Choice Hacking
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Choice Hacking

Unskilled and Unaware: What is the Dunning-Kruger Effect?

Source: Adobe Stock

“But I wore the juice!”

People with the fewest skills and least knowledge often overestimate their abilities.

What Is the Dunning-Kruger Effect?

Dunning-Kruger is a Type of Cognitive Bias

Source: Adobe Stock

How to Recognize the Dunning-Kruger Effect

  • The person will not be open to criticism or help. They’ll see these as personal attacks or threats to their ego.
  • Victims of Dunning-Kruger are often very confident in their ability to do the task. Confidence isn’t usually a bad thing, but overconfidence can signal that someone “doesn’t know what they don’t know.”

3 Ways to Avoid the Dunning-Kruger Effect

1. Keep Practicing and Learning

2. Ask for Feedback

3. Challenge What You Know



Writing at the intersection of psychology, science, business and design

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