How Artificial Intelligence is changing the world

Przemek Chojecki
Sep 1 · 7 min read

The technology of AI has been improving every year for the past 20 years, and today it is a very mature technology. Many companies and organizations are actively employing AI in different ways.

AI is also developing into the next generation of computing, where big ideas can come from and many people can become an expert on a new discipline. Today, there are many companies working on various AI projects that are shaping the future of the technology.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

While AI is generally synonymous with artificial intelligence, more technically sophisticated systems can be described as “artificial general intelligence”. These systems are able to solve problems that are very different from those that can be solved with a machine, in an extremely fast and scalable fashion.

Since computer hardware has continued to improve to become incredibly efficient and powerful, many companies have sought to improve on machine learning capabilities — in the form of neural networks. Neural networks are simply algorithms that train one another by combining their experience to perform many different tasks.

Neural networks can now be used to perform tasks that were once performed exclusively by a human brain, such as automatically recognizing faces and speech in images, as well as making decisions based on a set of data such as a person’s previous experiences, or the number of likes they have on a social network. As such, the possibilities for using neural networks to process massive amounts of data in order to reach the answer are limitless.

What is machine learning?

For most of us, the idea of machine learning may sound like science fiction, but it has already been used in a wide variety of applications. The first good example of machine learning was teaching artificial neural networks on how to recognize faces in a database.

Many more applications include the way we understand texts online and what a person writes on a piece of paper. AI can learn in an almost infinite variety of scenarios and situations.

The field has been compared to the internet itself, because of all the ways it can be used to improve our lives.

Machine thinking is a term applied to machines that are able to learn from information. It’s a way of computing information, allowing computers to process data in new and often surprising ways.

The term uses the idea of “learning from mistakes”, meaning machines are able to use data to avoid or learn from mistakes, such as when a user is looking at a website and the image they see is not the perfect image, or when a human reads text and sees a spelling mistake.

What is deep learning?

Deep Learning is a general-purpose, AI-based computer method of classifying a data set as containing “interesting” or “uninteresting” features and producing a training algorithm that can be applied to specific examples.

The machine learns to do math and physics by itself. It learns every bit about the material and the data it looks at. This process has become popularly called “deep learning”, but the term itself is more familiar in the context of “deep neural networks” — networks based on very complex mathematical principles. Deep neural networks can produce stunning results; they can find hidden patterns in data by learning, say, to identify the frequency of one or two letters in a text. This is called backpropagation and takes away a lot of human work thanks to AI technology.

The machine is not intelligent in the traditional sense. It is more like a supercharged brain. The only reason it has developed such a huge brain is that it has been trained to do math, and to remember, and for a very long time.

How do AI companies use machine learning?

There are many ways companies are using artificial intelligence and ML to automate tasks in the workplace and beyond. Here are a few ways companies are using machine learning.

Amazon Amazon’s AI technology and machine learning capabilities have already had a major impact on its business, starting with helping it sell cloud computing and other products more efficiently. Its own AI products use an AI-based approach including, for instance, recommendations based on a company’s customers’ search histories. They are able to better predict what people will want using this approach by understanding customer preferences and customer behavior more fully than a traditional human- and computer-based decision-making technology and algorithm. They also use AI technology to provide better access to content in its Kindle e-book store and to deliver coupons. Amazon’s Amazon’s AI technology and machine learning capabilities have already had a major impact on its business, starting with helping it sell cloud computing and other products more efficiently. Its own AI products use an AI-based approach including, for instance, recommendations based on a company’s customers’ search histories.

Deep Learning became one of the central tools used to run Google’s research labs. Google uses machine learning to power its Google Now voice assistant, and recently launched a special version of Google Assistant, not mentioning search engine and its search algorithms.

Advertising agencies have used machine learning to create better ads that could be targeted to a wider range of users — including advertisers and website partners.

The primary aim of the machine learning techniques used was to improve an ad targeting.

Many AI companies have also published papers exploring the use of machine learning techniques in areas where it is currently less effective because of their limited computational and/or memory resources.

What’s the biggest benefit of using AI?

AI can help you think about the data you generate more efficiently. It can generate more accurate predictions, for example. People who’ve used a machine-learning algorithm to generate recommendations based on a set of facts may have had a false belief, or a false intuition, or a bad understanding of the data. But if you use A.I. to make data-based recommendations, you don’t have to do that. You get a completely natural, natural-language experience. It’s like when we think about Google Assistant but when we think about Siri, we don’t think about how to do one thing and Siri does another, we think about each item as what it might do and what context it might be in.

It also has the opportunity to help create better user experience. A.I. is still a very crude tool — its abilities are still being refined and honed. There’s no substitute for humans to give users context when it comes to making decisions and picking actions.

How fast is AI evolving?

It’s true that we’ve seen very interesting trends, from AI-driven driverless cars to facial recognition software to deep-learning neural networks in the workplace.

AI has the potential to transform the industry, but we’re currently not going to see this happen on its own. In order to create a better world, we first need it to have the necessary resources and expertise to help it work effectively. AI needs the help of the right people, people who know the right tools at the right time.

A lot of people are expecting major breakthroughs in AI by 2020 or later. However, that will likely be some years away from the day when we are fully autonomous and can live in the future. In the meantime, a number of researchers are exploring various approaches that will eventually help us keep up with AI. Examples include autonomous vehicles, deep neural networks, and reinforcement learning. In general, most researchers believe that the more sophisticated machine learning techniques, including those used in these areas, will take a while longer to evolve. But even in this era of rapid AI progress, researchers are finding unexpected ways to improve things by the minute.

Limitless possibilities of using AI

How will humans collaborate with AI in the future? Will AI replace humans? How will AI be different than humans? There is much to be answered if it starts to reach a large scale and become ubiquitous.

The next generation of AI will be much more sophisticated and intelligent. The most obvious difference in these new intelligence systems will be that they will be able to learn rather than do what humans are taught. There will also be other technological differences, like the use of speech-to-text and the integration of computer vision, machine learning algorithms and deep learning. These technologies will create new opportunities in science, engineering, and technology.

The future of technology is not only up for discussion. As technology is continually improving, there is nothing to stop it from going beyond the human limitations. The question is whether humans will be able to be part of the story.

The next generation of AI can be defined as systems that are at least as intelligent as we are, but smarter and more resilient. They can perform feats of technology that today require human-level technology to perform. And they can do work that humans are not able to.

The first generation of AI is here. We know what the future might be like and know how to make it happen.

It is our hope that in the coming years, people will see AI as an exciting opportunity and will help create the jobs of the future.

This text is a part of Synthetic Content series: articles which I have entirely generated by deep learning models and have only done edits and cuts for the optimal presentation and to ensure that no untrue claims are written.

Data Driven Investor

from confusion to clarity, not insanity

Przemek Chojecki

Written by

AI entrepreneur with a PhD in mathematics, Forbes 30 under 30

Data Driven Investor

from confusion to clarity, not insanity