… another Learning Diary by Claudia Valentini.
STEM careers in schools and in the job market
The first module it’s all about..:
To learn what we mean by STEM and why STEM studies are important;
To understand what the STEM skill gap is while having a critical approach to it;
To assimilate the main benefits of career counselling in schools and to understand different cognitive-behaviour dimensions as pillars of career development;
To get an introduction to school strategies to foster STEM career awareness, taking into account different possible types of school career counselling scenarios.
- Caprile, M., Palmen, R., Sanz, P. & Dente, G. (2015) Encouraging STEM Studies for the Labour Market. Directorate General for Internal Policies. European Parliament.
- European Commission (2015) Does the EU need more STEM graduates? Final Report. European Commission.
- Cohen, Patterson (2012) The Emerging Role of Science Teachers in Facilitating STEM Career Awareness.
STEM career pathways
Working through the learning objectives of Module 2 :
To learn about current STEM industries and professions;
To understand the evolution of STEM professions and jobs of the future;
To define and recognise what STEM skills are; specifically, to learn about the importance of introducing ICT and digital skills in schools;
To comprehend what soft skills are and how these can be transferred to students.
Stem industries & skills
Glossary of both established and emerging STEM careers by Florida Polytechnic University;
Interactive guide on future technology careers by TECHFUTURECAREEERS;
Space Awareness webinar by Dr. Frank Danesy, Head of Business Unit Control and Senior Financial Controller, Directorate of Operations at the European Space Agency;
Career Hub of the Space Awareness project— interviews and career cards in space and astronomy;
STEM Alliance chat with EPCA (the European Petrochemical Association);
Engeneering careers in Scientix Blog by Scott Rhodes, Enrolment and Recruitment Strategies leader for the Florida Polytechnic University;
Future Proof Yourself by The Future Laboratory and Microsoft;
Analytical highlight. Focus on: Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) skills;
Future Morph website;
The 7 Most Important STEM Skills We Should Be Teaching Our Kids;
Design the school of the future that contribute developing the skills of tomorrow in the petrochemical industry.
The Importance of 21st Skills and Industry 4.0 in STEM Ed
Relevant links: https://journalofsteameducation.com/focus-and-scope/; https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/dec/01/australian-students-recreate-martin-shkreli-price-hike-drug-in-school-lab.
Applications of Data Science. Data Science at NYU. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 August, 2017.
Best STEM Industries. Industries & Professions. Best STEM Industries|Vault.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.
Build Your Future with O*NET OnLine. O*NET OnLine. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 August. 2017.
Encouraging STEM studies for the Labor Market. (2015) Directorate General for Internal Policies, Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy.
EU Skills Panorama. (2014) STEM skills Analytical Highlight, prepared by ICF and Cedefop for the European Commission.
The Future of Jobs. Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (2016) World Economic Forum.
Why You Should Pursue a STEM Career in Agriculture. Electronic Component News. N.p., 30 Sept. 2015. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
STEM leading schools
More learning objectives in Module 3:
To comprehend the concept of school leadership and its typologies and the concept of a STEM leading school;
To understand the different types of career-counselling approaches at the school level;
To learn how to integrate different professional roles into STEM career awareness;
To learn how to build a STEM career-counselling vision and action plan for your school.
School Leadership, STEM strategy and counselling
Building Leadership Talent through Performance Evaluation by Matthew Clifford (2015)
The eight essential elements of inclusive STEM high schools;
Teachers and Careers: The Role of School Teachers in Delivering Career and Employability Learning;
P-Tech project combining high school, university and the professional world;
School Organisation and STEM Career-related Learning report (STEM career-awareness strategies);
Insights and best practices in: School Organisation and STEM Career-related Learning report.
Gender stereotypes in STEM education
Another crucial module’s objectives:
To understand the concept of the STEM gender gap and learn how to analyse data regarding the situation of girls and women in STEM careers;
To learn strategies to further address gender equality in schools and to propel girls into STEM careers;
To learn about female scientists (present and past) and about current initiatives promoting girls in STEM.
Gender equality in STEM, from principle to practice
- Building a European Area of Justice. Gender equality in the EU. EU Justice, European Commission
- Cracking the code: Girls’ and women’s education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) (2017) UNESCO
- Is the gender gap narrowing in science and engineering? (2015) UNESCO Science Report.
- STEM and gender advancement. (2015) UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
- She figures, 2015 (2016) Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. European Union.
- UN Women
- Women are Missing From the Ranks of Higher Education and Research. (2017) UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
- Women in science: Under-represented and under-measured. UIS Bulletin on Science and Technology Statistics. Issue №3 (2006) UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
- Women in Science. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
- Women’s and Girls’ Education (UNESCO).
Balancing the roles of teachers, mentors, parents and role models
This module has the following learning objectives:
To develop the concept of mentorship and learn how it can be integrated in schools (with a focus on the roles of career counsellors and heads of schools);
To learn how to manage the role of parents in career awareness activities;
To learn how to integrate STEM professionals in school activities.
- Betz, N. E. (1994). Basic issues and concepts in career counseling for women. In W. B. Walsh & S. H. Osipow.
- (Eds.), Career Counseling for Women (pp 1–41). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Dick, T. P. & Rallis, S .F. (1991). Factors and influences on high school students’ career choices. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 22, 281–292.
- Eccles, J. S., Jacobs, J. E. & Harold, R.D. (1990). Gender role stereotypes, expectancy effects, and parents’ socialization of gender differences. Journal of Social Issues, 46, 183–201.
- Gettys, L. D. & Cann, A. (1981). Children’s perceptions of occupational stereotypes. Sex Roles, 7, 301–308. in Isaacson, L. E. & Brown, D. (1993). Career information, career counseling, and career development. (5th ed). Boston, Mass: Allyn & Bacon.
- Friedman, T. (2005). The world is flat. New York: Picador.
Benefits of external school to work programs
This module is all about my new role of ASL (E2E) Tutor!
To learn about the types of school-to-work programmes available and where to find them;
To learn how to guide students towards school-to-work programmes.
Education to employment: Getting Europe’s youth into work report by McKinsey & Company (Mourshed, Patel, & Suder, 2014);
Example: Óbidos Technological Park;
Insights: Community Partners: Making Student Learning Relevant (2016), Edutopia
Mapping youth transitions in Europe by Eurofund;
Best practices: Amgen Scholars, Microsoft’s Careers,…
- Edutopia (2016) Community Partners: Making Student Learning Relevant.
- European Commission (2016) Eurydice. Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe. EURYDICE. 2016 Edition.
- Mourshed, Patel, Suder (2014) Education to employment: Getting Europe’s youth into work.
- The Royal Society (2016) Making education your business. A practical guide to supporting STEM teaching in schools and colleges. The Royal Society. Science Policy Center.
- Strupler Leiser, M. Wolter, S. (2015) Public Procurement Can Promote Apprenticeships. European Expert Network on Economics of Education.
Career orientation events on STEM education
The learning objectives of Module 7 are:
- To become aware of the main benefits of organising STEM career events in schools;
- To learn tips and steps for organising your own STEM career event in your school;
- To explore case studies of various STEM career events.
Tools and insights:
STEM career fairs & virtual job fairs
EU Contest for Young Scientists (EUCYS)
National events: Big Bang Fair in the UK, I giovani e le scienze (Youth and Science) in Italy, Unge Forskere (Young Scientists) in Denmark, Jugend forscht (The youth research) in Germany.
Scientix Newsletter: Improving STEM skills through international competitions
Student internships / job shadowing
Job Shadowing by Manchester Metropolitan University;
Toolkit: Organizing a Girls in ICT Day event;
Pilot study: European Science Fairs Evaluation Framework by European Schoolnet and Intel;
Newsletter: Scientix Opening minds to STEM careers;
Teen Science Café: initiative of the Science Centre in Malta;
- Intel, European Schoolnet (2013) The European Science Fairs Evaluation Framework — pilot study. European Science Fairs Evaluation Framework.
- International Telecommunication Union (2017) Toolkit: Organizing a Girls in ICT Day event.
- Manchester Metropolitan University. Job Shadowing Guidelines. Human Resources Organisation Development Training & Diversity.
- Scientix. Newsletter archive.
- Systemic (2017) Professionals go back to school scheme, a guide for schools, Brussels, Belgium.
- Systemic (2017) Professionals go back to school scheme, a guide for companies, Brussels, Belgium.
The organization of my school’s STEAM event!
(more than a final MOOC activity)… ;)