Congressional Reactions to Charlottesville: An Analysis of 327 Tweets and Statements

Trump addressing a joint session of Congress on 2/28/2017. Photo courtesy Wikimedia.

On Saturday, white nationalists including neo-Nazis, the KKK, and the “alt-right” held a rally/riot in Charlottesville, VA. In the immediate aftermath, President Trump said “many sides” were to blame for the violence. Again on Tuesday, Trump drew a moral equivalency between white nationalists and those who opposed them in Charlottesville. These statements were widely interpreted by many, including by white nationalists, to be a tacit endorsement of white nationalism. How did Congress react?

We analyzed 327 communications issued by Members of Congress on Saturday, August 12th. On that day slightly more than half of Congress weighed in on Twitter and in press releases — 152 Democrats and 133 Republicans (285 total). When we analyzed the language and the timing of congressional statements, several trends emerged.

  • 2/3s of those who weighed in on Charlottesville prior to Trump’s 3:33 p.m. statement were Democrats.
  • Democrats were 3 to 7 times more likely to condemn white nationalists by name than Republicans.
  • Only 7% of Congress condemned white nationalists by name prior to Trump’s 3:33 p.m. speech — 34 Democrats, 5 Republicans, and 1 Independent.
  • By the end of the day, 19% of Congress condemned white nationalists by name — 77 Democrats, 24 Republicans, and 1 Independent.

Many Republicans took their cues from Trump. Of the 102 Members of Congress who tweeted out on Charlottesville prior to Trump’s statement at 3:33 p.m., 2/3s were Democrats (67) and 1/3 were Republicans (34). By comparison, of the 184 Members of Congress who tweeted after Trump’s statement, they were more-or-less evenly divided between Democrats (85) and Republicans (99). Overall, slightly more Democrats (152) tweeted than Republicans (133) about Charlottesville on Saturday, August 12.

[L] Members tweeting before Trump’s speech. [C] Members tweeting after Trump’s speech. [R] Members tweeting on Saturday, August 12 on Charlottesville.

Republicans were overwhelmingly less likely to condemn white nationalists by name in the time before Trump spoke. 40 Members of Congress (7%) specifically named white nationalists in their tweets and statements issued before Trump’s speech. Of them, 34 were Democrats and only 5 were Republicans (1 was an Independent). 14% of Democrats in Congress and a paltry 2% of Republicans directly spoke out against white nationalists.

Members of Congress who called out white nationalists prior to Trump’s 3:33 p.m. speech

Just a handful of Republicans, like Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ), criticized white nationalists by name prior to Trump’s speech.

A more typical example is Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI), who criticized “the views fueling the spectacle” but at that time did not name names. (Later that say he did criticize white nationalists directly.)

These types of communication arebeing interpreted (rightly or wrongly) by the white nationalists as tacit endorsement. While Speaker Ryan came out with more direct criticism later on, the vast majority of his colleagues did not do so on Saturday, even if they spoke up generically.


Republicans were still 3 times more reticent to condemn white nationalists by name after Trump spoke than Democrats. 62 Members of Congress specifically named white nationalists in their tweets and statements after Trump’s speech. Of them, 43 were Democrats (18% of all Democrats) and 19 were Republicans (6% of all Republicans).

Members of Congress who called out white nationalists on Saturday, August 12, after Trump’s 3:33 p.m. speech.

There are some notable exceptions to the Republican trend. Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT), John McCain (R-AZ), and Cory Gardner (R-CO) issued strong statements.


Overall, of the 102 members of Congress who specifically called out white nationalists on Saturday, 3/4s were Democrats.

Members of Congress who called out white nationalists at any time on Saturday, August 12.

In addition, Democrats were more vocal overall, even when they didn’t specifically call out white nationalists. 285 Members of Congress tweeted or issued statements. Prior to Trump’s 3:33 p.m. speech, 2/3s of those speaking out were Democrats and 1/3 were Republicans. After the speech, the numbers roughly equalized.

Tweets by Party on Saturday, August 12. [L] Pre-Trump speech tweets. [C] Post-Trump speech tweets. [R] Tweets during the day.

Members of Congress continued to tweet and issue statements over the last few days. It’s likely that the percentage of each party calling out white nationalists directly has gone up significantly. Even so, it is notable how much more reticent Republicans on Saturday were to (1) speak out at all, (2) speak out early, and (3) single out white nationalists by name.

Most of our analysis draws comparisons between Democrats and Republicans in raw numbers. Comparing reactions by party as a percentage of members in each party heightens the gap in responses.

A full list of tweets and member statements follows the methodology section.


Methodology

Using Twitter’s API and a list of Members of Congress on Twitter curated and maintained at the United States Project on Github, we downloaded all the tweets that contained the word “Charlottesville” made by Members of Congress on Saturday, August 12. We also used ProPublica’s Congress API to download statements made by Members of Congress. The spreadsheet is available here.

First, we downloaded each tweet or statement as well as accompanying data including when it was made, who made it, etc. We then automatically checked each tweet or statement for the following words: White, Right, Nationalist, Fascist, Racist, Supremacy, Nazi. Using that as a guide, we read every tweet and statement and manually categorized them by whether they directly calling out white nationalists. Many tweets spoke vaguely about bigotry without making it clear who they were condemning — or whether they were treating white nationalists and their opponents as equivalents.

Caveats: tweets that did not contain the word Charlottesville were not included, and there’s no way to know whether a press statement was issued prior or subsequent to Trump’s statement. In addition, statements made in other media (like on Facebook or TV) were not included unless it was obvious from the tweet. The value of this information is the trend it shows, not necessarily any particular tweet. It’s possible that a Member of Congress who made what we deemed a generic condemnation of bigotry meant to specifically call out the white nationalists — but either that wasn’t apparent to us or we made an error in our review.

Using this information, we answered the following questions (1) How many members of Congress said something on Saturday? (2) Did they say it before or after Trump’s speech? (3) Did they call out white nationalists specifically or make a generic statement? (4) How does this break down by party?

Credit

This research was managed by Daniel Schuman, policy director at Demand Progress, a progressive grassroots organization devoted to building a modern democracy. Significant help was provided by Lauren Ancona, David Cook, and Josh Tauberer (GovTrack).


List of Member Statements

Alabama

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL2]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Luther Strange [R-AL], Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4], Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL5], Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL7]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Richard Shelby [R-AL], Rep. Mike Rogers [R-AL3], Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL6]

Alaska

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Dan Sullivan [R-AK]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R-AK], Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]

American Samoa

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Aumua Amata [R-AS0]

Arizona

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Jeff Flake [R-AZ], Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ7]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. John McCain [R-AZ]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Andy Biggs [R-AZ5], Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ6]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Martha McSally [R-AZ2], Rep. Raúl Grijalva [D-AZ3], Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4], Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8], Rep. Kyrsten Sinema [D-AZ9]

Arkansas

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Tom Cotton [R-AR]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. John Boozman [R-AR], Rep. Eric “Rick” Crawford [R-AR1]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. French Hill [R-AR2], Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4]

California

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3], Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA12], Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA13], Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA15], Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA40], Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA41]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Kamala Harris [D-CA], Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA5], Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA6], Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA9], Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14], Rep. Salud Carbajal [D-CA24], Rep. Pete Aguilar [D-CA31], Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43], Rep. Nanette Barragán [D-CA44], Rep. Susan Davis [D-CA53]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA4], Rep. Ro Khanna [D-CA17], Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA18], Rep. Jimmy Panetta [D-CA20], Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA26], Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27], Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA33], Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA35]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA1], Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA2], Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA8], Rep. Jeff Denham [R-CA10], Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA16], Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA19], Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22], Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R-CA23], Rep. Steve Knight [R-CA25], Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D-CA29], Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA30], Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA32], Rep. Jimmy Gomez [D-CA34], Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA36], Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37], Rep. Linda Sánchez [D-CA38], Rep. Edward “Ed” Royce [R-CA39], Rep. Luis Correa [D-CA46], Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA47], Rep. Dana Rohrabacher [R-CA48], Rep. Darrell Issa [R-CA49], Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50], Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA51], Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA52]

Colorado

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Cory Gardner [R-CO], Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO1], Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO5], Rep. Mike Coffman [R-CO6]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Michael Bennet [D-CO], Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2], Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO4], Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO7]

Connecticut

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Richard Blumenthal [D-CT], Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. John Larson [D-CT1], Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2], Rep. James Himes [D-CT4], Rep. Elizabeth Esty [D-CT5]

Delaware

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Thomas Carper [D-DE]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Chris Coons [D-DE], Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester [D-DE0]

District of Columbia

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC0]

Florida

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Val Demings [D-FL10], Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL23]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL], Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL6], Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL24]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Matt Gaetz [R-FL1], Rep. Darren Soto [D-FL9], Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL21], Rep. Carlos Curbelo [R-FL26]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Bill Nelson [D-FL], Rep. Neal Dunn [R-FL2], Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL3], Rep. John Rutherford [R-FL4], Rep. Al Lawson [D-FL5], Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL8], Rep. Daniel Webster [R-FL11], Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL12], Rep. Charlie Crist [D-FL13], Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL14], Rep. Dennis Ross [R-FL15], Rep. Thomas Rooney [R-FL17], Rep. Brian Mast [R-FL18], Rep. Francis Rooney [R-FL19], Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20], Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL22], Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL25], Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL27]

Georgia

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Henry “Hank” Johnson [D-GA4]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Drew Ferguson [R-GA3], Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA10], Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA12]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. David Perdue [R-GA], Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1], Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA2], Rep. John Lewis [D-GA5], Rep. Karen Handel [R-GA6], Rep. Rob Woodall [R-GA7], Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA8], Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA9], Rep. Barry Loudermilk [R-GA11], Rep. David Scott [D-GA13], Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA14]

Guam

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]

Hawaii

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Colleen Hanabusa [D-HI1]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Mazie Hirono [D-HI], Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI], Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2]

Idaho

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Michael Crapo [R-ID]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. James Risch [R-ID], Rep. Raúl Labrador [R-ID1], Rep. Michael “Mike” Simpson [R-ID2]

Illinois

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL5]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi [D-IL8], Rep. Janice “Jan” Schakowsky [D-IL9]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1], Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL11], Rep. Rodney Davis [R-IL13], Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL15]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Richard Durbin [D-IL], Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL2], Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL3], Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4], Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6], Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7], Rep. Mike Bost [R-IL12], Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL14], Rep. Darin LaHood [R-IL18]

Indiana

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4], Rep. Trey Hollingsworth [R-IN9]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1], Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN6], Rep. André Carson [D-IN7], Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN8]

Iowa

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Charles “Chuck” Grassley [R-IA], Rep. David Loebsack [D-IA2]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA], Rep. Rod Blum [R-IA1]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. David Young [R-IA3], Rep. Steve King [R-IA4]

Kansas

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Jerry Moran [R-KS], Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS3]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Pat Roberts [R-KS], Rep. Roger Marshall [R-KS1], Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS2], Rep. Ron Estes [R-KS4]

Kentucky

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY3]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Rand Paul [R-KY], Rep. James Comer [R-KY1], Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY2], Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4], Rep. Harold “Hal” Rogers [R-KY5], Rep. Garland “Andy” Barr [R-KY6]

Louisiana

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Bill Cassidy [R-LA], Sen. John Kennedy [R-LA], Rep. Cedric Richmond [D-LA2], Rep. Clay Higgins [R-LA3], Rep. Mike Johnson [R-LA4], Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA5], Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA6]

Maine

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Susan Collins [R-ME]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Angus King [I-ME], Rep. Bruce Poliquin [R-ME2]

Maryland

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Anthony Brown [D-MD4], Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5], Rep. Jamie Raskin [D-MD8]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Chris Van Hollen [D-MD]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. A. Dutch Ruppersberger [D-MD2], Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD1], Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD3], Rep. John Delaney [D-MD6]

Massachusetts

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. James “Jim” McGovern [D-MA2], Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA5]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1], Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA6], Rep. William Keating [D-MA9]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Michael Capuano [D-MA7], Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA8]

Michigan

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI5]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Mike Bishop [R-MI8], Rep. Sander Levin [D-MI9], Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13], Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI14]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Debbie Stabenow [D-MI], Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI12]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Jack Bergman [R-MI1], Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI2], Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI3], Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI4], Rep. Tim Walberg [R-MI7], Rep. Paul Mitchell [R-MI10], Rep. Dave Trott [R-MI11]

Minnesota

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN], Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN4]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN6]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Amy Klobuchar [D-MN], Rep. Timothy Walz [D-MN1], Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN7], Rep. Richard Nolan [D-MN8]

Mississippi

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Thad Cochran [R-MS], Sen. Roger Wicker [R-MS], Rep. Trent Kelly [R-MS1], Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS3], Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS4]

Missouri

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Roy Blunt [R-MO]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Claire McCaskill [D-MO], Rep. Lacy Clay [D-MO1], Rep. Ann Wagner [R-MO2], Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO3], Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO4], Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6], Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7], Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO8]

Montana

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Steve Daines [R-MT], Sen. Jon Tester [D-MT], Rep. Greg Gianforte [R-MT0]

Nebraska

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Deb Fischer [R-NE], Rep. Don Bacon [R-NE2], Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE3]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Benjamin Sasse [R-NE], Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE1]

Nevada

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV1], Rep. Ruben Kihuen [D-NV4]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto [D-NV], Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV2]

New Hampshire

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Carol Shea-Porter [D-NH1]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Jeanne Shaheen [D-NH], Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH2]

New Jersey

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ6]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ1], Rep. Josh Gottheimer [D-NJ5], Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7], Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ8]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Robert “Bob” Menéndez [D-NJ], Rep. Christopher “Chris” Smith [R-NJ4], Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9], Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10], Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen [R-NJ11], Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman [D-NJ12]

New Mexico

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Tom Udall [D-NM]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Stevan “Steve” Pearce [R-NM2], Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]

New York

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Charles “Chuck” Schumer [D-NY], Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY4], Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5], Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9], Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14], Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Peter “Pete” King [R-NY2], Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8], Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY10]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Lee Zeldin [R-NY1], Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY6], Rep. Daniel Donovan [R-NY11], Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY18], Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY20], Rep. Claudia Tenney [R-NY22], Rep. Tom Reed [R-NY23], Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Thomas Suozzi [D-NY3], Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY12], Rep. José Serrano [D-NY15], Rep. Nita Lowey [D-NY17], Rep. John Faso [R-NY19], Rep. Elise Stefanik [R-NY21], Rep. John Katko [R-NY24], Rep. Louise Slaughter [D-NY25], Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]

North Carolina

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC6]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC12]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. George Holding [R-NC2], Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC5], Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC8], Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC10], Rep. Ted Budd [R-NC13]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Richard Burr [R-NC], Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1], Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC3], Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC7], Rep. Robert Pittenger [R-NC9]

North Dakota

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Heidi Heitkamp [D-ND]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND], Rep. Kevin Cramer [R-ND0]

Northern Mariana Islands

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP0]

Ohio

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Robert “Rob” Portman [R-OH]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Patrick “Pat” Tiberi [R-OH12], Rep. David Joyce [R-OH14]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Sherrod Brown [D-OH], Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH2], Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3], Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4], Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5], Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH6], Rep. Warren Davidson [R-OH8], Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9], Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13], Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH15]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH1], Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH7], Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH10], Rep. Marcia Fudge [D-OH11], Rep. James Renacci [R-OH16]

Oklahoma

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK], Sen. James Lankford [R-OK]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1], Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2], Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK3], Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK4], Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5]

Oregon

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Jeff Merkley [D-OR]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Ron Wyden [D-OR]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR1], Rep. Greg Walden [R-OR2], Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3], Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4], Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR5]

Pennsylvania

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Dwight Evans [D-PA2], Rep. Charles Dent [R-PA15], Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA18]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Robert “Bob” Casey [D-PA], Sen. Patrick “Pat” Toomey [R-PA], Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA3], Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7], Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9], Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA11], Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA17]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1], Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA4], Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA5], Rep. Ryan Costello [R-PA6], Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick [R-PA8], Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA10], Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA12], Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA13], Rep. Lloyd Smucker [R-PA16]

Puerto Rico

We couldn’t find anything: Commish. Jenniffer González-Colón [R-PR0]

Rhode Island

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. James “Jim” Langevin [D-RI2]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1]

South Carolina

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Tim Scott [R-SC], Rep. Marshall “Mark” Sanford [R-SC1], Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC3], Rep. James “Jim” Clyburn [D-SC6]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Lindsey Graham [R-SC], Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2], Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC4], Rep. Ralph Norman [R-SC5], Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC7]

South Dakota

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD], Rep. Kristi Noem [R-SD0]

Tennessee

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN5], Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN9]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Lamar Alexander [R-TN], Sen. Bob Corker [R-TN], Rep. David Kustoff [R-TN8]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1], Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2], Rep. Charles “Chuck” Fleischmann [R-TN3], Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN4]

Texas

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Ted Cruz [R-TX], Rep. Al Green [D-TX9], Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX32], Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX34]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. John Cornyn [R-TX], Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2], Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX5], Rep. John Culberson [R-TX7], Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX10], Rep. Jodey Arrington [R-TX19], Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX22], Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24], Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25], Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX33], Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX35]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Louie Gohmert [R-TX1], Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX3], Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX4], Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX6], Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX8], Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX11], Rep. Kay Granger [R-TX12], Rep. Mac Thornberry [R-TX13], Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX14], Rep. Vicente Gonzalez [D-TX15], Rep. Beto O’Rourke [D-TX16], Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX17], Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18], Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX21], Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX26], Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27], Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX28], Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29], Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30], Rep. John Carter [R-TX31], Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX36]

Utah

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT2], Rep. Mia Love [R-UT4]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Orrin Hatch [R-UT], Sen. Mike Lee [R-UT], Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT1]

Vermont

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT], Sen. Bernard “Bernie” Sanders [I-VT]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT0]

Virgin Islands

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI0]

Virginia

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Sen. Mark Warner [D-VA], Rep. Robert “Bobby” Scott [D-VA3], Rep. Donald Beyer [D-VA8], Rep. Barbara Comstock [R-VA10]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Sen. Timothy Kaine [D-VA], Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA1], Rep. Scott Taylor [R-VA2], Rep. Donald McEachin [D-VA4], Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA6]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Rep. David “Dave” Brat [R-VA7]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA9], Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA11]

Washington

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5], Rep. Pramila Jayapal [D-WA7]

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA9]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Maria Cantwell [D-WA], Rep. David Reichert [R-WA8]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA2], Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R-WA3], Rep. Dan Newhouse [R-WA4], Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA6], Rep. Denny Heck [D-WA10]

West Virginia

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Shelley Capito [R-WV], Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV3]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1], Rep. Alex Mooney [R-WV2]

Wisconsin

Called out white supremacy before Trump: Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI], Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI6], Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI7], Rep. Mike Gallagher [R-WI8]

We couldn’t find anything: Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2], Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI3], Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI5]

Wyoming

Called out white supremacy after Trump: Rep. Liz Cheney [R-WY0]

Said something without calling out white supremacy: Sen. John Barrasso [R-WY]

We couldn’t find anything: Sen. Michael Enzi [R-WY]