Top 5 Backend Programming Languages

Solomon Eseme
Dec 17, 2020 · 5 min read

Top 5 programming languages is more of a prediction towards 2021, highlighting the most popular backend programming languages you should consider learning in 2021.

Choosing a programming language to start learning or what to learn next can be daunting especially when you have an array of choices to choose from.

I’ll make the task easy for you by highlighting the languages that have or will gain a significant rise in demand come 2021.

The importance of backend programming languages for backend developers cannot be over-emphasized that’s why it’s important to choose the right one to learn or build your next project with.

Before I dive in, let me clear the air with some basic definitions so we are all on the same page, you’re free to skip through.

What is Programming Languages?

Programming languages are written languages that inform of instructions that instruct the computer on how to carry out specific tasks. It is used to implement a set of algorithms. Programming languages are what is used to develop software and computer programs.

What is Backend Development?

Backend Development is a term used to describe the behind the scene activities of an application, it is the communication link or middleman between the database and the browser.

If you need detailed explanations of backend development, I developed a complete guide to backend development article to guide you through.

Now that we have those out of the way, before we dive in, if you’re a backend developer or looking at delving into this career path, join other developers to receive daily articles on backend development that will boost your productivity.

Top 5 Backend Programming Languages 2021.

Let’s dive right into it.


Looking at the 2020 StackOverflow survey, we discovered that python as a programming language the Most Wanted programming language simply means that more people will be learning Python come 2021, Python is also the third Most Loved language which means that python has already gained popularity in the industry.

Python is known to be a programming language that allows you to work quickly and build efficient systems easier and faster.

Python posses as the easiest language to get started with and learning python opens doors to lot more careers with python you can learn machine learning, Data Science, and even Ai, etc.

If you’re interested in Web Development, then the open-source python framework called Django allows you to build just any type of web application with speed, performance, and security out of the box.

Python also has NumPy, TensorFlow, PyTorch, sci-kit-learn, SciPy packages for scientific computations, mathematics, and engineering, and also those interested in Machine Learning, Data Science, etc to easy getting started within their journey.


It’s impossible to become a developer these days without learning JavaScript but not TypeScript, so why the combination, don’t worry too much, I just combined them because they are like brother and sister.

JavaScript has become the go-to language for web development including Frontend and Backend development making it very popular among developers.

According to the 2020 StackOverflow survey, JavaScript is the most popular language including for professionals.

It is also the second most wanted programming language meaning that more people will be learning JavaScript in 2021.

TypeScript on the other hand is JavaScript with Types and it's the second most loved programming language and you should definitely consider learning it in 2021.

Although JavaScript is known to be a Frontend (Browser) language, it has also gain lots of traction towards the backend development aspect with the introduction of Node.js which can be used to build scalable network applications.

Node.js is available in macOS, Linux, and Windows, it has forgiving, flexible syntax and can work across all major browsers.


GoLang made it this year to my top 5 backend programming languages.

According to the 2020 StackOverflow survey, Go is the 5th most Loved and 3rd most wanted programming language making it an interesting programming language to consider learning in 2021.

Go(Golang) is google’s open-source programming language for building simple, reliable, and efficient software easily. As a low-level language, it is a great start for engineers with a special interest in building systems software without the headache of C and C++.

It is one of the best languages for building web servers, data pipelines, and data Science packages.

I will be learning GoLand come 2021, join the slack community to learn with a group of like minds.


In the 2019 StackOverflow Survey, Rust was ranking at the top 1st most Loved and 6th most Wanted increasing its popularity to 7.1% in the 2020 Stack Overflow Survey.

In the 2020 Survey, it is still ranking as the topmost Loved and 5th most Wanted programming language which means that there will be a boost and high demand for Rust programming language comes 2021 making it a suitable language for you to start learning in 2021.

Rust is a programming language developed by Mozilla Corporation as a low-level language for system programming with a focus on speed and security. Rust is like C, C++ and many big companies such as Dropbox and Coursera have already started adopting it.


With Java been the 2nd best known and 3rd most-loved language in CodingGame Survey, Java is still a good language to learn in 2021 with more than one billion devices running Java, you can’t afford not to at least know the basics of this legend.

Java is used by the world’s popular brands like Pinterest, LinkedIn, Airbnb, and Uber. It is a versatile language with the JVM making it easy for other programming languages like Scala, Play, etc to run on it.

Also, Java can be used for Web development with Spring as the most popular framework, it can also be used for Android and Desktop development.


For reading this long, I have a reward for you.

Below is a list of the 5 most popular backend frameworks with the highest Github Stars gained this year.

  1. Strapi

You can get an exhaustive list of the top 5 backend frameworks.

Final Thoughts

From the information provided above with a more in-depth overview of each of the top 5 backend programming languages and their different features.

Choosing a particular one for your project will solely depend on the type of project and the programming language, team strength, etc.

Let me know in the comment section, which backend programming language you will learn first in 2021 and which was your first backend programming language, and why.

Backend Developers

The ultimate publication for backend developers, DevOps engineers, and Software engineering.

Solomon Eseme

Written by

A Software Developer who’s geared towards building high performing and innovative products following best practices. Blog @

Backend Developers

The ultimate publication for backend developers, DevOps engineers, and Software engineering. Blog @

Solomon Eseme

Written by

A Software Developer who’s geared towards building high performing and innovative products following best practices. Blog @

Backend Developers

The ultimate publication for backend developers, DevOps engineers, and Software engineering. Blog @

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