AYS News Digest 26/9/22: What will happen after the far-right win in Italy?
Increasing death rates in Home Office accommodation/Six people drowned in the Aegean, including four children/Case of the 2011 shipwreck has been re-opened in France/One woman believed to have died after being forced by border guards to swim back across the Świsłocz river in Poland/and much more…
Devastating far-right election win in Italy
As the results of the Italian elections arrive, more and more questions are piling up regarding how this will affect the migration policies of the country, but also those of the EU given that Italy, as one of the first entry countries, has an important say in everything concerning the topic at the highest level, consequently affecting everyone in the EU.
As part of the anti-immigration rhetoric, it seems that the obvious effects will very likely be those concerning securitisation. The use of AI and weapons, being developed in the name of national security, is a more comfortable position for all those spreading hate and disapproval towards people on the move in Italy and Europe and injustices in the everyday life and work of people across the country.
Another important aspect are the sea crossings. Already a sensitive topic in the political arena, we have no doubts the search and rescue activities of NGOs and humanitarians will be criminalised openly, and that the deaths in the sea will rise exponentially. As part of the campaign, they mentioned blocking boat landings and have introduced the idea of EU-managed centres to assess asylum applications before asylum seekers arrive in the EU.
The question is (how) the EU will be able and willing to respond and find a position on all this in spite of Italy’s firm political stance which is slowly, but seemingly surely, moving towards the vision the Hungarian president has for the European societies…
In addition to identifying cross-border pushbacks, Border Violence Monitoring Network collects evidence of physical, material, and structural violence against people on the move within Serbia. The quantitative and qualitative data included in this report were collected via a questionnaire from volunteers who interacted daily with people on the move in cities such as Belgrade, Subotica, Majdan, and Šid.
Additionally, information was drawn from the testimonies of people on the move and from the observations of long-term volunteers and activists, which collectively illustrate the complex factors influencing the well-being of people on the move.
Violence Within State Borders: Serbia — Border Violence Monitoring Network
This report is the product of the Border Violence Monitoring Networkʼs (BVMN) efforts to document violence occurring…
Through analysis of data collected in the field, the first section of this report discusses acts of physical violence against people on the move. The second examines violence at the hands of law enforcement officers and members of extremist right-wing political groups, while the third reports on instances of structural violence, a term that refers to the development or perpetuation of inequality by social institutions or processes.
Specific examples of structural violence reported by people on the move and the organizations which support them include restricted access to asylum, collective expulsions, evictions, harassment, and criminalization of solidarity.
A detailed timeline of Serbiaʼs development as a transit country and migration buffer zone for the Balkan route has been produced by BVMN. A summary of this information is included to better contextualize the subsequent reports of internal violence.
Read the full report HERE.
At least one group was forced by the Border Guard to return by swimming across the Świsłocz River
It is believed that a 30-year-old woman from Congo, called Arlette, may have drowned. The group she was travelling with lost sight of her when the woman began to drown.
Pushbacks and deaths in the Aegean
Six people have drowned in the Aegean, after being pushed back by the Hellenic Coastguard.
Four out of the six were children.
There will be a meeting on 22/10/22 at 3pm for those who want to be involved in supporting GVO with collecting testimonies from detainees and helping to fight against immigration detention.
The case of the 2011 shipwreck has been re-opened
In 2011, a boat carrying 72 asylum seekers was left adrift for two weeks off the coast of Libya. Sixty-three out of the 72 passengers died.
New evidence has triggered the reopening of the case. Survivors have claimed that they were abandoned and left adrift by the western military navy, including the French navy. The new evidence of this includes log books for all planes and ships in the area, a cross inquiry in Italy, Belgium, and Spain, among other information.
Increasing death rates in Home Office accommodation
In the first six months of 2022, there have been more deaths in Home Office accommodation than in the whole of 2021.
Last year, 19 people died, whereas from January to June 2022, already 21 people died. Most deaths were due to medical conditions, such as cancer, heart disease, and liver failure. Two people died from suicide. Three other deaths have yet to be confirmed.
Asylum seekers can end up in poor conditions, where there are leaks, regular power cuts, and infestations. The small spaces can also take a huge toll on their mental health, especially as they can end up waiting in such accommodation for months without knowing when they will be able to leave.
Private companies, including Clearsprings, Serco, and Mears Group, manage the Home Office accommodation.
These conditions show that profit is being prioritised over the welfare of residents. The Home Office is paying private companies to act as its slum lords. — Corporate Watch
It has been known for a while now that private companies should not be the responsible authorities when it comes to the welfare of individuals.
People, individuals and families, are held in semi-detention in hotels for months or years. They are given less than £9/week and forced to eat reheated crap or starve.
Staff control residents movements, search rooms and treat people as criminals. It would be unbearable for people without any trauma. This leads to ill health, self harm and suicide.
— Jacob Berkson, AlarmPhone
You can read the full article here.
Further delays in asylum claims were seen by residents at the Gatwick immigration removal centre who stated they were very anxious about the delays in their asylum cases and the lack of information being provided to them by the Home Office.
Some detainees were held for unacceptably long periods of time, including one who had been in the centre for 16 months. Case progression was slow in too many cases, although inspectors were pleased to see that the Home Office’s Detention Engagement Team had resumed face-to-face contact with detainees, and there were plans to introduce more wing-based surgeries. — Report by the HM Inspectorate of Prisons
The centre has also seen an increase in residents, resulting in overcrowded conditions, a lack of outdoor space, and more noise.
People kept ‘unacceptably long time’ at Gatwick immigration removal centre
That was one of the findings revealed in a report out this week following an inspection of the centre — Brook House …
No for the rights, but yes for the profits
In the face of a recession, Liz Truss, the UK’s new Prime Minister, has announced the government will expand the shortage occupation list which will allow businesses to hire overseas workers with less bureaucracy.
The hospitality sector in particular has struggled with employee intake and has felt frustrated with the lack of governmental response, especially in regard to the visa system.
- ‘Love, determination and risking all to cross the Mediterranean’, Al Jazeera, 25/9/2022
Love, determination and risking all to cross the Mediterranean
It was dark when Sadia*, 25, climbed from the Libyan beach into the little grey inflatable dinghy, together with her…
- ‘Coping Strategies: Domestic and International Courts in Times of Backlash’, VerfBlog, 26/9/22
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