Author’s notice: this article contain a basic explantation of using AR and VR technologies in the construction of buildings. If you are interested to dive deeper into the subject, visit the companies which are using these technologies nowadays. Links attached. Have a nice read.
With the help of advanced AR technology (e.g. adding computer vision, incorporating AR cameras into smartphone applications and object recognition) the information about the surrounding real world of the user becomes interactive and digitally manipulated. Information about the environment and its objects is overlaid on the real world.
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For SmithGroup, it took even less time for VR to advance from its infancy to indispensability. Beyond its clear advantages, this fast adoption of technology may be a harbinger of changes yet to come, including a similarly rapid and impactful transition underway in the form of a related technology: augmented reality (AR).
SmithGroup is using AR in construction administration to ensure a complicated facade is accurately installed.
GAMMA AR is a building site monitoring application that uses augmented reality technology to overlay BIM 3D buildings via smartphones or tablets.5
It allows you to compare the reality of the work with the planning information contained in the project.
GAMMA AR enables 3D BIM (building information modeling) models to be viewed before and during the building process, creating an understanding of planning, avoiding errors and reducing construction costs.
AR in project preparation
New developments in augmented reality are making it possible to generate 3D models directly on a 2D plan. Combined with 3D modeling software and building information modeling (BIM), construction companies can produce detailed, interactive models of building projects and present them to clients at the start of a project.
AR modulation helps prevent costly changes later and keeps clients engaged in the project. It also allows teams to conduct walkthroughs of the entire project before it is executed, closely examining the details and components of the structure.
As you have likely experienced, people are really bad at visualizing complete projects from a set of plans or a 2D drawing. Used in place of virtual reality, it can cut out the step of translating the plans from 3D to 2D drawings and back to a 3D structure. AR puts the model and elements directly onto the site, and you can see changes in real-time.
AR in the construction process
In the construction site, workers can combine 3D models with real-time data. They can see problems and faults in the real world and fix them before ahead of building.
Education. Using this technology construction worker can elevate their skills to a new level, augmenting their knowledge and using it to make better decisions.
With VR, blueprints can be brought to life before a single worker sets foot on the job site. The technology is already in use by McCarthy Building Companies, one of the largest construction firms in the United States.
Clients can make changes to the design quickly and easily, without incurring the expense and logistical infeasibility of altering physical construction.
The main uses of AR here include holographic displays of BIM models, collaboration among team members, and immersion in construction plans.
More and more companies are using Building Information Modeling (BIM) with augmented reality to make 3D blueprints come alive.
Hackathons focused on VR and AR in construction, like AEC Hackathon, are gaining ground with backing from big companies like Autodesk (3d engineering software)and events throughout the year across the country.
Daqri (developer of devices and software for industrial tasks) offers its flagship Smart Glasses paired with their Worksense suite of AR applications. Daqri had developed special AR helmet for construction workers which displays information about construction sites.
AR will gain popularity in the near future. By 2035 at least 10% of the world population will be involved in using the VR an AR technologies. Construction companies will be supplied by Augmented Reality. And parties skipping that technological update will leave the market.