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eXtendable-Output Functions (XOFs)

Our existing hashing functions are split into two main categories. The first is the cryptography hashes, such as MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256 and SHA-3 [here]. These are typically fast methods and which can take any amount of data as an input and produce a fixed hash output — a fingerprint of the data. The other type of hash is the non-cryptographic hash and these tend to be even faster than the cryptographic hashes, but have a lesser…

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