The problem with programming languages is that there are so many of them, it is difficult to choose. When I ran into this problem, I searched the Web for answers.
1. Download Haskell
“The command line development tools are required prior to installation.
If you have /usr/bin/ld available in a shell, you should be good to go. If not: On OS 10.7 or later, choose one of the following:Download and install Command Line Tools for Xcode. Despite the name, you don’t need Xcode installed!After installing Xcode (4.3 or later), choose Preferences, then pick the Downloads panel. There you can download and install the Command Line Tools as an optional component. This installs the same package as listed in the above option. If you have Xcode prior to 4.3, depending on how you installed it, you may already have the command line tools. If not, consider the first option above. On OS 10.6, 32-bit, use Xcode 3.2 or later: Choose the “Customize…” button during installation and choose UNIX Development. 64-bit version requires Xcode 4.1 or later. The command line tools and/or Xcode can be downloaded for free from Apple’s developer website, you do need to register as a developer (also free).”
Haskell is named after logician Haskell Curry. Therefore through logic, Haskell is a language by a logician and is likely good for logical problems.
One of the cool things about Haskell is the community and documentation. The Haskell Wiki is full of great information about the language itself and what it can be used for. As far as I can tell, there is nothing quirky at all about the compiler and, also, the Web is full of code samples to learn from.
Jenn Schiffer is an engineer of many languages and writer about all the other ones. She is very skinny in that she is covered in skin.