My Thought on Artificial Intelligent

Living Among Machines Essay

Stephen Hawking (2014) said, “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race…. It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever- increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded”. If artificial intelligence (AI) becomes self-optimized and it is capable of upgrading itself over time, this could be the end of the human era. Not only Stephen Hawking was concerned about AI but many notable intellectuals, such as Elon Musk, Sam Harris and Nick Bostrom have all stated genuine concerns for the rise of AI. As a Science Fiction enthusiast, I have watched countless shows and films about artificial intelligence, I could easily picture this scenario. Even though a self-optimized AI seems decades away, extending legal rights and liability coverage including of AI and robots are problems we should be preparing in the present-time due to the increase of artificial intelligence and robots. As far as I am concerned, we should not expand legal rights for AI because it has no consciousness and emotions. Expanding its right will impair moral and human rights ideology. It must be classified as a property, and we must legislate liability coverage to include AI and robots. Therefore, in order to avoid the issues and benefit humankind, we must enact an ideal regulation to reach the accomplishments.

AI does not deserve expanding of legal rights, let alone the same rights as humans. AI is created by a computer program to simulate human thinking abilities and respond in certain ways, alias The Chinese Room, AI has no consciousness or emotions to comprehend itself, unlike humans or animals. In terms of human rights issue, according to Rosa Freedman from The Independent (2014), billions of individuals are not being upheld for fundamental rights. By expanding AI rights with definitely damage the ideology of human rights. In the case of Sophia, the first humanoid citizen by Saudi Arabia, “she” is able to imitate human expressions and may fool us with her sense of humour but she still has a lack of the fundamentals for a conscious being. In a country where several draconian laws are still actively enforced against women rights (BBC, 2018), Saudi Arabia should not grant a robot to have more rights than half of the population. To sum up, expanding legal rights for AI will weaken the notion of human rights and morality.

Liability coverage should include AI and robots. The computer malfunction can occur anytime and must be liable by humans. In order to protect the insured from the risk that the insured may be sued and held legally accountable for the compensation, we must consider liability insurance to comprise AI and robots. To reach the execution, we have to prescribe AI as a property which can be owned. Then if an accident occurs, analyzation and clarification the source of the accident is important to find the person who is responsible for the physical damage. Whether the source comes from the AI producer, AI creator, manufacturer or the owner. In the case of autonomous vehicles, in December 2017, a self-driving car was colliding with a motorcycle while switching lanes. Later, the rider filed the first lawsuit for an accident involving autonomous car in the USA, against General Motors (GM). The complaint alleges that “GM owed (Mr Nilsson, the motorcyclist) a duty of care in having its self-driving vehicle operate in a manner in which it obeys traffic laws and regulations. (GM) breached that duty in that its self-driving vehicle drove in such a negligent manner that it veered into an adjacent lane of traffic without regard for a passing motorist” (Lemberg Law, 2018). In the scenario, liability insurance would ameliorate the coverage of the accident. In conclusion, in order to prevent the risk of liabilities imposed by lawsuits and similar claims, liability coverage must incorporate AI and robots.

Despite my negativity toward AI, I do believe that with the right regulation we can integrate with AI and benefit from it. In order to create an ideal regulation, the governments must understand the economic importance of AI and other impacts on humankind. The lawmakers have to be proactive about the AI situation and put the regulation in place to ensure public safety. As Elon Musk (2017) states, “AI is a rare case where I think we need to be proactive in the regulation instead of reactive because I think by the time we reactive in AI regulation, it’s too late”. The governments must gain insight into the status of AI activities and the producer, in the same way as in medicine, food, vehicle or weapon industries. And adapt the regulations use in ambiguous technologies, such as cloning or nuclear, into the AI policy. if the right legislation is in place, AI will benefit us tremendously. It is not going to displace us but it will enhance us. For example, AI will improve the condition of humankind by solving problems that beyond the capacity of human brains and allow us to focus on elevating the quality of life. Therefore, enact a suitable regulation for AI will have a huge advantage to the humankind.

To conclude, this essay has addressed a number of significant issues which show that expanding legal rights for AI and including AI and robots in liability coverage are problems we must be formulated in this point of time. Granting AI legal rights will weaken the principle of morality and human rights due to its emotionless and consciousness-less. In order to avert the complication of accountability from lawsuits which involve AI and robots, they must be categorized as properties and included in liability coverage. The issues can be obstacles to humankind but the quintessential regulations can help us get over the obstacles and enhance humankind.

 Stephen Hawking (2014, December 2). Stephen Hawking warns artificial intelligence could end mankind [Audio/Video file]. BBC News. Retrieved from

Rosa Freedman (2014, December 10). The lack of basic human rights around the world: a harrowing reality. The Independent. Retrieved from lack-of-basic-human-rights-around-the-world-a-harrowing-reality- 9913644.html

BBC (2018, June 13). Five things Saudi women still can’t do. BBC News. Retrieved from 44460298/five-things-saudi-women-still-can-t-do

Lemberg Law (2018, January 23). Lemberg Law Sues General Motors for Injuries from a Self-Driving Car. Lemberg Law. Retrieved from self-driving-car/

Elon Musk (2017, July 15). NGA 2017 SUMMER MEETING — Introducing the New Chair’s Initiative “Ahead of the Curve” [Audio/Video file]. National Governance Association (NGA). Retrieved from