Adverbs

Adverbs of place give information about the place of an action. They are important as modifiers of other elements in the sentence.

The most commonly used are: here, there, downstairs, upstairs, inside, outside, indoors, outdoors, anywhere, abroad

For example:
— “Are you looking for a vegetarian sandwich? It’s here.” = We use here to express the position of something (at this point).

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Adverbs

Adverbs of manner give information about the way (how) something is done, and they emphasise the action. They usually come after a verb and sometimes before it.

They are formed by adding -ly to the adjective (badly, exactly, loudly, nicely, politely…).

For example:
“Quick” ⇒ “He quickly kissed the girl on the cheek.” / “He very quickly kissed the girl on the cheek.” = We add -ly, and very to add extra emphasis to the action.

Some adverbs of manner are irregular and maintain the same form as adjectives (fast, well, hard, late, straight…).

For example:
“Straight” ⇒ “Walk straight, the Chinese restaurant is there.” = Straight remains the same.

NOTE: They can be used after words like very or too.

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Adverbs

Adverbs are expressions that function as modifiers of other elements in the clause. They give more information. In most cases, we are able to make an adverb from an adjective by simply adding -ly.

For example:
“Beautiful” ⇒ “Beautifully“. = We add -ly at the end of the adjective.

There are some exceptions, depending on the ending of the adjectives.

For example:
— With suffix-y, we change -y to -i and add -ly: “Easy ⇒ “Easily“.
— With Consonant + -le, we change -e to -y: “Noble ⇒ “Nobly“.
— With suffix -ic, we add -ally: “Drastic ⇒ “Drastically“.

Some adverbs are irregular and there is no rule for their formation (fully, publicly, in a timely manner…).

For example:
“Publicly” ⇒ “Publicly”.

Exercises

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Pronouns

We use one and ones to avoid repeating unnecessary words (a singular or plural countable noun).

  • One is used instead of singular countable nouns.
  • Ones is used instead of plural countable nouns.

For example:
— “There is a phone on the table. The black one is mine.” = Phone is a singular countable noun.
— “There are 3 phones on the table. The black ones are mine.” = Phones is a plural countable noun.

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May

May

May is a type of auxiliary modal verb used to express the possibility for something to happen and also to ask for or give permission.

Affirmative

Its structure, in the affirmative form, is:
Subject + may + verb + …

  • I/You may work
  • He/She/It may work
  • We/You/They may work

For example:
It may snow this winter.”

Negative

Its structure, in the negative form, is:
Subject + may + not + verb + …

  • I/You may not work
  • He/She/It may not work
  • We/You/They may not work

For example:
It may not snow this winter.”

Interrogative

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
May + subject + verb + …?

  • May I/you work …?
  • May he/she/it work …?
  • May we/you/they work …?

For example:
May it snow this winter?

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