Published in


Building resilience: the impact of the circular economy on global trade and supply chains

In recent years, we have all experienced the economic turmoil caused by global crises — from the Covid-19 pandemic to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the multiple disruptive impacts of climate change. As a result, vulnerabilities in global supply chains have been exposed and questions have been raised about the resilience of the international trading system

Photo by Kurt Cotoaga on Unsplash
  • Mapping of the impacts of circular economy trade against multiple policy areas to ensure alignment
  • Investment in the mechanisms that can provide better information about goods, through transparency and traceability
  • Development beyond trade in durable goods to consider trade in services and agricultural goods

Mapping the impacts on multiple policy areas

  • Border measures like tariffs, export restrictions, and anti-dumping
  • Regulatory measures like standards, Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes, Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) checks, and technical regulation
  • Economic incentives such as subsidies, Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), and free allowances
  • Awareness-raising and capacity building, for example, the WTO Aid for Trade initiative or the agenda of UN Capacity Building Task Force on Trade, Environment and Development
  • Trade agreements, for example by strengthening the Trade and Sustainable Development (TSD) Chapters and also including provisions on circularity throughout the trade agreements

Investing in transparency and traceability

Photo by Towel Studio on Unsplash

Going beyond trade in durable goods

Trade in services

Food and agricultural trade

Photo by no one cares on Unsplash

More exploration is needed



Features and thought-leadership on the circular economy

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Ellen MacArthur Foundation

We work to build a framework for a circular economy that is restorative and regenerative by design.