The Positioning of Hong Kong in the Greater Bay Area Development Plan — its Role is Reflected in the Anti-Extradition Movement
The anti-extradition-bill protest in Hong Kong is said to be inspiring movements worldwide , and indeed it is reflecting the global strengths of Hong Kong that the Central Government of China appreciates in the development plan of the Greater Bay Area (GBA).
- Roles of Hong Kong in the GBA-Outline
The State Council of China published in early 2019 the “Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area” (hereinafter referred to as the GBA-Outline) , which emphasizes Hong Kong’s global strengths, and one of the goals of the GBA Development is to “build Hong Kong into a more competitive international metropolis” based on the rule of law and the freedom in economy. For example, the GBA-Outline states:
“Hong Kong offers a business environment that is highly internationalized and based on the rule of law. It also has a global business network and is among the freest economies in the world...” 
The GBA-Outline also recognizes the fact that the world is now highly interconnected, merging the GBA to the world peacefully under the global governance system is an irreversible trend:
"The global governance system and the international order have been changing at a faster pace. As countries worldwide have become more interconnected and interdependent, the trend of peaceful development is irreversible." 
The GBA-Outline explicitly positions Hong Kong as the gateway to lead the 9 cities of the GBA to go global (走出去). For example, in the Belt Road Initiative Section (Chapter 9, Section 3), it directly states:
"To leverage the overseas commercial networks and the advantages brought about by the overseas operational experience of Hong Kong and Macao, take forward Greater Bay Area enterprises’ joint efforts in “going global”, and play a leading role in the international cooperation on production capacity.” 
There are many more occurrences of the phrase “going global” in other sections of the GBA-Outline, such as in the sections about the financial hub, the arbitration hub and the logistic hub, the reliance on Hong Kong to lead the GBA to go global is undeniable. The GBA-Outline even states the intention to exploit Hong Kong’s global strengths to lead the GBA to impose a stronger global influence and to cooperate more closely with the world. It says:
"...enhance their overall strength and global influence, and lead the Greater Bay Area in participating in international cooperation in great intensity." 
All these global strengths of Hong Kong have been well demonstrated in the current Anti-extradition Movement. There have been high-intensity international cooperations and strong global influence such as the wearing of the “Stand With Hong Kong” T-shirts during the NBA games ; the co-developing and co-inspiring protesting strategies, such as the global solidarity rally  and solidarity chains, and the sharing of the Be-water Approach in the Catalonia protest , etc. For more examples, see 
2. The Hong Kong 2030+ Plan
Besides the GBA-Outline, in fact, the HKSAR Government’s consultation report for the future planning of the city: the HK2030+ Report  also emphasizes the strengths of Hong Kong in terms of its level of globalization. For example, Figure 1 shows the 1st page of the report highlighting the global strengths of Hong Kong. It says, “Hong Kong has a long history of going global including business and trade, human capital, information exchange and cultural exchange.”  It does not only stress people flow, goods flow and capital flow, but also information flow and cultural exchange that are shown in the Anti-extradition Movement.
It further cites the rankings of Hong Kong in various globalization indices, such as the Globalisation and World Cities Research Network (GaWC 2012), the Global Power City Index (GPCI 2015) and the Global Cities Index (GCI 2016). Figure 2 shows that Hong Kong was ranked no. 3, no. 7 and no. 5 in the world respectively. The latest updates on the ranking of Hong Kong in 2018 are still equally high.
Unfortunately, in the SWOT analysis of the report, it does not review the SWOT in the political system, especially about the shortcomings in human rights, democracy, and rule of law, even though it was compiled after the Umbrella Movement. It focused only on the SWOT analyses of economic, social and environmental aspects. The Anti-extradition Movement gives us a very important lesson that the political issues must NOT be ignored in the planning of a city.
In fact, a city can never be truly globalized if it does not respect the global norms and disregards the international urges including the United Nations experts’ request of respecting protesters’ rights. 
3. How to Go Global?
To be truly globalized, we have to share the global value and respect the global governance rules such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, etc. It cannot simply ask Hong Kong to lead the GBA to go global without respecting the global governance codes.
It is even more dangerous to exploit Hong Kong as a window for global fundraising without following the international ethical rules on finance. When the GBA-Outline puts Hong Kong as the only fundraising city for the whole GBA and aims to “Support Hong Kong to develop more offshore RMB, commodities and other risk management tools”,  but it does not observe the global rules on preventing money laundering  and international sanction orders , it risks of being abolished the status of the Special Customs Zone of Hong Kong. In fact, the US — HK Human Rights and Democracy Act is now discussing in the US Congress (amended from the former US-HK Policy Act) on this matter.
Based on the Basic Law and the One Country, Two Systems principle, Hong Kong is different from other cities of the GBA, especially in sharing the globalized value in human rights, democracy, and rule of law. Unfortunately, similar to the HK 2030+ report, the GBA-Outline does not have any plans for the development of Hong Kong in democracy, human rights and political systems, let alone any discussions on the political issues in the development of the GBA.
As found by the two American economists, Acemoglu and Robinson (2012) , the success of the GBA depends on the practices of “inclusive institutions” which protect individual rights and interests, and distribute power and establish checks and balances in politics. On the contrary, if the economic interests and political power in the region are controlled by a few privileged class, that is, “extractive institutions”, the GBA will inevitably fail, because the privileged class will use political power to hinder competition for its own benefits.
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