Blockchain Council
Published in

Blockchain Council

Centralized Ledger vs. Distributed Ledger

Centralized Ledger vs. Distributed Ledger

By definition, a ledger is a collection of records that records all of a company’s financial activities. It’s known as a logbook in institutions and universities.

Since olden history, financial statements have been majorly used to-

  • document contracts
  • transactions
  • buy-sell operations
  • transfer of goods and property.

With the development of paper, the voyage that began with documenting on clay slabs or papyrus took a giant leap forward. Computers have greatly facilitated and promoted the development of recording and reporting. It also includes ledger upkeep in recent decades. Thanks to technological advancements, the information saved on computers isis evolving into increasingly more advanced forms.

These are cryptographically safe, quick, and decentralized. There are two types of ledger — centralized ledger and decentralized ledger. In this post, we will tell you everything about these two ledgers and will also compare them.

Centralized Ledger -

A centralized ledger is also referred to as a general ledger, houses all of the categories used to keep track. It involves corporate resources, liabilities, investment, income, and costs. A ledger is generally required for anything with the monetary worth in the universe. The general ledger, also known as Enterprise resources development, is a computerized ledger. It serves as a single archive for bookkeeping data transmitted from all subsidiary ledgers. This includes payment processing, capital equipment, buying, and projects.

Furthermore, the centralized ledger is the foundation of every accounting system, as it houses all of a company’s economic and non-economic data. The centralized ledger is the compilation of all transactions. This might be a massive book in a traditional or non-computerized setup. The centralized ledger has one or even more sheets for each transaction.

Effectiveness of Central ledgers -

Centralized ledgers are generally cited as the most widely utilized data storing method in finance. Their primary function is to confirm the accuracy of recorded data and the accurate tracking of capital assets; centralized record-keeping processes depend on a respected administrator. For example, centralized ledgers are mainly used in most security-clearing and transaction systems. This type of ledger is not used in blockchain technology. It is also used in central alternatives and large-value money transfers in the banking industry. The payment processing value chain now consists of several -

  • communications infrastructure
  • mediators
  • settlements
  • clearance
  • user interfaces

Certain other highly sophisticated and interconnected facilities with agreed-upon rules and entitlements.

Flaws of centralized ledgers -

The use of centralized ledgers to manage the money supply system has several flaws. The probability of-

  • transaction fabrication
  • reversal
  • censoring

These are the three weaknesses of using centralized ledgers in economics. The term “transaction fabrication” describes the process of altering original papers by copying other people’s signs and handwriting. For instance, if banks want to commit forgeries, they can seize all cash and do substantial financial harm to all of their customers. It’s important to remember that centralized ledgers are insecure. It can also be subjected to a variety of cyberattacks, data manipulation, and fraud. Furthermore, the register is vulnerable to financial firms’ opportunistic actions. They also plan to engage in fraudulent operations, diversions, and transaction censorship.

Possibilities for central ledgers -

The centralization of the accounting in the monetary base process might give numerous options for the financial industry operators. The audit team would be able to handle various jurisdictional concerns using centralized ledgers. It will also keep a clear understanding of the concept of the capital assets and operations conducted. Also, the uniformity and centralization of information and the efficacy of the management system. In terms of -

  • operation processing
  • scalability
  • efficiency

A financial system based on centralized ledger technologies can be more economical.

Decentralized Ledger

There is no single operator or centralized data retention in the Decentralized ledger. If you are doing any blockchain course, you may have heard about it. A distributed ledger database is a registry of assets that may also be connected to the server of sites, countries, or institutions. A network’s members can each have their very own unique version of the register. In moments, particular circumstances, seconds, any modifications to the book are also mirrored in all versions. Economic, ethical, physical, and technological assets are all possible.

Strenght of Decentralized Ledger

In the world of finance, decentralized ledgers are mainly poised to be game-changer. Decentralization has made it possible to conduct banking transactions in the absence of intermediaries. For instance, banks or centralized digital platforms. All nodes linked and engaging in the register are identical, and neither of them may impose influence over the rest. Decentralized ledgers may be able to divulge more data than their centralized counterparts. These are based on their architecture. A single, central entity does not produce, manage, or store information in decentralized ledgers.

On the other hand, accounting entries are also recorded on several machines controlled by the system’s members. Many business challenges may be readily addressed in a financial framework. These are mainly based on decentralized ledgers or blockchain technology. Thanks to the rich properties of innovation like immutability, privacy, and openness.

Flaws of Decentralized ledgers.

The implications of decentralized ledgers in banking seem intriguing. These technologies are still in their early stages of development. The financial institutions are still a long way from implementing them in their activities. The pace of

  • financial operations
  • the expense of execution
  • safety
  • privacy issues
  • limited scalability
  • ambiguity

These are the critical factors for the limited usage of decentralized ledger accounts in the finance supply mechanism.

Possibilities for Decentralized Ledger

Like most other fintech firms, decentralized ledgers have evolved to solve current financial sector tensions and shortcomings of the conventional banking system. Many people have speculated about the “death of banking” due to the emergence of derivatives trading and the necessity for bank decentralization. Distributed systems also substitute present centralized ledger methods. Without question, decentralized ledgers have the potential to alter the way drastically -

  • Digital banking
  • Crowdsourcing
  • Peer-to-peer borrowing systems function.

The elimination of reliable third parties makes it easier for lenders and borrowers to discover each other. Transfer wealth and distributing credit also become efficient.


So this was all about today’s topic, where we have thoroughly discussed everything related to two different ledgers. To know more about these ledgers, you can go for a blockchain course. For more information, you can even follow the blockchain council.




Blockchain Council is a group of Blockchain experts offering Online Blockchain Certifications & Training to Blockchain enthusiasts all over the globe.

Recommended from Medium

Chainlink Coin Price Prediction 2023, 2025, 2030

Build a blockchain prototype in minutes with Hyperledger Composer

DZN Dynasty Makes A Strategic Investment In Xolo Finance

What is a CMD supernet: the foundation of Web3

ULTRAIN: Blockchain Platform for the Digital Society

How useful is an NFT Certificate? Should you get one?

Lovelace and Charged Particles Partnership Fuses Art with Finance

The 2nd EOS Community Conference recap!

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Rashmeet Kaur

Rashmeet Kaur

Result-oriented Technology expert with good experience in education & technology roles.

More from Medium

How Polygon can be used to help track Ethereum transactions and Balance?

Structure & Building Blocks of Smart Contract- Part 2

Know Bunzz, a game changer blockchain startup for DApp Development with No Code

SCOPE? Blockchain Audit.