Report a Security Vulnerability Like a pro in less than 15 min!
Bug bounty programs have become a major part of the security industry. They offer corporations, government agencies, and even individuals the opportunity to find vulnerabilities in their software and networks. In turn, these organizations can use that information to improve their products and services for customers who are willing to pay money for them.
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the vulnerabilities found in a given system and also to provide recommendations for resolving them. This can be done by providing details about each vulnerability, along with its impact on your organization.
2. Executive Summary
The executive summary is a brief overview of your findings, explaining them in an easy-to-read manner. It should include:
What is the main problem?
What are the main findings?
How did you find the vulnerability? (e.g., user input or web API)
What’s the impact of this vulnerability?
How do we fix this vulnerability?
How did we report this vulnerability to our stakeholders/audience
3. Timeline of the Report
A timeline is a great way to present the report in chronological order. It can include:
Date of discovery (or when it was first reported),
Date of reporting (the date you reported the issue), and
Date of fix or resolution, if applicable
4. Vulnerability Details
In this section, you will be required to describe the vulnerability in detail and include a description of its impact on your organization’s cybersecurity posture. You must also provide information about how it can be exploited or fixed by users who have access to it (e.g., through malicious code).
5. Material & Evidence Links
The Materials & Evidence links will help you find the original report, as well as any other information that might be useful. If there’s a video demonstration available with your vulnerability report, we’ll link it here too!
6. Impact of the Vulnerabilities
You should also consider the impact of these vulnerabilities. What is the impact of each vulnerability? How bad are they? How can you exploit them? What are the possible consequences of this vulnerability, and what does that mean for your company?
7. Proof of Concept (POC)
A Proof of Concept (POC) is a tool used to demonstrate the impact of a vulnerability. It’s also known as an Exploit and can be used for testing purposes, but it isn’t always easy to create one.
To create an effective POC, you’ll want to:
Understand how your target platform works and what its security requirements are.
Decide what kind of exploit would be most effective; and
Develop a plan based on these factors.
If you find a vulnerability in the software, it is important to inform the vendor. The vendor may not have time to fix it if they don’t know about it.
If you’ve already filled out this section of your report and are still having trouble finding any reference materials or evidence links, try searching again using different words or search terms (e.g., “software security”). You may have missed something!
Hopefully, you have a solid idea about how to prepare a professional report for any future upcoming bug bounty/vulnerability disclosure program.
A great way to start is by being clear and concise. If you’re writing an email, make sure it doesn’t contain any typos or grammatical errors; if you’re writing on paper, don’t use too many abbreviations; and if you’re presenting in person (or online), be sure that everyone can understand what’s being said without having to ask questions first!
A good rule of thumb when preparing your report is this: try not to repeat yourself more than twice in each paragraph/section/item within the document itself (unless specifically asked). Also, make sure whatever information goes into this report isn’t already available elsewhere online already — especially given how popular these types of programs are becoming nowadays!
With these steps, you’re now all set to prepare your own vulnerability report and the process of Drafting a report hardly takes around 15 minutes in a worst-case scenario. Making a quality report is the key here.
In conclusion, it is important to follow these steps in order to prepare a professional vulnerability report. In addition, you can use these tools as examples for your own reports: