Jesus as a way of peace between Christians and Muslims?

By Dan Buttry

In a New York Times op-ed titled “What Jesus Can Teach Today’s Muslims,” Mustafa Akyol explores the teaching of Jesus, viewed as a prophet in Islam, as an answer to some of the key challenges and crises faced by the global Muslim community. Jesus is often spoken of as a prophet, but most of his teaching isn’t given much attention in Muslim communities. Akyol gives a tantalizing introduction to how those teachings might speak to the issues of legalism and intolerance that have, from his perspective, subverted the best of Islam.

I would like to take Akyol’s discussion in a slightly different, but complimentary, direction. Can what we hold in common about Jesus as Christians and Muslims be something that can spark peace between the two largest global religious communities? Or, must our differences lead to further violent clashes as we see in so many parts of the world today?

I have seen some positive actions in different places and cultures bringing Christians and Muslims together around some of the teachings of Jesus. This engagement around what we hold in common in Jesus has allowed us to disagree and compete for hearts and minds in peaceful and respectful ways, while also joining forces for common concerns for building justice and forging peace. Such cooperation and collaboration is not the dominant narrative today about how Christians and Muslims relate, but with commitment and integrity on both sides, it is possible.

I’ve seen it in my own community, where I’ve worked with Imam Steve Mustafa Elturk to do Islamic-based conflict transformation training. Elturk and I are officers for the InterFaith Leadership Council in Metro Detroit. He has followed my conflict-transformation training around the world and wanted to develop an Islamic version of what I do in the Christian community. As we dealt with the issue of nonviolence, I told him about how I teach transforming initiatives through Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount. Elturk invited me to incorporate that teaching into what we did in the mosque. In this way, the teaching of Jesus as a prophet became some of our content in the Islamic conflict-transformation course.

In a country with frequent sectarian conflict, including between Christians and Muslims, I was involved in an amazing gathering of political and militia leaders drawn together by a team of activist Muslim and Christian leaders concerned for peace. The Muslim leader introduced the time we had together by saying, “You Christians call Jesus your Savior and Lord. We Muslims honor Jesus as a prophet. So the teaching of Jesus is what we have in common.” He then invited me to lead a study on the teaching of Jesus about how their country could have a more peaceful future.

Dave Andrews explored this topic in his book “The Jihad of Jesus: The Sacred Nonviolent Struggle for Justice.” Andrews explores the common connections to Jesus between Christians and Muslims and how the teachings of Jesus especially related to nonviolence could be the common ground for transformative action together. Andrews has practiced what he writes about in the contexts of the conflicts in Australia and the larger Asia and Pacific region.

We haven’t arrived at an answer yet, but, hopefully, these developments are the start of even deeper conversations and shared efforts to find the ways to peace.


Dan Buttry is a global consultant for peace and justice at International Ministries, American Baptist Churches USA. This piece is reprinted with permission and was originally published at Buttry’s blog at danbuttry.com.

The views expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of the American Baptist Home Mission Societies.