Day 01 [27/02/17]: Getting to know the crew!

Week 01

CODE3100 Design Studio — Building Information Modelling


Day 01: MON 27 FEB 2017

  • Introduction lecture on the entire semester
  • Introduce the lecturer and tutors
  • 3 minute max. presentations of all students showing their work they completed in the last 2 years in their study
  • Shared interests with our coaches as well as what we may want to take out from this course

Day 02: TUE 28 FEB 2017

  • Emailed Suleuiman + Alexis on next week (Monday’s) assessment. Below are the Questions + Answers:

Q: We are confused about having to video tape the ‘problem’. Being so early on, what type of problems should we be addressing now? and what would we be taping/documenting?

This can be in your case defining the problem, maybe using screen capture, what are the problems of current designs and pavilions? What do we mean by 6D documentation? Is there a problem in representing design in 2D drawings? How documentation is working on site? Can we just produce 3d model which is data enabled and forget about conventional way of documentations? What is the current issues of pavilion designs from your group perspective? Can you document those issues in any means , videos, diagrams etc. ( maybe video tape may not work properly with your group but treat this as an investigation of what the current problems are and how can you define it?)

Q: Do all groups contribute to digitally modelling the design of the pavilion, or is this role specifically for one group?

All groups contribute in either the design or the application of the pavilion or both. You for example will be working with the digital making and fabrication for building ideas for the physical prototype as well as designing the data communication between the BIM model and other groups, BIM can be used as a design tool and I want to see how your inputs can enrich the design of the big pavilion and also the creative live documentation of it?

Q: Should next week’s submission focus on the group’s direction of the ‘Rich Picture’, which then individually branches out to our own interests for our individual projects that are to be conducted next semester?

Next semester exercises are later in this subject ( week 7 from memory) W1T1 tasks aimed to help defining your roadmap as a group , you can include partial interests in saying one or two people will be investigating how data can be communicated in could based platform such as FLUX and communicated to VR platform effectively. Also how this communication will happen for the studio pavilion project, will it happen ? you can define your interest as an individual but also we need to see the group interest and how will it contribute in creating the studio project

Q: Can you please confirm what a preliminary mental model is? We have speculation that it might be an adaptable template for various situations where the pavilion scenario can be replaced with a house, or furniture design. In essence, are we designing a workflow as a base model which can be adaptable?

Sure this can be once way to address it. If you referring to the mental map I recommend watching Melton Keynes video on Moodle ( it talks about the rich picture and it can be irrelevant as an idea but relevant as a concept of mental maps/ rich picture )

Q: Finally, the ‘Rich Picture’ description suggests that we are to create a preliminary mental model to explore, however what if there are multiple scenarios to consider when using BIM, should we list them all, or narrow the investigation to one?

Yes list them all, evaluate them briefly before going into details and then present them so you can decide which ones are worthwhile to work on in following weeks investigations.

A message from Alexis:

We want to find some specific examples this week. If you think about it, all of Dynamo and BIM for that matter is about making design to production easier (and beyond), right?

Don’t stress though, it’s hard to find something when you don’t know what to look for.

What I recommend is that you start by thinking about how we might go about the project just with the skills we have so far.

Example- site analysis, Revit topography, massing, plans, sections and elevations, details, visualisation etc.

What information do we need from other groups (complex geometry, parameters for modelling components, services, analysis)

What information do we need to share with other groups (coordinated drawings, standard components, model — what format?)

As the design/model develops, how hard is it to update. Can we identify some logic or repetition which could be automated? How fast are we incorporating changes to our model and how fast are we sharing those changes with others? Is the model accurate based on what we have resolved so far?

We should all think about these issues. Don’t dwell on them too long but keep them in mind as you’re searching the forums. There’s some talented professionals out there sharing their work for free. Get a feel of what’s important to them. Why they felt they needed the script/node/addin or other workflow. Why is it better than traditional workflows?

When we meet next week I’d like everyone to have something cool to show the group. It doesn’t need to be your own work. In fact all I want is to see that you’ve identified something useful. You’ve understood what it does and have at least a basic understanding of how it works. I then want some ideas from you about what else it may be used for. Make sure you give credit to whoever came up with it.

Here’s a video Zack Kron posted to kick you off: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=cvZ434h0LLk

See how easy it is to model a Revit toposurface in the shape of Spongebob square pants. What else could we do with such a tool?


Day 03: WED 01 MAR 2017

Today we thought we’d go through the emails and extract certain ideas/concepts and hints to get us started with next week’s assessment. Here is what we’ve collected:

Investigate what the current problems are and how you can define it
  1. What are the problems of current designs and pavilions?
  2. What do we mean by 6D documentation?
  3. Is there a problem in representing design in 2D drawings?
  4. How is documentation working on site currently?
  5. Can we just produce 3d model which is data enabled and forget about conventional way of documentations?
  6. What is the current issues of pavilion designs from your group perspective?
Our role in the larger team
  1. Working with the digital making and fabrication for building ideas for the physical prototype
  2. Designing the data communication between the BIM model and other groups (VR/AR/IOT/etc)
  3. BIM can be used as a design tool. We want to see how our input can enrich the design of the pavilion and also document it creatively.
Our road-map as a group
  1. You can include partial interests (1 or 2 people will investigate how data can be communicated in platforms such as FLUX and communicated to VR effectively)
  2. We need to see the group interest and how it will contribute in creating the studio project.
Preliminary Mental Model
  1. Watch: Milton Keynes video on Moodle. It talks about the rich picture and it can be irrelevant as an idea but relevant as a concept of mental maps/ rich picture.
The ‘Rich Picture’ Concept
  1. List all the scenarios to be considered when using BIM
  2. Then justify why you narrowed your search
Ideas from Alexis:
  • Dynamo and BIM is about making design to production easier
  • What I recommend is that you start by thinking about how we might go about the project just with the skills we have so far.
    Example- site analysis, Revit topography, massing, plans, sections and elevations, details, visualisation etc.
  • What information do we need from other groups (complex geometry, parameters for modelling components, services, analysis)
    What information do we need to share with other groups (coordinated drawings, standard components, model — what format?)
  • As the design/model develops, how hard is it to update. Can we identify some logic or repetition which could be automated? How fast are we incorporating changes to our model and how fast are we sharing those changes with others? Is the model accurate based on what we have resolved so far?
  • Why is it better than traditional workflows?
  • When we meet next week I’d like everyone to have something cool to show the group. It doesn’t need to be your own work. In fact all I want is to see that you’ve identified something useful. You’ve understood what it does and have at least a basic understanding of how it works. I then want some ideas from you about what else it may be used for. Make sure you give credit to whoever came up with it.

Day 04: THU 02 MAR 2017

  • We didn’t get a chance to focus on this subject.

Day 05: FRI 03 MAR 2017

  • Watched: Milton Keynes’s video on the ‘Rich Picture’.
  • What we picked up from the video was the idea of translating ideas into simpler ideas/moments that can be easily read as a series of steps/actions/frames portraying the overall picture — the Rich Picture.
It identifies what happened previously/why certain things didn’t work out, why certain actions were taken, what steps worked and what it resulted with. The outcome is what we intend to achieve as an overall goal, but the steps we take are determined by us continuously learning, testing in order to succeed or even failing!
  • Answered some questions with research:
Investigate what the current problems are and how you can define it

Q: What are the problems of current designs and pavilions?

  • [http://www.domusweb.it/en/architecture/2014/01/07/99_failures_and_onepavilion.html]
    Yusuke Obuchi explains at the moment architects are able to give very precise instructions of geometries of their designs, but construction to a great extent still relies on the traditional means of building.
  • Therefore, how can we transfer information from the digital to accurately determine positions of objects, rather than traditionally measuring/setting out?
  1. What do we mean by 6D documentation?
2D An overarching term for 2D CAD, 2D drawings (hand or software generated), or the process of producing 2D drawings.
3D An overarching term for 3D CAD, or a 3D model, or the process of producing a 3D model. 3D clash detection (or simply: clash detection) The process of identifying collisions between, or interpenetrations of Model Elements. This can also include identifying Model Elements that lie within a predefined proximity to others.
4D BIM or 4D construction sequencing A 3D model linked to time or scheduling data. Model objects and elements with this data attached can be used for construction scheduling analysis and management. It can also be used to create animations of project construction processes. Source: NATSPEC National BIM Guide, 2011.
5D The process of dividing the project into logical locations and sequence; and linking external data relating to resource (equipment and labour) and material rates to the objects within the aggregate models, for the purposes of cost and 4D planning.

Q: Is there a problem in representing design in 2D drawings?

[http://www.concurrent-engineering.co.uk/Blog/bid/85362/2D-CAD-design-The-pros-and-cons-of-digital-concept-designs]

Advantages:

  • Accurate version of hand drawing
  • Line-weight on drawings make it easy to read
  • Interoperability between different softwares (Architects, Engineers, Surveyers, and programmers)

Disadvantages

  • Designed for creating engineering drawings rather than concept design
  • Cannot be relied on for digital prototyping/fabrication
  • Difficult to explore the full range of design options

Q: How is documentation working on site currently?

[https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd451087.aspx]

Tools:

  • Every company and occupation use various software in the process of documentation. Therefore, collection and management of information can get lost in the organisation.

Information:

  • “Consistency and quality of information is based on the individual who authors the document. There is no real guarantee that all concerns will be addressed.”

Process:

  • What was designed is often not what is deployed. There are difficulties with tracking these today in documents

Collaboration:

  • Working with other designers, engineers, etc can turn into a process-intensive effort with the logistics of a document — for example, dealing with file sharing, updating several versions of a file as well as tracking these changes

Q: Can we just produce 3D models which is data enabled and forget about conventional way of documentation?

[http://papers.cumincad.org/data/works/att/acadia11_226.content.pdf]

Aligning real and virtual construction [http://aecmag.com/59-features/1176-aligning-real-and-virtual-construction]

BIM Interactive — About Combining BIM and Virtual Reality [http://papers.cumincad.org/data/works/att/ecaade2015_329.content.pdf]

Beyond BIM: Architecture Information Modeling By Danelle Briscoe

AN INTRODUCTION TO FLUX.IO: [https://blog.productspec.net/category/bim/]

  • “Flux is an online data repository that allows users to push geometry and other data from architectural software such as Revit and Rhino to the cloud, and vice versa. What this means is that a user or a group of users working with Flux can create parametric objects that transcend programs — for example, stretching the floor plate of a building in Revit and updating an excel spreadsheet in real time to identify the effect of the change on the total cost of the building.”
a visualisation of Flux’s data flow interface

Q: What is the current issues of pavilion designs from your group perspective?

[http://www.aecmag.com/59-features/1166-virtual-reality-for-architecture-a-beginner-s-guide]

Today, we started to draw out our thinking and thought process in determining the pathway for our group. Individually, we aim to divide this into 3 areas of focus, which is then branched out again to more specific examples:

Day 05 [03/03/17]: The BIM Group’s Initial ‘Rich Picture’

We did a bit of research regarding BIM:

3D, 4D, 5D, 6D and 7D: [http://www.bimpanzee.com/bim-3d-4d--5d--6d---7d.html]

BIM6D: [http://bim6d.es/en/scope/]

Building Information Modeling: What is B.I.M.? Pete Fowler 2014 [http://www.petefowler.com/blog/2014/03/26/building-information-modeling]

Digital Workflows in Architecture by Scott Marble: [https://issuu.com/birkhauser.ch/docs/dd_da_di_fv6_issuu_1]

BIM in Practice: [http://wp.architecture.com.au/bim/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/2014/07/BIM-What-is-it.pdf]

AA Agendas 8: Nine Problems in the Form of a Pavilion [https://issuu.com/aaschool/docs/nine_problems]

99 failures for one pavilion [http://www.domusweb.it/en/architecture/2014/01/07/99_failures_and_onepavilion.html]

Interdisciplinary Design: [https://issuu.com/actar/docs/interdisciplinary_design]

Closing the gap — Information Models in Contemporary Design Practice: [https://issuu.com/mag_lab/docs/closing_the_gap_information_models_]

Solibri Journal 2016 Issue 6: [https://issuu.com/solibri/docs/solibri_magazine_final_highres]

From the initial sketch of the Rich Picture, we decided to develop it further by exploring connections between the other groups:

Day 05 [03/03/17]: The BIM Group’s Developed ‘Rich Picture’

Day 06: SAT 04 MAR 2017 — Day 07: SUN 05 MAR 2017

Day 06 [04/03/17]: Interpreted ‘Rich Picture’ Concept into cleanly laid out diagram

Above is the reinterpreted result of the ‘Rich Picture’ we developed on Friday. This diagram combines all areas of each group’s intentions/opportunities whilst figuring out our role (as the BIM group) and where we fit into the realm of starting with a conceptual project to a realised solution.