2020 in Review: What We’ve Learned about Data-Driven Problem Solving in a Year of Crises

The GovLab
Dec 16, 2020 · 22 min read

By The GovLab Data Program Team

Image from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases on Flickr

It’s been a year that no one will forget. Between devastating Australian bushfires, a global pandemic, the largest economic recession since the Great Depression, the US presidential election, worldwide protests against police brutality, Brexit, a massive explosion in Beirut’s port, wildfires on the US West Coast, and a record-breaking hurricane season (among other developments), this year has seen plenty of world-shifting events.

We’ve tried to learn from these crises and help decision makers meet the immense challenges they face. This work included strengthening the ability of public interest institutions to work more openly, collaboratively, effectively, and legitimately. Toward that end, many of our projects were focused on making data collaboration systematic, sustainable and responsible.

Below, we provide:

  • A selection of key findings and achievements across the projects we worked on this year to help policymakers, practitioners, and other decision-makers re-use data to address the many crises we face. Each entry includes a list of recommended readings that provide more context for the project.
  • A full list of the over 50 publications, initiatives, panels, and other projects that we’ve launched this year in a reversed chronological manner (starting with December 2020). Each of these resources seeks to support data stewards working in government, the private sector, academia, and elsewhere better pursue systematic, sustainable, and responsible data collaboration in the public interest.

Highlights of Findings & Achievements

The Open Data Policy Lab: “The Open Data Policy Lab supports decision-makers at the local, state and national levels as they accelerate the responsible re-use and opening of data for the benefit of society and the equitable spread of economic opportunity.”

The 100 Questions Initiative: “The 100 Questions seeks to improve the set of questions that if answered — using new data sources and data science — could transform the way we solve a variety of 21st-century challenges.”

AI Localism: “AI Localism, a term coined by Stefaan Verhulst and Mona Sloane, refers to the actions taken by local decision-makers to address the use of AI within a city or community. AI Localism has often emerged because of gaps left by incomplete state, national or global governance frameworks.”

Data4COVID19: “#Data4COVID19 is a series of projects undertaken by The GovLab — with partners such as the OECD, Open Data Charter, Luce Foundation, Microsoft, Rockefeller Foundation, SDSN TRENDS, World Economic Forum, University of Washington, and others — to identify, collect, and analyze the value data can provide to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.”

The Data Assembly: “The Data Assembly is an initiative from The GovLab supported by the Henry Luce Foundation to solicit diverse, actionable public input on data re-use for crisis response in the United States. The initiative began in the summer of 2020 with an initial focus on the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.”

Data Stewards Network: “This first-of-its-kind Data Stewards Network brings together responsible data leaders from across corporations to share knowledge and jointly advance a new, more professionalized approach for data collaboration.”

Responsible Data for Children: “RD4C seeks to build awareness regarding the need for special attention to data issues affecting children — especially in this age of changing technology and data linkage; and to engage with governments, communities, and development actors to put the best interests of children and a child rights approach at the center of our data activities.”

Chronological Overview of Curated Highlights

The 100 Questions: Launch of the Governance Domain

“The Governance Lab (The GovLab) at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, along with the The Asia Foundation, the Centre for Strategic and International Studies in Indonesia, and the BRAC Institute of Governance and Development, announce the launch of the Governance domain of The 100 Questions Initiative, which identifies the most pressing, impactful questions for which data and data science have the potential to answer.”

The 100 Questions: Public Voting for the Future of Work

“Recent technological advances are changing the way we do business, govern, and interact with each other. This shift is causing some concern over the future of work as technological innovations such as artificial intelligence and automation affect work. This challenge requires all members of the society to take action that will ensure technology creates a future that works and benefits everyone.”

#Data4COVID19 Africa Challenge

“From now through February 5, 2020, Agence Française de Développement (AFD), together with Expertise France and The GovLab, is soliciting innovative proposals (re)using data in a collaborative and responsible way to provide actionable intelligence for decision-makers and people to respond to COVID-19 and future pandemic challenges across Africa.”

Data Collaboration in the Age of COVID-19 Panel at the MyData Conference Online 2020 with Stefaan Verhulst, Claudia Juech, JoAnn Stonier, Kelly Jin, and Dave Green

“In the ongoing Covid19 crisis, several data collaborative models have emerged. This session will compare recent experiences; discuss lessons from real-world partnerships and consider whether these efforts have yielded value. In particular, we will consider ways to lower the transaction costs involved by professionalizing and systematizing certain roles within both the public and the private sector — such as data stewards.”

Inaugural BD4M Webinar Series: Estimating migrant stocks and flows using social media data with Stefaan Verhulst, Frank Laczko, and Michele Vespe

“The webinar series Harnessing Data Innovation for Migration Policy launched by the BD4M, aims to discuss good practices in using non-traditional data sources in the realms of migration and human mobility. Drawing on good practices from around the world and across different sectors, the series will bridge technical and practical aspects by providing hands-on insights into how non-traditional data sources have been utilized to analyze migration and inform policy.”

The responsible use of data for and about children: treading carefully and ethically Q&A with Andrew Young and Stefaan Verhulst

“In this series of Q&A, we speak with Stefaan G. Verhulst and Andrew Young from GovLab, (an action-oriented do-tank located at NYU) who are working in collaboration with UNICEF on an initiative called Responsible Data for Children initiative (RD4C) . Its focus is on data — the risks it poses to children, as well as the opportunities it offers.”

The Data Assembly Responsible Data Re-Use Framework by Andrew Young, Stefaan G. Verhulst, Nadiya Safonova, and Andrew J. Zahuranec

“The Data Assembly […] began in the summer of 2020 with an initial focus on the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City. The GovLab, New York Public Library, and Brooklyn Public Library co-hosted remote deliberations with three “mini-publics” featuring data holders and policymakers, representatives of civic rights and advocacy organizations, and New Yorkers from across the five boroughs. These deliberations yielded five key takeaways regarding the responsible re-use of data for COVID-19.”

The Emergence of a Third Wave of Open Data by Stefaan G. Verhulst, Andrew Young, Andrew J. Zahuranec, Susan Ariel Aaronson, Ania Calderon, and Matt Gee

“In this piece, we argue […] limitations necessitate additional improvements to accelerate the re-use of data to unleash the public good potential of the digital era. We reflect on the potential of what we call the “Third Wave of Open Data.” We discuss both what we see as the emerging elements of this wave and the actions several players have taken that may contribute to its realization. In doing so, we propose actions for how policymakers and data practitioners might address the limitations of previous waves and outline a set of actions that could accelerate data re-use and collaboration.”

Sourcing the 100 Questions That Matter: State of Play, Lessons Learned, and Next Steps by Alexandra Shaw and Stefaan Verhulst

“In what follows, we briefly describe four key areas with regard to The 100 Questions Initiative: the 1) current ‘state of play,’ 2) its defining characteristics, 3) lessons learned, and 4) areas where we can advance.”

Toward Responsible Data Re-Use for COVID-19 in New York City: Key Takeaways from The Data Assembly by Aditi Ramesh, Andrew Young, and Andrew J. Zahuranec

“With support from The Henry Luce Foundation, The GovLab launched The Data Assembly to pioneer a new methodology re-imagining how we engage society in creating ideas for data re-use. The Data Assembly aims to collect and synthesize actionable, diverse, public input to identify concerns, expectations, and opportunities in data-driven response to COVID-19. More importantly, it aims to identify the necessary conditions and procedures to enable responsible re-use for crisis response now and in the future.”

Data Collaborative Case Study #4: Leveraging Telecom Data to Aid Humanitarian Efforts by By Michelle Winowatan, Andrew J. Zahuranec, Andrew Young, and Stefaan Verhulst

“This is the fourth installment of an ongoing series of case studies on Data Collaboratives and Data Stewardship. . These case studies intend to provide insights toward leveraging private data for public good in a systematic, sustainable and responsible manner.”

Data to Go: The Value of Data Portability as a Means to Data Liquidity by Juliet McMurren and Stefaan Verhulst

“[W]e have been exploring the current literature on data portability and liquidity, searching for lessons and insights into the benefits that can be unlocked when data liquidity is enabled through the right to data portability. Below we identify some of the greatest potential benefits for society, individuals, and data-holding organizations.”

Responsible Group Data for Children by Andrew Young

“To achieve Responsible Data for Children (RD4C) and ensure effective and legitimate governance of children’s data, government policymakers, data practitioners, and institutional decision makers need to ensure children’s group data are a core consideration in all relevant policies, procedures, and practices.”

Selected Readings on Indigenous Data Sovereignty by Juliet McMurren

“In this edition, to recognize and honor Indigenous Peoples’ Day, we have curated below a selection of literature on Indigenous data sovereignty (IDS), the principle that Indigenous peoples should be able to control the data collected by and about them, to determine how and by whom it is accessed, stored, and used, and to develop data practices and methodologies that reflect their lived experiences, cultures, and worldviews.”

AI Localism

“Today, The GovLab is excited to launch a new platform which seeks to monitor, analyze and guide how AI is being governed in cities around the world: AI Localism. AI Localism refers to the actions taken by local decision-makers to address the use of AI within a city or community. AI Localism has often emerged because of gaps left by incomplete state, national or global governance frameworks.”

Selected Readings on Data Portability by Juliet McMurren, Andrew Young, and Stefaan G. Verhulst

“As part of an ongoing effort to build a knowledge base for the field of improving governance through technology, The GovLab publishes a series of Selected Readings, which provide an annotated and curated collection of recommended works on themes such as open data, data collaboration, and civic technology. In this edition, we explore selected literature on data portability.”

The World is On Fire. Data Can Help. by Andrew J. Zahuranec

“Data is key to achieving serious reductions in carbon emissions and blunting climate change’s ongoing impact. Through improved situational awareness, a better understanding of cause and effect, enhanced predictive capabilities, or real-time impact assessments — all possible by leveraging data in new ways — we can develop the policies and interventions needed for this crisis. Organizations such as the International Open Data Charter and the World Resources Institute have already published guides showing how open data assets can be used to pursue these values for climate action.”

The Practice and Potential of Blockchain Technologies for Extractive Sector Governance by Stefaan G. Verhulst, Andrew Young, and Daniella Heard

“Important questions are being raised about whether blockchain technologies can contribute to solving governance challenges in the mining, oil and gas sectors. This report seeks to begin addressing such questions, with particular reference to current blockchain applications and transparency efforts in the extractive sector.”

Data for Policy 2020 Conference

“The Fifth International Data for Policy Conference [took] place virtually September 15–17, 2020. The Data for Policy conference series is the premier global forum for multiple disciplinary and cross-sector discussions around the theories, applications and implications of data science innovation in governance and the public sector.”

Vulnerable Publics: International Perspectives Blue Ribbon Panel with Andrew Young

“The GovLab’s Knowledge Director Andrew Young recently participated in the Vulnerable Publics: International Perspectives Blue Ribbon Panel. His remarks centered on Responsible Data for Children (RD4C), an initiative created in partnership with UNICEF to advance the safe and ethical handling of data for and about children. Andrew discussed how the 7 RD4C Principles can be applied in the context of COVID-19.”

Summer of Open Data

“The Summer of Open Data was a three-month project spearheaded by the Open Data Policy Lab (an initiative of The GovLab with support from Microsoft) in partnership with the Digital Trade & Data Governance Hub, Open Data Institute, the Open Data Charter, and BrightHive. From July through September 2020, we spoke with data experts in local and regional governments, national statistical agencies, international bodies, and private companies to advance our understanding of The Third Wave of Open Data.”

Panel on Redefining the Role of Data Stewardship and Data Collaboration for COVID-19

“In a panel published Tuesday for the 2020 Responsible Data Summit, The GovLab’s Co-Founder and Chief Research and Development Officer Stefaan Verhulst spoke with real-world data stewards Claudia Juech (Cloudera Foundation), Richard Benjamins (Telefonica), and Brennan Lake (Cuebiq) about the value of their role. Addressing the renewed need for data amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, they spoke specifically about how they had contributed to the COVID-19 response and recovery effort.”

Adolescent Mental Health: Using A Participatory Mapping Methodology to Jointly Identify Key Topics, Questions, and Priorities for Future Work and Data Collaboration by Alexandra Shaw, Andrew J. Zahuranec, Andrew Young, Stefaan G. Verhulst, Jennifer Requejo, and Liliana Carvajal

“In June, The GovLab partnered with colleagues at UNICEF’s Health and HIV team in the Division of Data, Analysis, Planning & Monitoring and the Data for Children Collaborative — a collaboration between UNICEF, the Scottish Government, and the University of Edinburgh — to design and apply a new methodology of participatory mapping and prioritization of key topics and issues associated with adolescent mental health that could be addressed through enhanced data collaboration.”

Data Collaboratives [Encyclopedia Entry] by Andrew Young and Stefaan G. Verhulst

“Data collaboratives are an emerging form of public-private partnership in which actors from across sectors exchange and analyze data, or provide data science insights and expertise to create new public value and generate fresh insights (Verhulst & Sangokoya, 2015). Data collaboratives, sometimes referred to as “corporate data philanthropy” (Taddeo, 2017), can be considered a new form of corporate social responsibility in the data age (Verhulst, 2017).”

Data Assembly

“The Data Assembly is an initiative from The GovLab supported by the Henry Luce Foundation to solicit diverse, actionable public input on data re-use for crisis response in the United States. The initiative began in the summer of 2020 with an initial focus on the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.”

Big Data for Migration Alliance

“The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission joined forces with The Governance Lab (The GovLab) at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering to launch an online home for the Big Data for Migration (BD4M) Alliance, the first-ever global network dedicated to facilitating responsible data innovation and collaboration for informed decision making on migration and human mobility.”

Gender gaps in urban mobility by Laetitia Gauvin, Michele Tizzoni, Simone Piaggesi, Andrew Young, Natalia Adler, Stefaan Verhulst, Leo Ferres & Ciro Cattuto

“Here we study urban mobility from a gendered perspective, combining commercial and open datasets for the city of Santiago, Chile. We analyze call detail records for a large cohort of anonymized mobile phone users and reveal a gender gap in mobility: women visit fewer unique locations than men, and distribute their time less equally among such locations.”

How Data Can Map and Make Racial Inequality More Visible (If Done Responsibly)

“The GovLab developed this living reflection document with diverse input from our network to help identify the opportunities, risks, challenges, and lessons about the use of data to make racial inequalities more visible and the ways it may be systematically and collaboratively countered.”

Online Workshop on Solving Urban Challenges Using Data

“On Thursday, June 11th at 11:30am, the NYU Center for Urban Science + Progress and The Governance Lab at NYU Tandon are hosting an online workshop: Solving Urban Challenges Using Data: Toward a Data Skills Toolkit for Public Employees to Shape the Future. This online workshop will seek to inform the creation of NYU’s new data skills program and to highlight key considerations, opportunities, and challenges more generally.”

The 100 Questions Disinformation Domain

“Today, The Governance Lab (The GovLab) at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering announced a partnership with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development that will focus on addressing a topic of growing public concern: disinformation. The new collaboration is part of The 100 Questions Initiative, an effort to identify the most important societal questions for which greater access to data and data science methods could find answers.”

Selected Readings on AI for Development by Dominik Baumann, Jeremy Pesner, Alexandra Shaw, Stefaan Verhulst, Michelle Winowatan, Andrew Young, Andrew J. Zahuranec

“In this edition, we explore selected literature on AI and Development. While the majority of AI initiatives today come from the private sector, international development actors increasingly experiment with AI-enabled programs. These initiatives focus on, for example, climate modelling, urban mobility, and disease transmission. These early efforts demonstrate the promise of AI for supporting more efficient, targeted, and impactful development efforts. Yet, the intersection of AI and development remains nascent, and questions remain regarding how this emerging technology can deliver on its promise while mitigating risks to intended beneficiaries.”

Selected Readings on Open Data Legislation and Policy by Danuta Egle

“To aid in the development and feasible implementation of open data legislation, this curated reading list examines institutional proposals and legislative examples to guide the design of comprehensive open data laws. These materials offer an outline of the founding (and evolving) principles of open data, principles of open access and information, assessment tools, institutional practices, privacy risks and strategy, guidelines for fostering public-private partnerships, and maturity and sustainability models.”

The 100 Questions: Gender

“As part of efforts to identify priorities across sectors in which data and data science could make a difference, The Governance Lab (The GovLab) at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering has partnered with Data2X, the gender data alliance housed at the United Nations Foundation, to release ten pressing questions on gender that experts have determined can be answered using data. Members of the public are invited to share their views and vote to help develop a data agenda on gender.”

Data4COVID19 Round-Up and Newsletter

“This short-term, weekly curation will provide you with notable updates to the #Data4COVID19 data collaborative repository and other information meant to facilitate data stewardship in the ongoing pandemic.”

Data Collaborative Case Study #3: The Atlas of Inequality and Cuebiq’s Data for Good Initiative by Michelle Winowatan, Andrew Young, and Stefaan Verhulst

“This is the third installment of an ongoing series of case studies on Data Collaboratives and Data Stewardship. These case studies intend to provide insights toward leveraging private data for public good in a systematic, sustainable and responsible manner.”

Global AI Ethics Consortium (GAIEC) on Ethics and the Use of Data and Artificial Intelligence in the Fight Against COVID-19 and other Pandemics

“The TUM Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence has led the way in the creation of the Global AI Ethics Consortium (GAIEC), joining forces with academic institutions, research centers and distinguished members of academia worldwide in order to foster trust in data and technology, maximize the potential of AI while limiting its harms, help all the involved parties navigate current uncertainty and create ethical frameworks.”

Mapping how data can help address COVID-19 by Andrew J. Zahuranec and Stefaan G. Verhulst

“Using The GovLab’s rapid-research methodology, we’ve compiled a list of 12 topic areas related to COVID-19 where data and analysis is needed.“

New Tool to Establish Responsible Data Collaboratives in the Time of COVID-19 by Andrew Young

“Today, to support the development of data collaboratives in a responsible and agile way, we are sharing a new tool that addresses the complexity in preparing a Data Sharing Agreement from Contracts for Data Collaboration (a joint initiative of SDSN-TReNDS, the World Economic Forum, The GovLab, and the University of Washington’s Information Risk Research Initiative). Providing a checklist to support organizations with reviewing, negotiating and preparing Data Sharing Arrangements, the intent is to strengthen stakeholder trust and help accelerate responsible data sharing arrangements given the urgency of the global pandemic.”

The Potential of Data Collaboratives for COVID-19 by Stefaan Verhulst

“As we explain in what follows, there is ample evidence that the re-use of data can help mitigate health pandemics. A robust (if somewhat unsystematized) body of knowledge could direct policymakers and others in their efforts. In the second part of this article, we outline eight steps that key stakeholders can and should take to better re-use data in the fight against COVID-19. “

The Open Data Policy Lab

“[W]ith support from Microsoft and under the counsel of a global advisory board of open data leaders, The GovLab is launching an initiative designed precisely to build such a resource. Our Open Data Policy Lab will draw on lessons and experiences from around the world to conduct analysis, provide guidance, build community, and take action to accelerate the responsible re-use and opening of data for the benefit of society and the equitable spread of economic opportunity.”

On the occasion of the launch, The GovLab published a new Open Data Index. “For the last few years, The GovLab has curated and identified hundreds of studies on the use and value of opening up data while conducting numerous detailed case studies seeking to understand what makes open data impactful. For the launch of the Open Data Policy Lab, we went through these studies again and selected 10 insights that have statistical and numerical evidence and estimates on the wide-ranging value of open data — with a particular focus on open government data.”

The Responsible Data for Children (RD4C) Toolkit and Case Studies

“The RD4C Data Ecosystem Mapping Tool intends to help users to identify the systems generating data about children and the key components of those systems. After using this tool, users will be positioned to understand the breadth of data they generate and hold about children; assess data systems’ redundancies or gaps; identify opportunities for responsible data use; and achieve other insights.”

“The RD4C Case Studies analyze data systems deployed in diverse country environments, with a focus on their alignment with the RD4C Principles. This week’s release includes case studies arising from field missions to Romania, Kenya, and Afghanistan in 2019.”

Mobile phone data and COVID-19: Missing an opportunity? by Stefaan Verhulst with Nuria Oliver et al.

“This paper describes how mobile phone data can guide government and public health authorities in determining the best course of action to control the COVID-19 pandemic and in assessing the effectiveness of control measures such as physical distancing. It identifies key gaps and reasons why this kind of data is only scarcely used, although their value in similar epidemics has proven in a number of use cases.”

#Data4Covid Call for Action

“The undersigned concerned individuals, all of whom have worked responsibly to harness the potential of data to address critical societal and environmental challenges, call upon major stakeholders to take seven key actions to unleash the potential of #datacollaboration in addressing the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and to improve preparedness for the future.”

#Data4COVID Living Repository

“A living repository for data collaboratives seeking to address the spread of COVID-19.”

OECD–GovLab — Call for Evidence Use of Open Government Data in COVID-19 Outbreak

“The OECD Digital Government and Data Unit and NYU’s The GovLab have issued this call for evidence on the release and use of Open Government Data (OGD) in response to the Covid-19 outbreak […] In the short run, this call for evidence will support knowledge sharing and easy access to relevant practices happening worldwide. In the long run, it will help us generate collective learning to assist governments in understanding and leveraging the data dimension of a crisis.”

Wanted: Data Stewards — Re-defining the roles and responsibilities of data stewards for an age of data collaboration by Stefaan G. Verhulst, Andrew J. Zahuranec, Andrew Young, and Michelle Winowatan

“This paper is meant to inform the on-going exploration of how to enable systematic, sustainable, and responsible re-use of data through cross-sector data collaboration in the public interest (often called Data for Good). Data stewards build trust between organizations, agilely creating relationships between leaders from different sectors and backgrounds.”

Why we need responsible data for children by Stefaan G. Verhulst and Andrew Young in The Conversation

“Child rights organizations are using or exploring the use of a variety of data-driven technologies to bolster services provided to children, including biometrics, digital identity systems, remote-sensing technologies, mobile and social media messaging apps, and administrative data systems […] Given this increasingly datafied environment, and the emerging challenges involved in upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child in our data age, there is a clear need to develop and disseminate responsible approaches for handling data for and about children.”

Designing the 100 Questions for NYC: Panel Reflects on New Science of Questioning During Open Data Week

“New Yorkers face many problems in their daily lives. Whether it’s public health or public transit, residents have many concerns about the place they call home. The question many policymakers face, then, is how to identify the most urgent issues for the public in an open, participatory manner and mobilize the resources needed to solve them. On Tuesday, March 3, 2020, The GovLab and Reaktor facilitated a discussion aimed at tackling this need.”

Realizing the Potential of AI Localism by Stefaan Verhulst and Mona Sloane

“With national innovation strategies focused primarily on achieving dominance in artificial intelligence, the problem of actually regulating AI applications has received less attention. Fortunately, cities and other local jurisdictions are picking up the baton and conducting policy experiments that will yield lessons for everyone.”

Responsible Data for Children (RD4C): 10 Takeaways from the Literature by Andrew Young

“In this piece, we highlight 10 key takeaways from the Selected Readings on RD4C. Our review of the literature focused on policies, technical guidance, and other relevant documentation driving activity in the space. The review was ecosystem-wide, considering not only global policies uniquely focused on children’s data, but also documentation with any relevant guidance or lessons learned.”

The 100 Questions: Future of Work Domain Launch

“The Governance Lab (The GovLab) at NYU Tandon School of Engineering and the Bertelsmann Foundation have partnered to launch the “Future of Work” domain of The 100 Questions Initiative, an effort to identify the most important societal questions for which greater access to data and data science methods could find the answers.”

Data Collaborative Case Study #1: Global Fishing Watch by Michelle Winowatan, Andrew Young, and Stefaan Verhulst

This case study examines the Global Fishing Watch, originally set up through a collaboration between Oceana, SkyTruth and Google. It is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing responsible stewardship of our oceans through increased transparency in fishing activity and scientific research.

The 100 Questions: Migration Domain Voting

“The Governance Lab at New York University Tandon School of Engineering and its partners released the most pressing questions on migration that could be answered leveraging data and data science and asked the public to prioritize the order in which resources should be applied. The questions were curated through an innovative process of sourcing “bilinguals” — individuals who have both subject matter and data expertise.”

Data & Policy Journal

Data & Policy is a peer-reviewed, open access journal dedicated to the impact of data science on policy and governance. In Volume 2 (2020) of Data & Policy, 16 new entries were published — ranging from articles on Data protection issues in cross-border interoperability of Electronic Health Record systems within the European Union to Data Governance and Citizen Participation in the Digital Welfare State.

Data Stewards Network

Responsible Data Leadership to Address the Challenges of…

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