Алфавит




А Л Ф А В И Т || al-fa-’vit || alphabet

Б У К В А || ‘buk-va || letter


There are 33 letters in the Russian alphabet.

(1) Some letters look and sound similar to Latin letters.

Vowels are red, consonants are blue.


A… как A || like A || same as “A” in “artist” and “article”.

E… как E || same as “E” in “get” or “pet”.

O… как O || same as “O” in “olive” and “origin”.

K… как K || same as “K” in “kit” and “kind”.

M… как M || same as “M” in “man” and “middle”.

T… как T || same as “T” in “try” and “teach”.


К О Т || К-О-Т || kot || male cat

Е Д А || Е-Д-А || e-’da || food

Д О М || Д-О-М || dom || house


(2) Some letters look different, but sound familiar.


И… как / like E || same as “E” in “eager” and “easy”.

Б… как В || same as “B” in “best” and “baby”.

Г… как G || same as “G” in “get or “guy”.

Д… как D || same as “D” in “dog” or “deep”.

Л… как L || same as “L” in “logo” or “label”.

П… как P || same as “P” in “poem” or “port”.


Б А Л Е Т || ba-’let || ballet

Г А Л А К Т И К А || ga-’lak-ti-ka || galaxy

Д Е Т И || ‘de-ti || children

П А Л А Т К А || pa-’lat-ka || tent


(3) Some letters look familiar, but sound differently from Latin letters.


У || same as “OO” in “room” or “too” || У Х О || ‘oo-ho || ear

В || same as “V” in “voice” or “view” || В Е С Н А || ves-’na || spring

Н || same as “N” in “name” and “nice” || Н О С || nos || nose

Р || same as “R” in “role” and “read” || Р Е К А || re-’ka || river

С || same as “S” in “school” and “sound” || С О К || sok || juice

Х || same as “H” in “hill” and “hotel” || Х О Л О Д || ‘ho-lod || coldness


У Н И В Е Р С И Т Е Т || oo-ni-ver-si-’tet || university

С Т У Д Е Н Т || stoo-’dent || student

Х О Б Б И || ‘hob-bi || hobby

С П О Р Т || sport || sports


(4) Some letters look and sound differently.


Ё || like “YO” in “your” || М Ё Д || myot || honey

Ж || like “G” in “page”, no “D” || Ж И Р А Ф || zhi-’raf || giraffe

З || like “Z” in “zebra” || З Е Б Р А || ‘zeb-ra || zebra

Й || like “Y” in “yawn” || Й О Г У Р Т || ‘yo-gurt || yogurt

Ф || like “F” in “food” || К О Ф Е || ‘ko-fe || coffee

Ц || like “TS” in “fruits” || Ц А П Л Я || ‘tsap-lya || heron

Ч || like “CH” in “chat” || Ч А Й || chay || tea

Ш || like “SH” in “cash” || К А Ш А || ‘ka-sha || porridge

Щ || like “SH” in “shower” || Б О Р Щ || ‘bor-sch || borscht

Ъ || твердый знак || like “I” in yield || О Б Ъ Е К Т || ab’-’ekt || object

Ы || similar to “Y” in “carry” || С Ы Р || syr || cheese

Ь || мягкий знак || the sound after “CH” in “match”
А П Е Л Ь С И Н || a-pel’-’sin || orange

Э || like “A” in “air” || Э С К И М О || ‘ies-ki-mo || lollypop ice-cream

Ю || like “U” in “user” || М Е Н Ю || me-’nyu || menu

Я || like “YA” in “yammy” || Я Г О Д А || ‘ya-ga-da || berry


We will learn these letters in the next practice.

Remember, you can’t remember all letters in just one lesson.

But you will remember all of them in a week or less, once you start using them.



Write down words and letters you find confusing:

К О Т || cat || К к || О о || Т т

Е Д А || food || Е е || Д д || А а

Д О М || house || М м

Б А Л Е Т || ballet || Б б || Л л

Г А Л А К Т И К А || galaxy || Г г || К к || И и

У Н И В Е Р С И Т Е Т || university || У у || Н н || В в || Р р || С с

Х О Б Б И || hobby || Х х

С П О Р Т || sports || П п


Иллюстрации: Pixabay