Data Structures with JavaScript — Chapter Three — Stacks and Queues

Gaurav Mehla
Apr 15, 2018 · 5 min read

❗️All the code snippets you will see below are just Pseudo code. If you want to see working code — click here

Prerequisites

Before proceeding further, make sure you have gone through both of these posts first because I am using Linked Lists to implement Stack and Queue rather than Arrays.

  1. DS with JS — Linked Lists
  2. DS with JS — Linked Lists — II

Why to use Linked Lists while implementing Stacks and Queues ?

I found some lines over this —

…because linked lists store data elements in linear sequences, they can be used to give alternative implementations of stacks and queues. One advantage to using linked lists is that we don’t have to worry about filling up something like an array — we can just keep allocating cells as long as we need to (unless we run out of memory). Implementing a stack using a linked list is particularly easy because all accesses to a stack are at the top. One end of a linked list, the beginning, is always directly accessible. We should therefore arrange the elements so that the top element of the stack is at the beginning of the linked list, and the bottom element of the stack is at the end of the linked list. We can represent an empty stack with null…

another reason is that you will able to practice linked-lists while implementing stacks and queues which will give you the understanding of how Stacks and Queues works while making you strong with linked-lists.

read full article over here..

Lets’ begin!!

Stack Definition
This is how stack works…

Core

⚜️ The list

  1. Push
  2. Pop
  3. Peek
  4. Reverse
  5. Length
  6. Search
  7. IsEmpty
  8. Traverse

Lets do some code now…

Initial Stack

🔅 Push

push( item ){
let node = new Node( item )
if( this.top ) {
node.next = this.top
this.top = node
} else {
this.top = node
}
}
Push Operation

🔅 Pop

pop() {
if( this.top ) {
let itemToPop = this.top
this.top = this.top.next
return itemToPop.data
} else {
log('Stack is empty!')
return false;
}
}
Pop Operation

🔅 Peek

peek() {
if( this.top ) {
return this.top.data
} else {
return null
}
}
Peek Operation

🔅 Reverse

reverse() {
let current = this.top
let prev = null;
while( current ) {
let next = current.next
current.next = prev
prev = current
current = next
}
this.top = prev
}

⚠️ It is same as reversing a Singly-Linked List

Reverse Operation

🔅 Length, Search & IsEmpty

length() {
let current = this.top
let counter = 0
while( current ) {
counter++
current = current.next
}
return counter
}
search( item ) {
let current = this.top
while( current ) {
if( current.data === item ) return true
current = current.next
}
return false
}
isEmpty() {
return this.length > 1
}
Length, Search & IsEmpty Operation

🔅 Traverse

traverse( fn ) {
let current = this.top
while( current ) {
fn( current )
current = current.next
}
}
Traverse Operation
Queue Definition
This is how Queue works…

Core

⚜️ The list

  1. Enqueue
  2. Dequeue
  3. Length
  4. Peek
  5. IsEmpty
  6. Traverse
Initial Queue

🔅 Enqueue

enqueue( item ) {
let node = new Node( item )
if( !this.head ) {
this.head = node
this.tail = node
} else {
this.tail.next = node
this.tail = node
}
}
Enqueue Operation

🔅 Dequeue

dequeue() {
if( !this.head ) {
return 'No item'
} else {
let itemToPop = this.head
this.head = this.head.next
return itemToPop
}
}
Dequeue Operation

🔅 Length, Peek & IsEmpty

length() {
let current, counter
[ current, counter ] = [ this.head, 0 ]
while( current ) {
counter++
current = current.next
}
return counter
}
peek() {
if( this.head ) {
return this.head.data
} else {
return 'Empty'
}
}
isEmpty() {
return this.length() < 1
}
Length, Peek & IsEmpty Operation

🔅 Traverse

traverse( fn ) {
let current = this.head
while( current ) {
fn( current )
current = current.next
}
}
Traverse Operation

You can implement any operation over these stacks and queues which you can implement using Linked Lists.

Practice

Last important thing…

About this post

This post is the third instalment to its series “DS with JS”. There will be more in this series. Next will be on next Monday Morning. Stay tuned!

That’s It

Happy Coding !!

🎧 Listening to “Touch — Matia Cupelli” . Sadness, broken heart, piano & dreams.. only thing missing is — this music…


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Stories for Full-Stack Web developers which help them in pursuing their goals as a developer, mastering the modern web technologies and *hacking the web.

Gaurav Mehla

Written by

Software engineer & Web hacker. Spent 30+% of life on playing with JS

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_devblogs

Stories for Full-Stack Web developers which help them in pursuing their goals as a developer, mastering the modern web technologies and *hacking the web.

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