How we organized one of the largest virtual U.S. journalism events to date
We wanted to make sure we kept some of the Collaborative Journalism Summit’s personal hallmarks without turning it into a one-way broadcast
The first two conferences took place in Montclair, N.J.; last year’s Summit was in Philadelphia. This year our plan was to host the Summit in Charlotte, N.C. on May 14–15.
Thanks in large part to the efforts of our colleague, Denise Shannon, we had already completed 75% of the planning for the 2020 conference by early March. Two of our staffers had flown down to Charlotte to tour the Queens University campus and Myers Park Baptist Church, where our sessions would be hosted. We had enthusiastic sponsors lined up, the venue booked, the food completely selected (down to the type of salad we’d serve at lunch), student workers recruited and at least half of the speakers confirmed.
Then mid-March hit, and state after state-ordered lockdowns in response to the emerging coronavirus pandemic.
In a matter of days it became clear that an in-person event in May wasn’t going to happen. We read about other journalism conferences postponing or cancelling altogether, but we decided almost immediately to host our conference online.
Why? Collaborative journalism is important, especially now, and we felt strongly that we needed to hold space for our community of practitioners to gather, even if it was virtual. And the Center’s team is an optimistic, “we’ll figure it out” bunch of people. We felt confident we could pull it off.
Luckily, last week we did! And here’s how. We hope this postmortem of the 2020 Collaborative Journalism Summit will help others who are looking to host their own in-place events.
We alerted our sponsors, speakers and participants as soon as we could — then we made registration free
As soon as it looked like our plans to host the Summit in Charlotte would be cancelled, we began communicating with our sponsors, speakers and attendees.
We decided to make our tickets free given the crisis we were all facing. Our initial reaction was to automatically refund the 100 or so people who had already registered at $100 a ticket (we had planned to serve two plated meals this year.) After some thought we decided to make refunds by request. We figured most would request their money back, but we wanted attendees to have the opportunity to support our efforts to bolster collaborative journalism across the nation and abroad. Amazingly, very few people requested a full refund.
And once we announced we would host in place instead of in person, registrations shot through the roof; we ended up with just under 750 registrations by the time the conference began. (Typically, the Summit attracts 150–175 people.)
We let our sponsors know that several of their packages would have to change since we weren’t hosting in person. Every confirmed sponsor stuck with us, even our North Carolina-based sponsors — a testament to their commitment to collaborative journalism and knowledge sharing. The new sponsorship package included showing on-screen sponsor slides and messaging during the conference, and sharing links in the chat.
All of our speakers agreed to keep their spots, and we were able to add several speakers who initially declined participation because of the travel required.
We chose our platforms early and focused on getting to know them well
Zoom was the leading early contender for a platform choice, because it was the program most people were using for video conferencing and because it was the one the Center used.
But we also explored other options, including Twitch, Google Hangouts, and YouTube Live. We didn’t look too closely at Blue Jeans, GoToMeeting, Livestream, or Microsoft Teams, which are a few of the more popular options out there.
In the end, we decided to go with Zoom because it was the one we were most familiar with, and we felt confident that most of our attendees would already have at least a basic understanding of how to use it. Of course, just as we made that decision, Zoom’s reputation came into question as the “Zoombombing” phenomenon came to light. With investigation and the adoption of best practices (more on that below), we ultimately felt Zoom’s webinar function gave us a good amount of security and presentation controls.
In addition to Zoom, we used an app called ManyCam to dress up and augment the video output for each of our staff members who would be on camera during the Summit. This allowed us to add lower thirds, PIP video, scrolling marquees, and all kinds of useful elements to our individual Zoom videos.
We also bought an Otter for Teams subscription from Otter.ai and integrated it with our Zoom account to provide live, auto-generated transcriptions of all the main sessions during the Summit. Otter recently announced the live transcription integration with Zoom Meetings but, unbeknownst to us, they hadn’t set it up to work with Zoom Webinar yet. Luckily, we were able to get someone from Otter on the phone who agreed to get us set up as a test user for a beta version of the Zoom Webinar integration.
We took steps to prevent ‘Zoombombing’
To say we worried about Zoombombing would be a bit of an understatement. As our registration numbers began to climb, we started to get a tad obsessive about making sure our Summit would be free of malicious attacks, trolls and bad actors — especially after one of our smaller events was targeted by a group of racists.
In order to guard against attacks, we set up a series of digital roadblocks along the way from registration to presentation. First, we kept our EventBrite registration page private, which meant people could only find it if they got the link from one of our newsletters or social media posts, or if they visited collaborativejournalism.org directly.
We also set passwords for the Zoom sessions, albeit fairly simple ones, and made a point to only send out those links and passwords the day before the actual Summit began. The idea was to create enough virtual friction and make it annoying or inconvenient enough for people who simply wanted to mess with us, without going so far as to deter actual attendees from figuring out how to access the Summit.
The security features provided by Zoom Webinar — as opposed to Zoom Meetings — also helped in this area. Even with our usual attendee list of ~150 people, allowing everyone to share video and audio would have made the Summit nearly impossible to manage, let alone experience, without constant distractions and technical issues.
We used Zoom webinar as if it was a virtual stage
Zoom Webinar is also different from Zoom Meetings in two key ways (for our purposes) that sealed the deal for us in the end: it only displays the video and audio of the designated panelists (added or removed individually by the host and co-hosts), and it allows the host to choose which view (gallery or active speaker) attendees see at any given time.
Zoom’s webinar tool also allows for hosts and panelists to easily appear and disappear from the attendee’s view, which helped us move people on and off the “stage” simply by turning their video on and off. This was especially useful in cases where one of the panelists had video or connection issues.
We simply switched the attendee layout to “active speaker view” while we made adjustments behind the scenes in gallery view. Once the issues were resolved, we could switch the attendee layout back to gallery view and continue as if nothing happened. This also allowed us to display time-keeping cards and other visual-only information to active panelists (whose views were unaffected by the changes in attendee layout) without disrupting the flow of the panel or session.
We had all panelists join the webinar as attendees at least 15 minutes before the start of their respective sessions. When it was time to bring them on stage, Stefanie would publicly ask speakers for our next panel to “identify themselves.” This was their cue to use Zoom’s “raise hand” function so we could find them among the massive list of all the other attendees.
To help the Summit flow smoothly, we also ran practice sessions one week in advance with nearly every speaker. During those dress rehearsals, we discussed the importance of maintaining a solid internet connection, what it takes to set up decent audio and lighting, and what the flow of each session would feel like. We also had some speakers practice using the screen-sharing and audience Q+A features in Zoom Webinar.
We relied on some tried-and-true broadcast rules
Although we didn’t want to make the Summit a one-way broadcast, we did use a few broadcast journalism tricks to make everything run more smoothly.
- We had a consistent host. Much like a news anchor, Stefanie Murray, the Center’s director, hosted the entire Summit, cutting in between panels and speakers to transition and make introductions.
- We planned some chatter to fill dead air. To allow our producer, Joe, to move speakers on and off stage, Stefanie prepped some language reminding people nearly every hour that they were at the 2020 Collaborative Journalism Summit — as we expected many participants to pop in and out as their work allowed, or to see specific sessions that interested them — and to promote the various ways that we hoped attendees would engage with each other. (More on that below.)
- We stayed on time — to the minute. We started nearly every session exactly on time and wrapped up on time; a few sessions ended slightly early. This was easier to do in a virtual setting than an in-person setting, where we normally have to keep signaling to speakers that their time is up before resorting to joining them on-stage and attempting to reclaim the mic.
- We used music and transition slides with a live ticker showing when we’d be back “on air” during all the breaks. (More on the music below.)
We obsessed about audio, video and internet connectivity
Internet connectivity was the true wild card for the entire Summit. If the internet were to go out for either Joe or Stefanie especially, everything could come to a screeching halt.
We did everything we possibly could to guard against that, including purchasing ethernet cables to plug directly into our home internet connections rather than use our home WiFi. But we were still at the mercy of the internet gods. And all of our speakers were, too.
We used external cameras instead of our laptop cameras, and requested that all of our speakers use external mics whenever possible. A simple mic/earbud combo was sufficient in most cases.
We thought deeply about engagement in a virtual setting
We were really worried the networking and engagement that typically happens at our Summit would fade away if we did nothing but “present” for a day and a half. And how boring would that be? (So boring.)
So here’s what we did to promote engagement:
- We used Zoom Meetings instead of Zoom Webinar for our two smaller, pre-conference events, since those were more intimate gatherings.
- We moderated a live chat through Zoom the entire time, posting relevant links and information on a recurring basis throughout each session — and bringing some well-known attendees into the conversation, sometimes by name.
- We ran a live Q+A through Zoom the entire time.
- We ran a live note-taking document for day one and day two of the Summit, using Google Docs.
- We hosted four separate networking sessions, including one with live animation and one that included a discussion about mindfulness and breathing techniques.
- We employed a graphic illustrator to draw during each session. That illustrator, Derrick Dent, was featured as a silent-but-busy “panelist” in Zoom webinar the entire time, so at various times our attendees could get an up-close look at his drawings.
- We hosted an “Asks + Offers” board using Padlet, which was password-protected. This was a place where people could post job opportunities, hype new projects, discuss their skills-for-hire, or anything else.
- We created three Zoom bingo cards customized specifically for collaborative journalism.
- We used Zapier to automatically add attendees to a public Twitter list.
- We created a unique playlist of music and used ManyCam to display a slide with a ticker showing what time we’d be back, all of which ran during each intermission. That unique playlist turned out to be a huge hit. Using BandLab, Joe created a few lo-fi hip-hop tracks and overlaid the voices of speakers giving their talks at previous Summits, including Sarah Stonbely, Darryl Holliday and Heather Bryant. Not only did this allow us to play music we owned outright, but it also helped to create a buzz that made people more likely to keep the webinar window open throughout the day.
We used calendar invitations to keep all speaker details in one place
In the past, we primarily communicated with speakers via email. But this year our self-titled “speaker wrangler,” Ned Berke, also used Google Calendar to enter every last detail and stage direction into customized invitations for each speaker and session.
This small change was incredibly important, as it meant our speakers didn’t need to wade through their email inboxes to find links, passwords, or review the flow of their session. The run of show for each session was spelled out in painstaking detail within the notes of each calendar invitation, which Ned updated several times leading up to the event. “If you look at your calendar invitation…” became one of Ned’s favorite things to say.
We created a visual dashboard to help our staff keep track of things
Between the Zoom links, the Summit website links, the Padlet board, the live notes, and all the other links and documents we used to put the Summit together this year, it was clear we needed some kind of central dashboard to keep track of everything — so Joe made us one.
Canva lets you attach links to individual objects in the design and then export the design as a functioning website. We also created a forwarding link via WordPress (https://collaborativejournalism.org/staff) to make it easier for us to get back to the dashboard when necessary.
What we would do differently + thoughts for future conferences
- Keep an in-place component for future conferences. We were able to include so many more people this year by hosting in place that we’re now thinking about making a live, interactive virtual conference a permanent part of the Summit for as long as the Summit exists.
- Completely recreate sponsor packages. We mostly focused on converting the in-person components of our sponsor packages into virtual components this year. Next time, we’ll focus on fundamentally reimagining what sponsorship looks like in a 100% virtual setting.
- We’d like to find ways for attendees to directly support or donate to speakers and their projects during the Summit. This came up during our discussions about which streaming platform to use, especially since Twitch has this kind of creator support mechanism built into the platform. Still plenty of discussion to be had on this topic.
- If we had the time and money (and a global pandemic wasn’t fueling widespread shortages and shipping delays) we would have liked to provide a standard microphone, webcam, and pair of headphones for all speakers and panelists. This would have helped to standardize the video and (most importantly) audio quality for our speakers and provide a cleaner experience for attendees.
- We would have planned our networking rooms slightly differently. Two of our sessions had specific themes and two were more open-networking oriented with breakouts. We found that people didn’t want to join the networking rooms to talk more about collaborative journalism; they wanted to focus on something else while meeting each other.
- Reimagine the post-conference survey using live feedback tools. We had to balance how many new things we were introducing into our process, so we didn’t give too much attention to how we could change the feedback process. But now that the event is over, it’s clear we could’ve used in-call polling between sessions to gather immediate reactions to the conference materials. What else could we dream up to better gauge attendee sentiment?
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Stefanie Murray is director of the Center for Cooperative Media at Montclair State University. Contact her at email@example.com.
Joe Amditis is associate director of the Center for Cooperative Media at Montclair State University. Contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
About the Center for Cooperative Media: The Center is a grant-funded program of the School of Communication and Media at Montclair State University. Its mission is to grow and strengthen local journalism, and in doing so serve New Jersey residents. The Center is supported with funding from Montclair State University, the Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, Democracy Fund, the New Jersey Local News Lab (a partnership of the Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, Democracy Fund, and Community Foundation of New Jersey), and the Abrams Foundation. For more information, visit CenterforCooperativeMedia.org.