Three more bodies found in Greece // Update from ClickActive from Northern Serbia // People on the streets in Belgium as temperatures drop // Protests in the UK and much more…
NGOs take legal action against Italian interior minister’s decree to only disembark ‘vulnerable’ people
When we think of borders, we usually think of walls, either geographical, like the sea, or actual walls, such as those that are frequently built to prevent people from entering a specific state. But in the port of Catania, these days, borders are showing themselves for what they really are. A filter, a filter that imprints pain and trauma on the bodies of those who attempt to cross them.
In the decree of 4th November, signed by the new Minister of the Interior Piantedosi, NGO boats are forbidden to stay in Italian territorial waters longer than
“necessary for rescue and assistance operations to persons in emergency and precarious health conditions”
Only people who are considered ‘vulnerable’ are allowed to disembark. Having crossed the sea to find a safe place is not enough. ‘Selective disembarkation’: where the word ‘selective’ is scary, but it is what the borders are. Without this selectivity the concept of borders can’t survive: some people can enter and others can’t, but what’s the criteria? Where someone is from? Their gender? The colour of their skin? A person’s level of vulnerability cannot be decided remotely. This is supposed to be one of the functions of asylum interviews, and does not necessarily impact an asylum decision.
So, after 144 people were allowed off the Sos Humanity 1 boat, another 35 remained on board.
‘Residual cargo’ was the term used by Minister Piantedosi, as if these people were objects. There are still two ships in the port of Catania: the Ocean Viking with 234 people on board, and Rise Above with 90 people on board.
In a state of despair, some of the people who were not considered ‘vulnerable’, attempted to dive into the water rather than climb back on board.
“According to international law, a search and rescue operation ends with the landing of the survivors in a safe place. It is illegal to allow only a select few survivors to disembark. Moreover, rejecting all others outside national territorial waters constitutes a form of collective refoulement and thus violates both the European Convention on Human Rights and the non-refoulement principle of the Geneva Refugee Convention”
Said Mirka Schäfer, advocacy officer of the NGO Sos Humanity, as it is reported in the following article:
Le ong fanno ricorso contro lo sbarco selettivo dei migranti
La parola "selettivo" applicata alle persone suona inquietante. "Sono tedesca, non sono più tanto giovane e purtroppo…
For these reasons, rescue NGOs have appealed to the Regional Administrative Court (TAR). The captain of Sos Humanity stated:
“It is my duty to complete the rescue of people in distress by disembarking all survivors in the port of Catania as a safe haven. I cannot leave the port until all the people rescued from the emergency at sea have been disembarked”
While waiting for a response and a decision from the TAR about the issue, many activists and associations are denouncing the situation at the port, with assemblies and demonstrations.
Read more here about the legal action against Piantedosi in the decree of 4th November:
"SOS Humanity intraprende un'azione legale contro il Decreto del governo italiano" - Mediterranea
Pubblichiamo volentieri un aggiornamento della situazione nel porto di Catania e delle iniziative legali intraprese da…
And also in other cities:
Read more about the topic here:
Il grido dei naufraghi in ostaggio: aiutateci. Partono i ricorsi | il manifesto
I legali di Sos Humanity si rivolgono al tribunale di Catania e al Tar di Roma. La situazione sulle navi volge al…
And here it is explained why Italy is not welcoming people and not allowing them to disembark, with some questions and answers.
Deportations and housing apartheid
Since the beginning of the year, over 4,000 people have been deported from the removal centre in Edirne, making up 97,448 deportations in total. This represents an increase by 149 percent compared to the same period in 2021, according to the Directorate General of Migration Management. Turkey does not grant asylum to non-Europeans, and it is unclear if any attempt has been made to discover the level of risk these people face once returned to countries such as Syria.
At the same time, nearly 1,400 neighborhoods in 64 provinces have been declared “closed”. That is, foreigners of any nationality are prohibited from residing in them unless they were registered before the new measure was brought in or had purchased a home there.
Turkey is not a safe third country.
Three more bodies found
Three more people who lost their lives during the most recent shipwreck in the Aegean have been found off the coast of Karystos. Their identities are still unknown.
Alarm Phone advise relatives wanting information about the identities of the deceased or rescued persons to try contacting the Police Department of Karystos +30 22240 22262.
Update from ClickActive from Northern Serbia
In the north of Serbia, near the borders with Croatia, Hungary and Romania, our team has located and is present in 28 squats. They vary in size and currently there are smaller squats that count between 10 and 30 people, medium squats with between 80 and 130 people all the way to large squats that sometimes include 400–500 people.
Numerous police actions that have been intensified over the past few weeks due to EU pressure on Serbia due to the visa-free regime we had or still have with certain countries from which refugees come have led to many squats being higher Often “broken” and refugees transported to the Serbian border with Northern Macedonia. Regardless of that, old squats are filling up incredibly fast with new tenants who will try their luck in jumping over the fence at the Hungarian border on the same evenings, and new squats are nothing in places where refugees think they are being police and they won’t touch at least for a while until, they hope, they fail to cross the border with Hungary and enter Austria from where at least they will not be forcibly returned to Serbia — which is the case with every capture of refugees on Hungarian territory — they are robbed, beaten, ashamed and then pushed into Serbia as if the bottom of the country on whose territory they stepped into their own feet are not at all responsible for them, their safety and care.
In addition, the refugees are now, more than ever, precisely because of the indifference and indifference of the EU and Serbia states for their welfare, which is a special problem about which we will write more about in one of the next posts.
Our estimate is that currently in squats and private accommodation in the north of Serbia there are between 4,500 and 5,000 people, which could freely be called a humanitarian disaster and to what the competent institutions should respond as soon as possible with one humanitarian one and all with a great response that will take care of everyone’s welfare an individual who is currently somewhere outdoors in some cold squat in Serbia. — Click Active
Tents Cleared by Authorities
The Federal Care Agency (BBU), has decided that tents in the St. Georgen centre in the district of Vöcklabruck are to be vacated within three days and dismantled within seven days. Four mobile overnight containers will also be removed from the asylum registration office in Wels. This reduces the number of people on the move in the city to 30. It is not stated where those who were evicted were moved to.
People on the streets as temperatures drop
A lack of reception places means that an increasing number of people, including children, are sleeping on the streets. Humanitarian groups are raising concerns about the health risks that this poses including diphtheria and scabies. The Federal government has stated that it will supply 1,500 additional spaces but with no time frame.
The European Court of Human Rights has, for the first time, called for interim measures in relation to this crisis.
Some groups state that this year the total spaces needed will be up to 100,000 people, far lower than the federal government plan.
More info HERE.
Protests in UK calling for closure of Manston detention camp
Many groups came together at the weekend to protest against the conditions in Manston detention camp.
Migration is a fact of life and always has been. We want anyone who comes to the UK seeking sanctuary to feel welcomed and to be supported to rebuild their lives here — All African Woman Group
In an article published by Novara media, Joseph Maggs, a coordinator with SOAS Detainee Support, and Nadia Hasan, communications officer at the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, stated that:
We know the solutions to this government-created crisis, but our politicians refuse to listen. The reason why is clear. As its policies push more and more families into poverty, this government is increasingly keen to point the finger at refugees for a mess they themselves created.
Meanwhile, half of the people seeking asylum are unable to access legal aid. Despite the increase in numbers of asylum seekers 25,000 fewer legal aid cases opened in the last year.
European Parliament Scrutinises Frontex Surveillance Programme after BIRN Investigation | Balkan Insight Frontex’s plans to conduct mass surveillance at Europe’s borders have been frozen since June, following a cross-border investigation published by BIRN and a critical review of the programme by EDPS, the EU’s data protection watchdog.
Voices of Struggle — Alarm Phone “Voices of Struggle” is the title of this anniversary publication and we hope that the voices of the people on the move become amplified and widely listened to.
Immigration roundup podcast, October 2022 — Free Movement This month, Colin and Sonia talk politics, asylum, the statement of changes to the immigration rules and case law.
No access to justice — how legal advice deserts fail refugees, migrants and our communities.pdf There has never been a comprehensive examination of provision, across legal aid and free or low-cost non-legal services; much less an attempt to measure demand.
A generation lost: danger and desperation in Syria’s Al-Hol camp | MSF A new report by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) lays bare the cruelty of the long-term detainment of more than 50,000 people, the majority of whom are children, in Al-Hol, northeast Syria.
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