70 Years Ago Today, In A City Called Hiroshima.
“Fat Man” was the name of the first gun-type fission bomb, that shot an extremely dense piece of uranium into a larger mass of enriched Uranium-235. It took 130,00 people and it cost $2 billion ($26 billion in today’s dollars) in an effort called the Manhattan Project, one of the largest industrial efforts to create a weapon, created not just o bring Japan to its knees, but to scare the Soviet Union, ascendant after defeating the Nazis.
A B-29 Super Fortress took off from Tinian Island on the morning of August 6th, 1945 and a little after 8 AM, the bomb bay doors of the Enola Gay, piloted by Paul Tibbets.
In between 60,000 and 80,000 people died instantly. It was probably not the only reason Japan surrendered. But it helped. And in the next 70 years, it has been the big stick of American foreign policy.