Proposed by Connect Archives Initiative
According to Open Knowledge Foundation, OpenGLAM defines cultural heritage collections (Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums) which are utilising the full potentials of the Internet given opportunities regarding global audience engagement through a more discoverable and connected presence that can be enjoyed, contributed, participated and shared. Cultural institutions with open access to their collections and metadata can utilise the most of these opportunities.
In line with OpenGLAM principles SCENESOR aims to create a HUB to aggregate metadata and media content from project participant collections. Independently from archive institutions’ official catalogues and as a supplementary cross-catalogue interface, SCENESOR HUB page will provide a creative space, where curators, programmers, researchers and the audience can freely interact with and re-interpret the preserved film heritage. Interactive tools will allow organising content and data, based on user interests. Thematic playlists, edited in collaboration between users will enable to intermix heritage media with user-generated content. Real-life and online communities will be engaged to take part in the contextualisation work of the archives by improving the metadata of collection items. Public contributed metadata via SCENESOR HUB page will be accessible for institutions for validation and transfer to their official web catalogues.
1.2 Planned features of the HUB page
- Cross-collection search engine;
- User registration (user accounts);
- SVOD service subscription for educational/cultural institutions;
- Users can favourite/bookmark and organise items according to their interests;
- User-generated content (UGC) submission (photo, video, audio, text);
- Thematic, shared playlists / intermix collection items with UGC;
- Providing metadata editing/contribution tools for users (crowdsourcing);
- Validate and transfer crowdsourced metadata by partner archives to their database;
- Data integration with global knowledge bases;
- Open Data platform;
1.3 SCENESOR SVOD
Besides audience engagement OpenGLAM features, SCENESOR HUB will provide subscription based video on demand media distribution option for participant content providers as an optional feature. Providing online access to digital copies of film and video works can be a challenging task for archives in regards to possible copyright constraints or ambiguities. By taking into account the copyright restrictions while obtaining a broad access to audio-visual materials as much as possible, SCENESOR’s backend system will offer a multi-tiered rights management and access control for digital video assets. The feature will be available for content provider archives’ to assign the level of access to their content.
Videos with restricted access will be available for educational and research purposes for GLAM and educational institutions who subscribe to the SVOD service of SCENESOR HUB. The subscription fee revenue will be redistributed between content provider partners in the proportion of the consumption of their media assets. This non-profit model could contribute to the sustainability of the project and engage content development activities at partner collections.
SCENESOR’s Open Data strategy development
Connect Archive Initiative (CAI) proposes to develop a comprehensive strategy based on OpenGLAM principles through a series of discussion between SCENESOR partners and project participants. The aim is to implement the evolved plan in the frame of SCENESOR HUB project in collaboration with SCENESOR’s technology partner (Mnémé System). To initiate the discussion, this outline defines the key aspects of two OpenGLAM practices such as Open data and crowdsourcing practices.
In the context of the outline ‘data’ and ‘Open data’ are referred solely to descriptive metadata, that is information about collection items which can help their public discovery via the Internet. Administrative metadata or any relevant non-public data of the collection items are not subject of this outline.
2.2 Open data is
- “data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike”;
- available for everybody, without any restriction; for any purpose, including commercial reuse and intermixing data with other datasets;
- the condition of free data flow between various information systems (legal interoperability);
2.3 Benefits of Open data (OD)
- Works as ‘advertisement’ of the content. Web wide free dissemination of object’s metadata enhances the visibility of the collection and its items;
- OD is in line with public mission of institutions to provide widest possible access to cultural heritage;
- Increases brand value — represents authenticity, transparency, progressivity and brings access democratisation to a new level;
- Audience engagement by enabling new interpretations and interactions with users (e.g. app or Web project developments by third parties);
- OD publication is an expectation of EU and funding bodies;
- Data publishing and context widening opportunity via open knowledge bases such as Wikidata and Europeana;
2.4 Relevant concepts (Linked Open Data and Crowdsourcing)
Linked Open Data (LOD) is the essential framework to provide technical interoperability between repositories and to utilise the full potential of OD. LOD structured metadata can be interlinked between institutions’ holdings and connected/referenced by external open data resources as well. As a result, labour-intensive metadata production efficiency can be improved, while LOD also facilitates the Web-wide contextualisation of the collection and its items. Linking existing metadata to external resources for data enrichment purposes can create significant value for institutions, and it is also an increasing expectation of funding bodies.
Crowdsourcing practices could extend further the source of enrichment by involving the public to collection management tasks via collaborative data creation. Crowdsourcing also holds the potential to form a new kind of relationship between institutions and their audiences by increasing the sense of public ownership and level of engagement.
2.5 Key elements to include into OD strategy
Adoption of OD, LOD and crowdsourcing practices requires strategy and interactive tools developments that can be challenging tasks for collections by their own efforts. Moreover, as the primary aim of these concepts is to facilitate collaborative information management, the development needs to be delivered in a coordinated way between the institutions.
CAI identified the key aspects where methods and relevant technology solutions need to be defined during a series of dialogues between CAI partners. The five aspects are:
- OD licensing
- OD publication
- LOD structure adoption
- Interactive tools for metadata crowdsourcing
- Validation of enriched data
2.6 Potentials of Wikidata
Wikidata as the main Global Knowledge Base is the ideal external platform to interconnect with SECENSOR HUB. An integration of Wikidata can help to achieve all aspects of the Publish/Enrich/Reuse strategy.
Wikidata is a(n)
- open data publication channel with LOD structured data output;
- global knowledge base to enrich and contextualize information by interconnecting data with reliable sources such as VIAF, Getty Vocabularies;
- crowdsourcing platform;
2.7 Open data flow concept
As an initial concept CAI proposes for an OD Publish/Enrich/Reuse method as described in the table below: