The Revolution Must Be Accessible, Part 1: Image Descriptions
Part 1 in a series discussing accessibility needs
This piece started as a Twitter thread on Dec 3, 2017 — International Persons with Disability Day.
When I was six, I struggled with iritis. It’s a type of uveitis affecting your iris. Like any other kind of uveitis, it can lead to vision problems and even loss. Having had several flare-ups of this over the years, I’m always nervous when it comes to my annual ophthalmology visit. I face other issues with my vision, too, making those annual checks even more concerning and anxiety-inducing.
All it takes is my juvenile arthritis or other conditions attacking my eyes to put me in danger again.
I’ve become a bit of a stickler around adding in image descriptions because of this.
Why is this important?
Look, screen readers can’t ‘read’ the photos of your cats you put up on Facebook or Twitter. That means that any cuteness you want to share gets missed by people with health issues affecting their vision.
When you leave out image descriptions, you become inaccessible. You say, knowingly or not, that your convenience or haste is more important than fully sharing something with another person.
There’s a lot more I could say, but the important thing is this: We have to start adding in descriptions to your photos and gifs to be fully accessible, regardless of your cause or photos.
As much as we all seem to have a love-hate relationship with Twitter, they do a little better on accessibility around photos than other social media outlets. There is an option on Twitter to add in descriptions under settings > general > accessibility.
Turn this on! Make sure to actually utilize it. There’s no use in having that turned on if you’re not going to use it.
I use gifs a lot and wasn’t sure how to be accessible with them for a while. The new 280-character tweets, though, make this easier!
I add a description at the end of the tweet or in the next tweet (connecting them as a reply/thread). Here’s an example of one way to describe a gif:
On Twitter, once you’re doing more replies, you can’t add in a description attached to a photo. That pisses me off. There’s still a way to be accessible, though!
In Twitter replies, just like on gifs, try adding in the description at the end of your tweet or in a following tweet. In Twitter replies, on Facebook, and elsewhere, it’s helpful to insert an image description for full accessibility at the bottom of your writing in those square brackets, like so:
On places like Medium, consider adding the image descriptions as captions for the photo. They don’t allow you to put in descriptions outside of captions or additional text.
On blogs or other sites, you can either handle this as you do here or you can utilize alt-text for this. This even raises your SEO score and can make your page more likely to show up higher in search results as well.
If you have Wordpress, there are accessibility plugins to explore for maximum accessibility. There are even themes more suited to accessibility. Choosing these makes access easier for you to ensure and for visitors to your site to play with.
What to Include
I often have people ask what to include in image descriptions. I used to try to add text that covered anything and everything from the photo in great detail. Sometimes, less is more, though.
The best answer is to focus on the subject of the image.
Use gender neutral wording for people in pics (unless you know pronouns/gender). When adding in skin color, use ‘X appearing’ or ‘X passing’ unless you know.
I'd like your help with an issue I've encountered: It's sometimes very difficult to discern the racial or gender…thebodyisnotanapology.com
Here’s a good example:
And another animal-focused one:
And here’s a non-living thing one:
To improve this, I could also add that it’s against a white bathroom countertop. I should have, in fact.
We can all do better
I tend to not add descriptions to photos I post on Instagram or Pinterest. I also haven’t done this on videos. I am going to work on doing better in both of these areas.
If you’re ever sure whether or not something is accessible, just ask. If ever you feel the need to run stuff by someone, I’m always happy to help provide guidance or look for answers when I can.
Once you start, it’s easy to work in other social media avenues and become far more accessible. That way, everyone can join in on the fun — and the revolution.
transientescape: TL;DR- A post all about writing image descriptions on Tumblr.Introduction TextSo, I've been looking…livingwithdisability.tumblr.com
Image descriptions provide textual information about non-text content that appears on your website, allowing it to be…soap.stanford.edu
In an ideal world, all image descriptions would happen in the “alt text.” Which is like, when you’re…fuckyeahaccessibility.tumblr.com
When you Tweet photos using the Twitter app for iOS or Android, or on twitter.com, you have the option to compose a…support.twitter.com
So you have a blog, and you're worried that it might not be accessible to people with disabilities? Don't worry! A few…www.afb.org
Two weeks ago, Facebook launched Automatic Alternative Text, or AAT, a tool that provides automated image descriptions…medium.com
Kirsten is a genderfluid writer, sexuality educator, and chronic illness/disability activist in Wisconsin. She runs Chronic Sex which highlights how illnesses and disabilities affect ‘Quality of Life’ issues such as self-love, self-care, relationships, sexuality, and sex.