#ClimateWednesday: Nigeria’s Climate Change Act: Things to Know in driving People-centered implementation by Pius Oko
With the Hashtag #ClimateChangeActNG with #DoYouKnow Campaign Led by Lift Humanity Foundation (LHF) under the auspices of Africa Coalition for Sustainable Energy Access (ACSEA) and Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) in collaboration with Ecocykle Limited, Global Initiative for Food Security and Ecosystem Preservation (GIFSEP), Break-Free from Plastic Awareness Initiative (BFPI), African Environmental Awareness Initiatives (AEA) and SDGs Radio (All parties known as Climate Action Partnerships, CAPs)
Mr. Pius OKO, Head of Programs and Research at LHF says; In November 2021, Nigeria passed the Climate Change Bill that Further affirm the government’s aim to cut current emissions by 50% by 2050 and achieve net zero emissions ‘as early as possible in the second half of the century (net zero target for 2050 to 2070). The bill includes provisions to set five-year carbon budgets under a National Climate Change Action Plan to be ratified by the Federal Executive Council. The Federal Ministry of Environment is tasked with setting the carbon budgets, while the National Council on Climate Change, established by the bill, will oversee implementation.
According to Pius, Nigeria’s current policies are rated 1.5˚C compatible when compared to its fair-share contribution, however, they are not on track when compared to modelled domestic pathways. Also, while Nigeria has passed the target into law with the passage of the Climate Change Bill, the text of the law is not yet available so most elements of the target cannot be assessed (CAT 20212). After careful review, it is therefore, concluded the target as “Target information incomplete” and Nigeria needs additional support to implement additional policies and to strengthen and meet its conditional target, as well as legislation to fast track the implementation of the NDC.
Furthermore, Mr. Pius proceed in analyzing the climate change act objectives and applications; establishment and membership of the national council; provisions, functions, roles and responsibilities of the council, financial provisions and climate change fund and carbon budget applications, reporting and obligations of related ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) and education. Sequel to the above, as with every legislation; the true essence and implication of the bill has not been fully grasped in these early months of the Act by citizens.
Consequently, convening the social media awareness campaigns; “Know Your Nigeria Climate Change Act” using the Hashtag #ClimateChangeActNG with #DoYouKnow to promote and advocate the Nigeria Climate Change Act 2021 awareness, dialogue and fast track people-centered implementation, advance pro-poor development and equity-based responses from the local, state and national levels on all sustainable development issues in Nigeria. This is important in order to galvanize support, foster synergy and inspire interest of relevant stakeholders for the effective monitoring and implementation of the Act.
Expected Outcome include;
- Galvanized increased support for state and non-state actors/ CSOs to push for the operationalization, implementation and enforcement of the Climate Change Bill,
- Promote understanding for successful implementation of the climate change law.
- Enhance state and non-state actors’ knowledge of the provisions of the law that will inform plans, programmes and advocacy initiatives as well as strategies to strengthen accountability of government on the implementation.